75 terms

test 3

A decline in voting and popular participation helps to increase the power of the president.
A) True
B) False
One drawback of devolution is that
the standards associated with particular programs become increasingly variable between states.
a policy to remove a program from one level of government by delegating it or passing it down to a lower level of government, such as from the national government to the state and local governments
When the president infers powers from the "rights, duties and obligations" of the presidency, these are called
inherent powers
the individual or organization that brings a complaint in court
The jurisdiction of each federal court is derived from
the Constitution and federal law.
Who has the most real power in the Senate?
the majority and minority leaders
By the 2004 election, the representation of women and minorities in Congress was roughly comparable to their proportions in the general population.
A tactic used by the US Senate to prevent action on legislation they oppose by continuously holding the floor and speaking until the majority breaks down
Why is the Supreme Court case of Marbury v. Madison important?
In this case, the Court authorized itself to exercise judicial review over laws passed by Congress.
Who is the Speaker of the House?
The elected leader of the majority party in the House is the Speaker.
The framers were concerned that a directly elected president would become too powerful.
Devolution may lead to disparities in services throughout the different states.
A negotiated agreement in a criminal case in which a defendant agrees to plead guilty in return for the state's agreement to reduce the severity of the criminal charge or prison sentence the defendant is facing
plea bargain
Which of the following statements about the U.S. Courts of Appeals is incorrect?
A) The appeals courts were created by Congress, not by the Constitution.
B) The appeals courts are able to hear all cases involving federal law, but not constitutional law.
D) There are more than ten appeals courts in the United States.
E) Except for cases selected for review by the Supreme Court, decisions made by an appeals court are final.
Each year, the Supreme Court receives about ______ appeals and hears about ______ of them in full court.
9,500; 70
Devolution describes a process by which
the federal government is downsized by delegating the implementation of programs to state and local governments.
The use of taxing and spending powers to shape the economy is part of __________ policy.
When are the president's partisan ties most important?
in dealing with Congress on legislative matters
The rise of national conventions to nominate the president led to the empowerment of what group?
state party leaders
If a private individual brought a suit against a corporation for breaking a contract, what kind of law would this involve?
Who stated, in his 1996 State of the Union address, that "the era of big government is over"?
Bill Clinton
After the president and the vice president, which office is next in the line of succession?
Speaker of the House
Which of the following is not an independent regulatory agency?
Cases between two or more states are originally heard by
D) the Supreme Court.
What is the principal job of the Department of Homeland Security?
to coordinate the communication and activities of federal agencies that are involved in domestic security
Which of the following is not a type of federal agency?
state and local oversight
How long is the term of office for a U.S. senator?
six years
Having a legislative assembly composed of two chambers or houses
Which of the following statements concerning the representation of women and minorities in the United States Congress is true?
The groups of advisers and analysts to the president are collectively called the
A standing committee usually has a parallel department or agency within the executive branch.
Who has authority to set interest rates and lending activities for the nation's banks?
the Federal Reserve System
Organizational reforms instituted by Congress in the 1970s attempted to
The practice whereby the president, before formally nominating a person for a federal judgeship, seeks the indication that senators from the candidate's own state support the nomination
Which of the following is the best description of an iron triangle?
the stable relationship between a bureaucratic agency, a clientele group, and a legislative committee
Congressional leaders form __________ committees when they want to take up an issue that falls between the jurisdiction of existing committees, to highlight an issue, or to investigate a particular problem.
Congress has created a single federal appellate court for each of the fifty states.
The most significant example of devolution in recent decades has been in the area of
welfare policy.
The role the House of Representatives plays in impeachments can best be compared with that of a
The frequency with which they must seek re-election makes members of the House
more responsive to the needs of local interest groups in the districts they represent.
Since the 1930s, Congress has delegated far less authority to the president than in earlier eras.
The doctrine of ______ requires courts to follow authoritative prior decisions when ruling on a case.
The power of the Supreme Court to review state actions and legislation comes from
The last time Congress declared war was with North Korea in 1950.
The two presidents to be impeached by the House of Representatives were __________ and Bill Clinton.
Andrew Johnson
All of the following have been uses of the president's power of amnesty or pardon except
When Dwight Eisenhower sent federal troops into Little Rock High School in 1957, it demonstrated that
A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect and formal status of legislation
What is required for Congress to override a presidential veto?
The __________ asserted that the president could send American troops into action abroad only in the event of a declaration of war or other statutory authorization by Congress, or if American troops were attacked or directly endangered.
Judicial review over acts of Congress was established by Marbury v. Madison.
What is the general tendency of a president's popularity?
removing all or part of a program from the public sector to the private sector
Which of the following is the most constitutionally essential way to make the bureaucracy responsible?
congressional oversight
The president's constitutional power to turn down acts of Congress
Three factors related to the American electoral system affect who is elected to office in this country, and what they do once they get there. Those factors are
who decides to run for office, incumbency, and the drawing of district lines.
Which of the following is part of the Miranda rule?
Arrested people have the right to remain silent.
Why did many Republicans oppose President Obama's nomination of Sonia Sotomayor to the Supreme Court?
Fifty percent of lower federal court cases are accepted for review by the courts of appeals.
The sphere of a court's power and authority
The ratio of federal employees to the total United States workforce has gone up in the last half century.
The determination of the time and structure of floor debate on a bill is up to the
Oversight is an important legislative check on the executive branch.
When the federal government passes authority to administer a program down to state or local governments, it is called
Specific powers granted by the Constitution to Congress and to the President
The power of the courts to review, and if necessary, declare an action of the legislature and executive branches unconstitutional
judicial review
Ronald Reagan's inability to dismantle the Department of Education reflects the power of
iron triangles.
The size of the U.S. Supreme Court is set by
The National Security Council is composed of all of the following, except the
Most cases reach the Supreme Court through the
B) writ of certiorari
The branch of law that deals with disputes that do not involve criminal penalties
As of 2008, how many women serve in the U.S. Senate?
a legislative practice whereby agreements are made between legislators in voting for or against a bill
the one against whom a complaint it brought in a criminal or civil case