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How many people are in the Senate and in the House of Represenatatives?
100 in Senate and 435 in House of Representatives
What is it called when Congress takes a break between sessions?
When Congress takes breaks between sessions it is called adjournment.
Do the two houses get to choose separate adjournment dates?
No, they must decide the same adjournment date together.
Why can't the election be on Sundays?
Because of the separation of church and state. (1st Amendment) People will have to choose whether to go to church or to vote.
Why can't the election be on the first Monday?
Because of pay day. People will be doing other things.
Why can't the election be on the first of November?
Because of pay day. People will be busy doing other things.
What is a joint session?
When the president requires both houses to come back (usually due to an attack or possibility of war)
What are the two things that the Senate can do that the house can't?
Approve treaties and approve president appointments (cabinet members and federal/supreme court judges)
What happens if a senator dies or is taken out of office?
Two new senators will be elected in the next election but the new senator will take over the last senators LEFTOVER years.
What did the Reapportionment Act of 1929 say?
1) The House has 435 Representatives apportioned to them. 2)Census Bureau determines the number of Representatives per state.
Where does the Census Bureau sent the reapportionment first?
To the president, out of respect. The president actually doesn't have any power over this.
Where does the Census Bureau send the reapportionment after the president?
To Congress, who can approve or reject it.
Which district do we live in and who is our Representative?
The 13th district and our Rep. is David Scott.
What's the difference between formal and informal qualifications?
Formal qualifications are completely necessary and they are found in the Constitution. Informal qualification are not necessary, but they happen throughout the majority of history.
What are the formal qualifications for the Senate?
1. 30 years old
2. 9 yrs citizen
3. Must live in state when elected
What are the formal qualifications for the House? And what is the custom?
1. 25 years old
2. 7 yrs citizen
3. Must live in state when elected
Custom: live in district they represent
What are the informal qualifications?
1. Name Familiarity
2. Party Identification
3. Gender (male)
4. Political Experience (H-state , S-served in house)
5. Race (white)
What is gerrymandering?
Re drawing of district lines in order to exclude a certain group of people from voting
How does a trustee vote?
Personal beliefs to judge merit (worth). (they trust the merit of the issue; personally goes through pros and cons)
How are congressmen servants?
They fulfill requests of the people. Every unfulfilled request is a lost vote.
Are representatives or senators more like servants? Why?
Representatives, because they are elected more often and they need to make sure that they are re-elected so they need to keep the people happy.
Who are the 2 presiding officers for the senate?
President of the Senate(Vice President) and the President Pro Tem
What are the responsibilities of the officers?
to keep order (know all the rules and assign bills to committees)
What's the difference between a majority or minority floor leader/whip ?
Majority is from majority party and vice versa.
What is the party caucus? (2 things)
1) The particular group elects their particular leader
2) They come up with decisions on bills
Why do we have a bicameral congress?
Historical- Britain had 2 houses
Practical- settles conflict between NJ and VA plan
Theoretical- one house may act as a check on the other
What are standing committees?
Committees that are needed all the time (due to issues that are always present)
What are some examples of standing committees?
Appropriations, Armed Services, Budget, Judiciary, Veterans...so on...
What are two examples of select committees?
The committee that found out that President Nixon was guilty of Watergate and the committee that investigated Bill Clinton's affair.
What is a Select Joint Committee?
A committee that investigates issues dealing with another branch or dealing with both houses. Both houses investigate these.
How many temporary Joint Committees are there?
As many as there are Select Joint Committees. (Same thing)
How is a Conference Committee selected?
Part of the committees from each house are taken and put in a room and told to decide on the resolution of a bill.
Who assigns the committees for the house? And for the Senate?
The Speaker of the House assigns committees for the house and the Pres Pro Tem. for the Senate.
What is the Rules Committee?
The Rules Committee is the first group of people to receive the bills and they can either trash the bill or suggest a committee that the speaker should send it to.
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