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1st amendment

religious and political freedom

Congress cannot make a law that violates these rights: freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, the right to assemble peacefully, and the right to petition the government.

2nd amendment

right to bear arms

People have the right to have weapons. A well-regualated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms. shall not be infringed.

3rd amendment

no quartering of troops

Soldiers cannot be housed in people's homes unless law approves it.

4th amendment

search and seizure

The government cannot search of seize a person's property without (upon probable cause) a warrant...the government cannot force its way inside.

5th amendment

rights of accused persons

A person cannot be put on trial without knowing why. No double jeopardy. A person cannot be deprived of life, liberty, and property without due process. A person does not have to testify against him/herself.

6th amendment

right to a speedy and public trial

A defendant has a right to a fast, public trial in the state and district where the crime was committed. Also right to know charges against him and be faced by his accuser. And, the right to have legal defense, and witness in his favor.

7th amendment

trial by jury in civil cases

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed $20, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

8th amendment

limits of fines and punishment

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

9th amendment

rights of the people

Time out! Any rights not put in writing, are reserved for the people. We have more rights than those listed.

10th amendment

powers reserved for the states

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.

Powers not given to the federal government by the Constitution are hit back to the states or the people.

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