80 terms

firefighting terms

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accelerant
a substance used to aid the spread of fire
air tank
cylinder used to provide oxygen
alarm
a loud noise and/or flashing lights that signals an emergency
arson
criminal action of starting a fire
ashes
what's left once the fire is out
axe
a tool used for chopping wood
backfire
a fire started deliberately to stop the progress of an approaching fire by creating a burned area in its path
badge
a small piece of metal, plastic, or cloth bearing a design or words, typically worn to identify a person or to indicate membership of an organization or support for a cause
barricade
an improvised barrier erected to prevent access into a dangerous area
battalion
a large organized group of people pursuing a common aim
battle
struggle tenaciously to achieve or resist something
blackened
make or become black or dark, especially as a result of burning, decay, or bruising
blaze
a very large or fiercely burning fire
bravery
courageous behaviour or character
burn
be or cause to be destroyed by fire; an injury caused by exposure to heat or flame.
bystander
a person who is present at an event or incident but does not take part
carabiner
a D -shaped ring with a spring catch on one side, used for fastening ropes in climbing
catastrophe
an event causing great and usually sudden damage or suffering; a disaster
chain reaction
a chemical reaction or other process in which the products themselves promote or spread the reaction
char
partially burn so as to blacken the surface
collapse
(of a structure) suddenly fall down or give way
command
the ability to use or control something
conflagration
an extensive fire which destroys a great deal of land or property.
contain
A moderately aggressive wildfire suppression strategy which can be expected to keep the fire within established boundaries of constructed firelines under prevailing conditions
control
An inclusive term for all constructed or natural barriers and treated (retardant) fire edges used to control a fire
coveralls
overalls; clothes worn for protection over normal clothes
crackle
make a rapid succession of short sharp noises.
crawl
move forward on the hands and knees or by dragging the body close to the ground
crew
a group of people who work closely together
Dalmatian
dog and mascot normally associated with firefighters
deliberate fire
a fire caused with intent by a human
deploy
move (firefighters) into position for action
dispatch
the sending of someone or something to a destination or for a purpose
douse
extinguish (a fire or light)
drill
instruction or training with military precision
embers
a small piece of burning or glowing coal or wood in a dying fire.
encroach
advance gradually beyond usual or acceptable limits
engine
Any ground vehicle providing specified levels of pumping, water, and hose capacity
engulf
fire sweep over (something) so as to surround or cover it completely
escape route
a planned means of escape from a dangerous situation
explosion
a violent shattering or blowing apart of something, as is caused by a bomb
explosive
a substance which can be made to explode, especially any of those used in bombs or shells
extinguish
cause (a fire or light) to cease to burn
extinguisher
a portable device that discharges a jet of water, foam, gas, or other material to extinguish a fire
fire hook
a short pole with a hooked metal head used in fire fighting for tearing down walls or ceilings
firehouse
a fire station
fire hydrant
a source of water provided by municipal water service
fireproof
able to withstand fire or great heat
firestorm
A firestorm is a conflagration with such intensity that it creates and sustains its own wind system
fire truck
a vehicle carrying firefighters and equipment for fighting large fires
flame
a hot glowing body of ignited gas that is generated by something on fire
flashpoint
the temperature at which a particular organic compound gives off sufficient vapour to ignite in air
foam
a mass of small bubbles used in firefighting
gauge
an instrument that measures and gives a visual display of the amount, level, or contents of something
glow
a steady radiance of light or heat
heat
the quality of being hot; high temperature.
helmet
a hard hat that is worn to protect the head
hose
a flexible tube conveying water, used chiefly for watering plants and in firefighting
ignite
catch fire or cause to catch fire
ignition
the action of setting something on fire or starting to burn
incendiary
an incendiary bomb or device.
inferno
a large fire that is dangerously out of control
inflammable
a substance which is easily set on fire.
ladder
a piece of equipment used for climbing up or down something
ladder truck
a piece of mobile fire apparatus carrying ladders and usually other firefighting and rescue equipment
nozzle
a cylindrical or round spout at the end of a pipe, hose, or tube used to control a jet of gas or liquid
plumes
a long cloud of smoke or vapour resembling a feather as it spreads from its point of origin
pump
force (liquid, gas, etc.) to move by or as if by means of a pump.
respirator
an air mask that allows breathing in smokey environments
scorch
burn the surface of (something) with flame or heat.
siren
a device that makes a loud prolonged signal or warning sound
smoke detector
smoke alarm; a fire-protection device that automatically detects and gives a warning of the presence of smoke
smother
extinguish (a fire) by covering it
sparks
emit sparks of fire or electricity
sprinkler
a device that sprays water
turnout gear
bunker gear; system of outer protective clothing
lookouts
safety personnel positioned to monitor the location and behavior of a fire, ready to signal a crew to escape
mop-up
extinguishing or removing burning material near control lines after an area has burned to make a fire safe
wildfire
unplanned, unwanted wildland fire, including unauthorized human-caused fires, escaped wildland fire use events, escaped prescribed fire projects, lightning strikes, downed power lines, and all other wildland fires where the objective is to put the fire out
prescribed burn
controlled burn; deliberately ignited fire for the purpose of forest management
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