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Ch 7 - Abdomen
Terms in this set (34)
The specialized supportive tissue that functions to encase the intestines and attach them to the abdominal wall:
The specialized supportive tissue that attaches the lesser curvature of the stomach and duodenum to the liver:
The superior portion of the greater omentum that connects the diaphragm and the posterior aspect of the fundus and esophagus:
The peritoneal spaces divided by the mesentery of the small intestine:
Left and right infracolic spaces
This peritoneal ligament is NOT related to the liver:
Phrenocolic ligament - connects the left (splenic) flexure of the colon to the diaphragm
The anatomic structure that divides the peritoneal spaces into 2 main compartments:
The peritoneal space located between the descending colon and the left abdominal wall:
Left paracolic gutter
Which retroperitoneal space contains the ascending and descending colon, pancreas, and duodenum?
Anterior pararenal space
Which retroperitoneal space contains the left kidney and adrenal gland?
Left perirenal space
The primary structure that divides the retroperitoneal spaces:
Renal (Gerota's) fascia
The apron portion of the greater omentum that is attached to the transverse colon:
The most anterior portion of the stomach:
The spleen is located ________ to the stomach.
These lobes are seen only on the visceral aspect of the liver:
The neck and body of the gallbladder are more ________ than the fundus.
posterior and superior
The upper portion of the stomach is termed the:
The ileum of the small intestine empties into the ______ and is the _______ portion of the small intestine.
This artery is NOT a branch of the celiac trunk:
The celiac trunk does NOT supply this organ:
Jejunum of small intestine
Which branch of the abdominal aorta branches off of the anterior just below the celiac trunk?
Superior mesenteric artery
The superior mesenteric artery supplies:
*Majority of the small intestine
*Right side of the large intestine
The lymph nodes that drain the organs are in the ______ group.
The lymph nodes of the abdomen are clustered near the:
Abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava
The following are tributaries of the inferior vena cava:
*Inferior phrenic veins
The _____ veins contribute to the superior vena cava.
The most superior paired parietal branches of the abdominal aorta are the ________ arteries.
Which vessels join to form the inferior vena cava?
Common iliac veins
Which superior paired visceral branches of the abdominal aorta supply the adrenal glands?
Middle suprarenal arteries
4 muscles of the anterior and lateral walls of the abdomen include:
The insertion points of the internal oblique muscles of the abdomen are on the:
Lower 3 ribs
The insertion points of the external oblique muscles of the abdomen are on the:
Linea alba and iliac crest
The action of the pyramidalis muscle is to:
Tense the linea alba
Which abdominal wall muscle acts to flex the trunk?
The oblique muscles (internal and external) of the abdominal wall act to:
*Compress the abdominal viscera
*Flex and rotate the spine
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Ch 6 - Thorax
cross sectional final
Ch 4 - Vertebral Column
Ch 1 - Internal Landmarks Table
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