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weidner final exam
Terms in this set (46)
what is the literal meaning of the word "gospel"?
literally means "good news", preached by Jesus and recorded in the four canonical gospels
what does the kerygma include?
preaching to unbelievers, only the high points of Jesus's ministry
what is the liturgy?
the worship of the Christians
what is the rule of faith?
it is the tool used to decide whether or not later writings about Jesus will be included in the canon, the gospels had to pass this test before being admitted into the canon
how is the rule of faith used?
it compares documents about Jesus and decides if the are a factual representation of Jesus, and make sure that the writings are in accordance with the teachings of the church
can biased documents give us truth about historical events
yes, just because a source is biased doesn't meant that it is not factual, it just gives a different perspective on history and the way people view it
3 stages of the formation of the gospels
1. public life and teachings of jesus (4-6 B.C. - AD 30-33)
2. oral tradition and preaching of gospels an early disciples of Jesus (AD 30-50)
3. written gospels themselves (AD 50-c.a. 120)
3 reasons why oral tradition had to be written down
1. world wasn't ending as fast as everyone thought it would
2. distortions were setting in
3. more instruction was needed
where do we find tradition in the church today (3 words)
teaching, life, and worship
literal and spiritual senses: how to apply them and what they are
spiritual: how the holy spirit can speak to us beyond the literal sense through the scriptures
allegorical sense: how events prefigure Christ
moral sense: how the events of scripture can help us act more justly
anagogical sense: how scripture points us towards our final destination- heaven
what is the primary meaning of the "Word of God"?
means the Bible, based on the living word of God, Jesus
is christianity a religion of the book?
no, it is a religion based on the living, incarnate word of God: Jesus
what group is the name "Palestine" based on?
Who gave the region this name?
what is a "Targum"?
aramaic translation of hebrew scriptures
where was jesus born?
where did jesus grow up?
where did jesus do most of his public ministry?
what city served as jesus's home and headquarters during his public ministry?
in what city and region was the Jewish capital and temple located in
where could jews legally sacrifice animals
3 main purposes/uses for synagogues
house of worship, town hall, and school
King Herod the Great
he accomplished many building projects, he killed most of his family including one of his wives and several of his sons, and he was not actually great, he was very cruel
What world power occupied Palestine during the 1st century A.D.?
differences between pharisees and saduccees
pharisees- middle class, not priests; center of influence was the synagogue; accepted the torah, writings (historical books), & prophets (mostly OT prophets); taught extensive and authoritative oral tradition; and believe in angels, resurrection and existence of a soul
saduccees- aristocrats, mostly priests; center of influence was the temple; only accepted the Torah (first five books of the Bible); did not teach any oral tradition; and did not believe in angels, resurrection, or the existence of a soul
what was the sanhedrin?
71 members of the legislative and judicial body, mostly saduccees
high and low:
high- although jesus was born as a human, he is also fully devine and also God
low- christ was born as a human into the jewish culture
jesus (the word) becoming flesh
the "self-emptying" of the son (the second person of the trinity) that occurs when he adds to himself a human nature through the incarnation for ex. see Phil 2: 6-8
hypothetical source used by matthew and luke, but not mark
"seen together"- bibles that are almost identical in stories- Matthew, Mark, and Luke
the call of human beings to become - by the grace of Christ- like God
1st bible written according to Biblical scholars?
wrote to theophilus
Luke audience; For all Christians throughout the Mediterranean world—esp. Gentiles
also wrote the acts of the apostles
5 books to link jesus to moses
Mark 1: 15
This is the time of fulfillment. The Kingdom is at hand. Repent and believe in the gospel.
who is the suffering servant?
Lk 4:14-30: Why do the people in the synagogue at Nazareth want to throw Jesus out of town? (2 reasons)
Jesus proclaims himself as the one spoken of in Isaiah 61:1-2 and the people are amazed by him. Jesus argues that no prophet is accepted in his own country, then gives examples as proof. Everyone gets mad at Jesus as he said they would. He is saying he is the Messiah and the people think it is Blasphemous. Before he was claiming to be just a wise rabbi, now he is claiming to be the Messiah. Jesus is claiming himself as a prophet- so the people don't immediately believe him
He thinks the people will not believe him until they see it done, he is sensing a lack of faith.
Gentiles are helped by the prophets mentioned, not Jews because typically they immediately believed more than jews did, therefore Jesus is saying that he is here for the Gentiles not the people in the synagogue.
He is almost setting the Jews up for disappointment, making them feel jealous, rejected, put-off
Jesus is taking an opportunity to let them know its not just israelites for his plan, and he does this by referring to their own prophets
Who is "the Word" and what does "the Word" do? (Jn 1)
jesus is the word, and the word is with god and is god, and through him all things came and life, and life was the human race
Earliest generation in Matthew's and Luke's genealogies?
Structure of Matthew's genealogy (how many sets of how many people?) and its significance?
3 sets of 14 to link jesus to david because in the hebrew alphabet D=4V=6D=4, 4+6+4=14
Significance of specific women in Matthew's genealogy?
all the women in matthew's geneaology were not perfect, some were prostitutes and cheaters, but it showed that even the great Kings came from weird birth circumstances, so Jesus's weird circumstances were not that uncommon
possible meanings of lord and son of god
high person of authority, israelites, or god himself
how does annunciation point to Mary's perpetual virginity
she answers in present tense
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