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Section 3:The Ming and Qing Dynasties

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Kublai Khan
Founded the Yuan Dynasty in 1279
Zhu Yuanzhang
overthrew last Mongal emperor, took title of Hongwu
Hongwu
"Vastly Martial"
Hongwu founded
Ming Dynasty
Ming
Brilliant
Yonglo
son of Hungwu/Zhu Yuanzhang
Beijing
Yonglo moved the Ming dynasties capital to this city
Sponsored
oversea voyages
Zheng He
Chinease Muslim Admiral, led 7 voyages (around the Indian Ocean)
Junks
Trading ships
emperors' decision to isolate
arrival of European traders, Christian Missionaries
Matteo Ricci
Italian Jesuit Priest, become accepted into Ming Court was highly respected
Great Wall
Ming Restored/built during Ming Dynasty
Reasons for Ming's Decline
weak rulers, increased corruption, defense efforts drained treasury, High Taxes, crop failure
Manchu
overtook Ming Dynasty, Captured Beijing, named it Qing dynasty
Qing Dynasty
ruled from 1644-1911, grew to its largest size in history
Kangxi
flourished the Qing Dynasty, ruled from 1661-1772
Quinlong
grandson of Kangxi, brought the empire to its height, ruled from 1736-1796
Lord George Macartney
went to China to discuss expanding trade, didn't show respect by kowtowing so was sent away
Kowtowing
kneeling in front of the emperor and touching the forehead to the ground nine times
Cao Zhan
wrote Dream of the Red Chamber, considered Chinas Greatest Novel
Dream of the Red Chamber
examines the decline of an upperclass chinease family
Ming Artisians
Produced equisite blue and white Porcelain
Porcelain
valuable trade item (especially with Europe)