The outcome of three interrelated developments: rapid improvements in transportation, commercialization, and industrialization
Production of goods in private homes under the supervision of a merchant who "put out" the raw materials, paid a certain sum per finished piece, and sold the completed item to a distant market.
A technique of production pioneered in the United States that relied on precision manufacturing with the use of interchangeable parts.
Middle-class women were expected to counteract the impersonality and hypocrisy of the business world by the example of their own morality and sincere feeling, so they turned to the new literary form, the sentimental novel
Middle-class men, in particular, needed to feel comfortable about their public assertions of individualism and self- interest.