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Intro to Communications-Final-Dean Weidert

STUDY
PLAY
Wi-Fi
wireless fidelity
mass media industries
books, newspapers, magazines, recordings, radio, movies, television, internet
subscription television
A new term used to describe consumer services delivered by cable and satellite television.
concentration of ownership
The current trend of large companies buying smaller companies so that fewer companies own more types of media businesses.
FCC
Federal Communications Commission
affiliates
Stations that use network programming but are owned by companies other than the networks
conglomerates
Companies that own media companies as well as businesses that are unrelated to the media business.
vertical integration
An attempt by one company to simultaneously control several related aspects of the media business
convergence
the melding of the communications, computer and electronics industries; the economic alignment of the various media companies with each other to take advantage of technological advancements
deregulation
government action that reduces and/or ends government control of an industry
message pluralism
the availability to an audience of a variety of information and entertainment sources
pictograph
a picture of an object that is used to convey an idea
phonetic writing
use os symbols to represent sounds
interactive
a message system that allows senders and receivers to communicate simultaneously
digital communication
data in a form that can be transmitted and received automatically
ISP
Internet Service Provider
bundles
A collection of programs and/or media services offered together for a set free.
selective perception
concept that each person processes messages differently
Benjamin Franklin
first circulation library in America
Common Sense
Thomas Paine
Pamela
first novel published in U.S.
dime novels
America's earliest paperbacks
Mark Twain
sold novels door-to-door
International Copyright Law of 1891
all authors-- American and foreign had to give permission to publish their works
Robert de Graff
America's first series of paperback bestsellers, Pocket Books
New American Library (NAL)
first mass market publisher willing to issue serious books by African American writers
18 months
time it takes to get a book published
royalty
amount the publisher pays an author, based on an established percentage of the book's price; royalties run anywhere from 6 to 15%
advance
amount the publisher pays the author before the book is published
subsidiary rights
rights to market a book for other users to a make a movie or a to print a character from the book on a t-shirt for example
trade books
can be hard or softcover and include not only fiction and most nonfiction but also cookbooks, biographies, art books, coffee-table books, and how-to books
mass market books
Books distributed through "mass" channels- newsstands, chain stores, drugstores, and supermarkets.
blockbuster books
a book that achieves enormous financial success
Publick Occurrences
America's first newspaper
Boston News-Letter
nation's first consecutively issued newsletter
James Franklin
New England Curant, first American newspaper to appear without the crown's "Published by Authority" sanction; began the tradition of an independent press in the U.S.
Benjamin Franklin
proved that a printer could make money without government sanctions or support
seditious language
Language that authorities believe could incite rebellion against the government
libelous
false statement that damages a person by questioning that person's character or reputation
Peter Zenger trial
if it is true, it is not libelous
Stamp Act
taxed publishers a halfpenny for each issue that was a half-sheet or smaller and one penny for a full sheet
alternative, or dissident press
Media that present alternative viewpoints that challenge the mainstream press.
Frederick Douglass
North Star, most important African-American pre-civil war newspaper
William Lloyd Garrison
The Liberator, a weekly abolitionist paper in Boston
Benjamin Day
New York Sun, published news and feature stories for the working class; was able to lower price to a penny by filling paper with advertising and hiring newsboys
New York Sun
first successful penny paper
Penny paper or penny press
A newspaper drops the price of each copy down to a penny and supports the production cost through advertising.
Joseph Pulitzer
published the first newspaper comics; New York Daily News
Randolph Hearst
New York Journal; printed color comics
Yellow Journalism
news that emphasizes crime, sex and violence
tabloid
a small-format newspaper that features large photo graphs and illustrations along with sensational stories
syndicates
news agencies that sell articles for publication to a number of newspapers simultaneously
Saturday Evening Post
reached a wide readership with their general interest content
Godey's Lady Book
first publisher to capitalize on a female audience; Sarah Josepha Hale gave advice to women in it
Postal Act of 1879
Granted second class mailing rates to magazines, giving them low cost distribution through the mail system
muckrakers
investigative magazine journalists who targeted abuses by government and big businesses
Henry Luce
Time magazine
consumer magazines
all magazines sold by subscription or at newsstands, supermarkets and bookstores such as Glamour or Time
trade, technical and professional magazines
magazines dedicated to a particular business or profession
company magazines
Magazines that are produced by businesses for their employees, customers, and stockholders whose main purpose is to promote the company
ABC
Audit Bureau of Circulations, an area of print media market research; verifies and publishes circulation figures for magazines
point-of-purchase magazines
magazines that consumers buy directly, not by subscription
pass-along readership
people who share a magazine with the original recipient
Thomas Edison
phonograph; today's recording industry would not exist without this invention
Peter Goldmark
Long-playing record, could play for 23 minutes
Sarnoff
introduced 45 rpm long-playing records
ASCAP
American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers; first licensing organization
BMI
Broadcast Music Inc.
RIAA
Recording Industry Association of America; urged its members to either provide a warning label or to print lyrics on albums that have potentially offensive content
MGM Studios vs. Grokster
the court said the makers of Grokster, which allowed Internet users to browse freely and copy songs from each other, could be sued for their role in helping people violate recording industry copyright protections
Samuel Morse
What hath God wrought?
Alexander Graham Bell
Mr. Watson, come here. I want you.
Lee de Forest
called himself the father of radio because he perfected a glass bulb called the Audion
Frank Conrad
nation's first commercial radio station
ASCAP
American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers
blanket licensing agreement
An arrangement whereby radio stations become authorized to use recorded music for broadcast by paying a fee
Radio Act of 1927
formed the Radio Commission under the jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce
FCC
Federal Communications Commission; regulate the expanding wireless medium
H.G. Wells
War of the Worlds
network
a collection of stations (radio or television) that offers programs, usually simultaneously throughout the country, during designated times
Edwin H. Armstrong
broadcast using his new technique, frequency modulation (FM)
BMI
Broadcast Music Inc., a cooperative music listening organization
drive-time-audiences
people who listen to the radio in their cars during 6 to 9 am and 4 to 7 pm
payola
The practice of accepting payment to play specific recordings on the air
cross-ownership
The practice of one company owning radio and TV stations in the same broadcast market
Telecommunications Act of 1996
first major overhaul broadcast communication
narrowcasting
segmenting the radio audience