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Dr. Berger UNF ENC1101 Post/Pre Test
These notecards are from the Fall 2011 term from Dr. Jeanette Berger at the University of North Florida's ENC1101 class.
Terms in this set (48)
A noun or a pronoun plus any word or group of words modifying this & that tell who or what the sentence is about.
from my Mountain Dew usually lasts about an hour
Present tense indicates an action in the present.
Past tense indicates an action that occurred in the past.
The little girl
noun or pronoun that receives the action
to whom or for whom or what the action is done
Active voice (definition)
the subject performs the action expressed by the verb
Active voice (example)
The student wrote a song
Passive voice (definition)
The subject receives the action expressed by the verb
Passive voice (example)
A song was written by the student.
Sentence fragment (definition)
A word group that lacks a subject, verb or a subject and a predicate.
Sentence fragment (example)
Swam into the ocean. (missing subject)
The white plastic chair. (missing verb)
As in the lives of many. (missing both subject and predicate)
Dependent Clause (definition)
A group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought. Cannot be a sentence. Often marked by a dependent marker word.
Dependent Clause (example)
When Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz . . . (What happened when he studied? The thought is incomplete.)
Independent Clause (definition)
a group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought.
Independent Clause (example)
Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz.
A comparison between two unlike things that have something in common.
Scratching at the window with claws of pine, the wind wants in. (Imogene Bolls, "Coyote Wind")
"Intentionally or knowingly presenting the work of another as one's own (i.e., without proper acknowledgment of the source). The sole exception to the requirement of acknowledging sources is when the ideas, information, etc. are common knowledge." (UNF Academic Integrity Code)
In 1987 Joe Biden was forced to resign from the presidential race because he plagiarized a speech by Neil Kinnock. Additionally, he was charged with plagiarizing in another course that he failed in law school.
Parallel Structure (definition)
Matching the identical grammatical form for two or more verbs or verbals in a sentence.
Parallel Structure (example)
I woke up, got dressed, and ate breakfast
the action of a sentence is hidden in the noun or adjective and recognizable by -tion, -ment -ence.
Our expectation was to establish a good foundation--We expected to establish a good foundation.
Signal Phrase (definition)
A phrase, clause, or sentence that introduces a quotation, paraphrase, or summary.
Signal Phrase (example)
Chancellor Chase observed that "The Army is . . .."
The writer or creator of a text.
Intertextuality and the Discourse Community - James E. Porter
the intended readership of a text.
The audience of papers published in journals is often scholars in that field.
In rhetoric, an issue, problem, or situation that causes or prompts someone to write or speak.
the ethical appeal is based on the character, credibility, or reliability of the writer
According to Aristotle, the chief components of a compelling ethos are good will, practical wisdom, and virtue.
The emotional appeal, appeals to an audience's needs, values, and emotional sensibilities.
Telling the story of a single child who has been abused may make for a more persuasive argument than simply the number of children abused each year because it would give a human face to the numbers.
The appeal based on logic or reason.
Documents distributed by companies or corporations are logos-driven. Scholarly documents are also often logos-driven
Five basic parts of Classical Argumentative Structure
1. Introduction and Narration, 2. Thesis, 3. Confirmation, 4. Refutation of Opposing Perspectives, and 5. Conclusion
Five basic parts of Classical Argumentative Structure (Example)
In my paper on plagiarism, I first introduce the idea that the definition of plagiarism has been changed by scholars. Second, I give my thesis, which is that the definition of plagiarism needs to be revised within the academic integrity code of UNF. Third, I confirm my position, using supporting arguments from various sources. Fourth, admittedly I don't refute any other positions due to space, but given more words it would need to be done. And fifth and finally, I conclude, summarizing my argument.
the four positions (or stasis) of stasis theory are: conjecture, definition, quality and procedure. Does it exist? / Definition: How does one define it? / Quality: How good/bad (positive/negative) is it? / Procedure: How does one respond to it?
Genre is the typical rhetorical response to a specified situation.
A business letter or a text message has a specific rhetorical style, recognizable and typified.
is the principal that all writing and speech—indeed, all signs—arise from a single network called "the web of meaning" (Vygotsky).
Saturday Night Live gets its ideas from current events and news stations
Language in action. Discourse is a specialized use of the term by James Paul Gee.
Legal Discourse must be very precise.
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