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World History Final Exam :Multiple Choice
Terms in this set (142)
what did Oliver Cromwell's defeat of the king's forces allow him to do?
take control of England and eventually establish a military dictatorship
how did Louis XIV keep complete authority as a monarch?
by distracting the nobles and royal princes with court life to keep them out of politics
the French population was made up of 7 percent of what?
what was the Rump Parliament?
what was left after Cromwell purged the members who did not support him
what granted Puritans, but not Catholics, the right of public worship?
Toleration Act of 1489
how did cardinal Richelieu strengthen the power of the monarchy?
by taking away the Huguenot's political and military rights and executing conspirators
who sought to increase the wealth and power of France by following the ideas of mercantilism?
whose ideas can be found in the American declaration of independence and the U.S. constitution?
officials appointed by the Ottoman central government were called what?
the hereditary nature of the position of sultan led to what?
struggles over succession between the sons of the sultan
Safavid rulers believed what?
that the Shah Ismail was a direct successor of the prophet Muhammad
who established the Mogul dynasty?
where did Osman begin to build power?
the northwest corner of the Anatolian peninsula
who was the greatest of all Ottoman architects?
who initiated the construction of the Imperial City in Beijing?
what occurred during the reign of Qinglong?
the Qing dynasty showed the first signs of internal decay
foot binding was considered what?
a status symbol in Qing society
by 1590, Toyotomi Hideyoshi had done what?
persuaded most of the daimyo to accept his authority
what was the name given to Korea because its rulers tried to keep it isolated from the rest of the world?
the Hermit Kingdom
what was the most famous of all the arts of the Ming era?
blue and white porcelain, which Europeans collected in great quantities
how did the constitutional convention begin?
as a meeting of delegates to revise the Articles of confederation
what did Galileo's observations seem to indicate?
that the heavenly bodies were composed of material substance just like Earth, not pure orbs of light
who wrote on the fabrics of the human body?
whose work shows the use of enchantment in rococo style?
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
which british head of cabinet acquired Canada and India?
William pitt the elder
what was America's first constitution?
articles of confederation
what was the tennis court oath?
a vow to continue to meet until they had produced a French constitution
what powers were the committee of public safety given?
defend france from threats
what did napoleons coup d'état over throw?
what were the three major parts of napoleons empire?
the French empire, te dependent states, and the allied states
which of france's estates were not exempt from the taille?
the third estate(commoners)
what was the most important of the seven legal codes established by napoleon?
the civil code
what was the principal of legitimacy guided by Prince Klemens von Meternich?
lawful monarchs from the royal families hat had ruled before Napoleon would be restores to power
what is the belief that people should be as free as possible from the government restraints?
what was realpolitik?
a theory of politics based on practical matters rather than theory or ethics
what was central to Darwin's organic evolution?
what was crucial to Britain's industrial revolution?
how were the social changes brought about by the industrial revolution evident?
the emergence of a middle class and the working class
what was the principle of intervention?
powers could send armies into countries where there were revolutions in order to restore legitimate monarchs to power
what established a self-governing Canadian nation?
british north American act
what was the literary and visual arts movement that rejected romanticism?
in the second industrial revolution what led the way to new industrial frontiers?
steel, chemicals, electricity, and petroleum
according to Karl Marx, what was oppressed by the middle class?
by 1914, trade unions had done what?
bettered both the living and working conditions of the working class
who founded the female association for the care of the poor and sick in hamburg?
the alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy was known as what?
whose discovery of radium changed the world's view of the atom?
if a colony was run by what, local elites were removed from power and replaced with a new set of officials from the mother country?
who hired Henry Stanley to find David livingstone?
King Leopold II of Belgium
what were the only free states remaining in Africa by 1914?
Liberia and ethiopia
who joined jose de san martin's forces to complete the liberation of Peru?
what were the results of increased exports in Latin America?
witnessed a growth in the middle sectors of Latin American society
the Boers were descendants of whom?
the original dutch settlers of cape town and the surrounding areas
what was the goal of the Indian National congress?
a share in the governing process of india
what kind of changes did Benito Juarez bring about to mexico?
brought liberal reforms to mexico, including land distribution to the poor
who proposed the open door policy for China?
"destroy the foreigner" was the slogan used by which group?
what policy called for china to adopt Western technology while retaining their values and institutions?
what areas did the daimyo govern after the Meiji government seized their lands?
why did the Tai ping rebellion appeal to many people?
called for reforms like giving land to peasants and treating women as equals
who is considered to be the last emperor of china?
henry pu yi
how did japan react to the military pressure of commodore Mathew Perry?
signed the treaty of kanagawa
who was China's foremost writers of the century?
what advances did European traders gain by dealing directly with the Chinese warlords?
established spheres of influence that barred others from trading with a specific region
who sent a commission to travel to great Britain, france, Germany, and the U.S. to study their governments?
Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany and the ottoman empire became known as what?
the central powers
what were councils called that were composed of the workers and soldiers?
what did the Red secret police or cheka begin doing?
a red terror campaign to destroy those who opposed the new empire
why did the germans dislike the treaty of Versailles?
they felt that it was a harsh peace
what drove france's approach to peace?
the desire for national security
what halted the german advance towards paris?
the battle of Marne
what did italy do by attacking austria in may 1915?
betrayed Germany and austria
under whose leadership did the Bolsheviks become a party dedicated to violent revolutions?
who became the spokeperson for a new world order based on democracy and international cooperation?
why was Germany especially unhappy with article 231 of the treaty of versailles?
it declared that Germany and Austria were responsible for starting the war
after the war, how did Britain rule Iraq and Palestine?
mandates on behalf of the league of nations, but did not own the territory
what was the purpose of stalin's five year plans?
transform the USSR from an agricultural society into an industrial economy
what was the Kristallnacht?
a destructive Nazi rampage against the Jews
who painted everyday objects but separated them from their normal contexts?
whose literary work included Siddhartha and Steppenworlf?
who was the propaganda minister for Nazi Germany?
what is a period of low economic activity and rising unemployment called?
what was the leading policy making body of the communist party?
james Joyce's novel Ulysses is the most famous example of what?
the "stream of consciousness" technique
what did Kemah attatuk do after successfully establishing the republic of turkey?
introduced many reforms, most of which were kept, even after his death
what document in Nov. 1917 stated Britain's intention to make palestine the national home of the jews?
what vast companies controlled major segmens of the Japanese industrial sector?
what did the communists do in order to fight the larger Nazi party?
began using guerilla tactics
what party controlled the major groups within Mexican society, thereby giving it enormous control over the Mexican presidency?
Institutional Revolutionary Party
what is a more modern term for genocide?
who established the modern state of iran in 1935?
Reza Shah Pahlavi
what was the salt march?
Mohandas Gandhi's march to the sea to protest new British taxes and restrictions on salt
who ordered the killing of thousands of communists in the shanghai massacre?
what was chiang kai-seks new life movement?
attempt to promote traditional Confucian values while rejecting the excessive individualism of Western capitalism
who was the radical party leader elected president of argentina in 1916?
hitler demanded and was given what area in Czechoslovakia?
what did the Japanese do on December 7, 1941?
launched a surprise attack on the US pacific fleet at pearl harbor
who administered the Nazi's final solution?
what did the Nazis do when the einsatzgruppen was too slow?
built special extermination camps in poland
what did stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill agree to do at the Tehran conference?
to partition of postwar germany
what did the allies agree to do at the Yalta conference?
establish a united nations organization after the war
a civil war where in 1946 contributed to tensions between the soviet union and great Britain?
what was the marshall plan designed to do?
restore the economic stability of European nations after WWII
US fears about the spread of communism were increased when what country became a communist nation in 1949?
what nation was a member of the warsaw pact?
what communist leader initiated the prague spring in a series of reforms in Czechoslovakia in 1968?
in 1970 where were four students killed by the ohio national guard?
kent state university
what did the Truman doctrine provide for nations threatened by communists?
what was the council for mutual economic assistance established for?
the soviet unions response to the marshall plan
which nations joined NATO several years after it was founded?
what did the warsaw pact seek to do?
create a military alliance between the soviet union and various eastern European nations
which communist nation remained independent of soviet control?
which nation experienced an economic miracle after WWII?
how did French president Charles de Gaulle attempt to return France to the status of a world power?
investing heavily in nuclear weapons
one of the most serious problems facing gorbachev's reforms was what?
the multiethnic republics
the policy that the soviet union had a right to intervene if communism was threatened in another communist nation was known as what?
why did attacks on foreigners become common in Germany during the 1990's?
increased unemployment made many germans angry that foreigners may have been taking jobs away
which US president was forced to resign to avoid impeachment for his involvement in the Watergate scandal?
US president jimmy carter faced a serious international crisis when 52 americans were held hostage in which country?
what in Latin America was strongly influenced by international styles after WWII?
art and architechture
what significant event occurred on January 3, 1959?
Cuba government was overthrown by Castro's forces
revolutionary leader che Guevara was killed while fighting in which country?
which general overthrew salvador Allende to become a military dictator in chile in 1973?
on January 3, 1959, fidel castros forces overthrew the government led by whom?
after what event did the US break diplomatic relations with cuba?
Cuba began receiving aid from the soviet union and arms from eastern europe
who overthrew the government of Nicaragua but later lost control of the country in free elections?
the goal of the Peruvian guerilla group shining path was to what?
smash all authority and create a classless society
which south African bishop won the nobel peace prize in 1984?
the camp david accords led to a peace treaty between Israel and which nation?
which African nation was the first to gain independence from british colonial rule?
what does the term intifada, used to describe Palestinian protests for an independent arab state, mean?
which nation held 52 americans hostage for over a year?
tensions between iran and Iraq have been fueled by what?
disputes over territory
many middle eastern muslims see Islamic revivalism as what?
movement to reassert muslim identity and morals
what did the little red book describe?
Mao Zedong's plans to create a proletarian culture
the four modernizations policy advocated by Deng Xiapong focused on developments in what areas?
industry, agriculture, technology, and national defense
what religion are the people of Pakistan primarily members of?
the republic of Indonesia was formerly a colony of which nation?
what does the term zaibatsu refer to?
large business conglomerations in Japan
name the nations that make up the "Asian Tigers"
south korea, Taiwan, Singapore, hong kong
why did China become involved in the Korean War?
US troops invaded North Korea
which nation's economic system has been described as "state capitalism"?
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