A new term used to describe consumer services delivered by cable and satellite television.
concentration of ownership
The current trend of large companies buying smaller companies so that fewer companies own more types of media businesses.
Companies that own media companies as well as businesses that are unrelated to the media business.
An attempt by one company to simultaneously control several related aspects of the media business
the melding of the communications, computer and electronics industries; the economic alignment of the various media companies with each other to take advantage of technological advancements
the availability to an audience of a variety of information and entertainment sources
International Copyright Law of 1891
all authors-- American and foreign had to give permission to publish their works
New American Library (NAL)
first mass market publisher willing to issue serious books by African American writers
amount the publisher pays an author, based on an established percentage of the book's price; royalties run anywhere from 6 to 15%
rights to market a book for other users to a make a movie or a to print a character from the book on a t-shirt for example
can be hard or softcover and include not only fiction and most nonfiction but also cookbooks, biographies, art books, coffee-table books, and how-to books
mass market books
Books distributed through "mass" channels- newsstands, chain stores, drugstores, and supermarkets.
New England Curant, first American newspaper to appear without the crown's "Published by Authority" sanction; began the tradition of an independent press in the U.S.
taxed publishers a halfpenny for each issue that was a half-sheet or smaller and one penny for a full sheet
alternative, or dissident press
Media that present alternative viewpoints that challenge the mainstream press.
New York Sun, published news and feature stories for the working class; was able to lower price to a penny by filling paper with advertising and hiring newsboys
Penny paper or penny press
A newspaper drops the price of each copy down to a penny and supports the production cost through advertising.
a small-format newspaper that features large photo graphs and illustrations along with sensational stories
news agencies that sell articles for publication to a number of newspapers simultaneously
Godey's Lady Book
first publisher to capitalize on a female audience; Sarah Josepha Hale gave advice to women in it
Postal Act of 1879
Granted second class mailing rates to magazines, giving them low cost distribution through the mail system
all magazines sold by subscription or at newsstands, supermarkets and bookstores such as Glamour or Time
trade, technical and professional magazines
magazines dedicated to a particular business or profession
Magazines that are produced by businesses for their employees, customers, and stockholders whose main purpose is to promote the company
Audit Bureau of Circulations, an area of print media market research; verifies and publishes circulation figures for magazines
Recording Industry Association of America; urged its members to either provide a warning label or to print lyrics on albums that have potentially offensive content
MGM Studios vs. Grokster
the court said the makers of Grokster, which allowed Internet users to browse freely and copy songs from each other, could be sued for their role in helping people violate recording industry copyright protections
Lee de Forest
called himself the father of radio because he perfected a glass bulb called the Audion
blanket licensing agreement
An arrangement whereby radio stations become authorized to use recorded music for broadcast by paying a fee
a collection of stations (radio or television) that offers programs, usually simultaneously throughout the country, during designated times
The practice of one company owning radio and TV stations in the same broadcast market