religious and political freedom
Congress cannot make a law that violates these rights: freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, the right to assemble peacefully, and the right to petition the government.
right to bear arms
People have the right to have weapons. A well-regualated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms. shall not be infringed.
no quartering of troops
Soldiers cannot be housed in people's homes unless law approves it.
search and seizure
The government cannot search of seize a person's property without (upon probable cause) a warrant...the government cannot force its way inside.
rights of accused persons
A person cannot be put on trial without knowing why. No double jeopardy. A person cannot be deprived of life, liberty, and property without due process. A person does not have to testify against him/herself.
right to a speedy and public trial
A defendant has a right to a fast, public trial in the state and district where the crime was committed. Also right to know charges against him and be faced by his accuser. And, the right to have legal defense, and witness in his favor.
trial by jury in civil cases
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed $20, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
limits of fines and punishment
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
rights of the people
Time out! Any rights not put in writing, are reserved for the people. We have more rights than those listed.
powers reserved for the states
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.
Powers not given to the federal government by the Constitution are hit back to the states or the people.