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psych chapt 16 & 17
Terms in this set (36)
In the treatment of patients, which of the following psychologists do not attempt to offer formal diagnosis, advice or interpretation of patients' unconscious motives?
A person leaves her current home, moves to a new location, takes on a new identity, and has little or no memory of her former life. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR), which of the following diagnoses is most appropriate?
Which of the following has been most effective in the treatment of schizophrenia?
Drug therapy that blocks neurotransmitter sites
An individual survives a period of captivity and exhibits behaviors that include anxiety, inability to concentrate, depression, edginess, and the reexperience of stressful events. These symptoms illustrate which of the following disorders?
According to Carl Rogers, the role of the therapist in person-centered psychotherapy is to
Accept the client unconditionally so that the client's own desire for mental health and positive growth will flourish
Which of the following behavior-therapy techniques is typically used to reduce fear of heights?
According to the psychoanalytic view, depression is caused by
Unresolved experiences of loss from childhood
Behavior therapists emphasize which of the following in their treatment of clients?
Responses that have been reinforced in the past
Dr. Williams is a therapist who believes that his client's depression is caused by internalized anger and other intrapsychic conflicts. Of which psychological perspective is Dr. Williams most likely a proponent?
Aaron Beck suggested that negative beliefs cause depression. To help change these negative beliefs, Beck used which of the following therapies?
Intense artificial light is most successfully used as therapy for
Seasonal Affective Disorder
Contemporary definitions of abnormality might include all of the following criteria EXCEPT
Phobic and panic disturbances are examples of which of the following kinds of disorder
An individual who sees and feels imaginary spiders crawling on his arms and legs is experiencing
Rhoda sometimes experiences periods of major depression. At other times, she is extremely talkative and active, appears to be in a euphoric mood, goes days without sleeping, and reports that her thoughts are racing. The most likely
If a man who is a heavy smoker is given an electric shock every time he takes a puff on a cigarette, which of the following behavior-modification techniques is being used?
Prozac functions as an antidepressant medication because it
Blocks the reuptake of the neurotransmitter serotonin
Which of the following best characterizes individual diagnosed as having personality disorders?
They may function reasonably well in society
Kevin laughs when others are injured by his thoughtless pranks and shows little regard for the feelings or well-being of others. He has been in trouble with the police and other authority figures a number of times. Which of the following disorders would best describe Kevin's behavior?
Antisocial personality disorder
The goal of rational-emotive therapy is to help clients
Correct self-defeating thoughts about their lives
Which of the following best represents a humanistic explanation for an anxiety disorders
Anxiety results when an individual experiences a gap between his ideal self and his real self
Which of the following is a characteristic common to all individuals with a narcissistic personality disorder?
An unwarranted sense of self-importance
A somatoform disorder is best described as an illness that
Is physical in nature and caused by psychological factors
A teacher taught her students to take turns by giving them stars to trade for snacks at the end of the day. This technique is called
A college student experiences a loss of sensation in her right arm before exams. Doctors can find no physiological basis for her condition. This student is most likely experiencing which of the following kinds of disorders?
Which of the following therapeutic approaches is most likely to be criticized because it does not treat the underlying cause of the disorder?
Which of the following is true of persons with schizophrenia?
They typically experience onset in late adolescence or early adulthood
For several weeks— ever since she did not receive a raise that was given to several colleagues— Enid has lacked energy, has been unable to go to work, and has expected bad things to happen every day. Of the following, she is most likely experiencing
Multiple personality is a type of
Psychotic disorders frequently involve perceptions of nonexistent sensory stimulation, such as voices. Symptoms such as these are called
Client: "I've been feeling totally worthless, I never do anything right." Therapist: "I guess you feel that way a lot, don't you? That you're no good. It's hard to have feelings like that." Which of the following types of therapy would be likely to involve the exchange above?
Although it can produce undesirable side effects, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been shown to be most effective in the treatment of
Distrust of others is symptomatic of
Which of the following forms of therapy most likely involves a confrontation atmosphere between the therapist and the client?
Which of the following treatments is most frequently used to eliminate specific phobias?
A man who experiences sudden blindness on witnessing the death of his wife is probably suffering from a
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