How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

92 terms

Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
Suspension
Fine undissolved solid particles of a drug suspended with a liquid
Emulsion
A mixture of two liquids not mutually soluble
Solution
A liquid drug containing a dissolved substance
Tincture
A solution that contains an alcohol and water base, used topically
Elixir
A sweetened, aromatic solution with an alcohol and water base
Syrup
A concentrated solution of sugar water and flavoring with no alcohol
Liquid Sprays
A solution of a drug administered as an aerosol or spray
Foam
A mixture of finely divided gas bubbles interspersed in a liquid
Drugs
Any chemical substance taken into the body for the purpose of affecting the body's function
DNA
A distinctive pattern of bands which aid in the identification of the origin of tissues and body fluids
Carcinogen
Any substance or agent that produces or increases the risk of developing cancer in humans and animals
Systemic
The ability to be absorbed throughout the body
Local
The effect is limited to the area of the body where it is administered
Oral
Administered through the mouth into the gastrointestinal tract
Buccal
Placed between the cheek and the gums
Sublingual
Placed under the tounge
Topical
Applied directly to the skin
Rectal
Administered via the rectum
Vaginal
Used for the application of creams and suppositories
Transdermal
Applied directly to the skin via a porous membrane
Inhalation
Inhaling a drug in the form of a gas or liquid
Subcutaneous
Injection of medication into the fatty layer of tissue
Intramuscular
Injection of medication directly into the muscle
Intravenous
Injection of medication directly into the vein
Intra-articular
Injection of medication directly into the joint
Intracardiac
Injection of medication of medication directly into the heart
Intrathecal
Injection of medication directly into the subarachnoid space.
Adrenergic
Stimulates Berber fibers to release epinephrine
Adrenergic blocker
Blocks the secretion of epinephrine
Analgesic
Suppresses pain without producing sedation
Anesthesia
Loss of feeling and pain
Antibiotic
Destroys bacteria and other pathogenic microorganisms
Anticholinergic
Dries up secretions
Anticogulant
Prevents the formation of blood clots
Anticonvulsant
Reduced the number of seizures in a patient who has epilepsy
Antiemetic
Prevents nausea and vomiting
Antihistamine
Blocks the effect of histamine in an allergic reaction
Anti-inflammatory
Decreases inflammation of the muscular system
Antineoplastic
Prevents the growth of malignant cancerous cells
Cardiovascular agent
Acts on the heart and the blood vessels
Coagulant
Accelerates and promotes blood clotting in the body
Diuretic
Increase urine output
Fibrinolytic
Used to break down the fibrin in a blood clot
Hemostatic
Will enhance clot formation and reduce bleeding
Histamine blocker
Reduces the amount of gastric acid in the stomach
Hormone
Substance originating in an organ or gland used to stimulate and organ
Hypnotic
Induced sleep and insensibility to pain
Muscle Relaxant
To relieve spasms and stiffness of the muscles
Narcotic
Relives severe pain and gives a feeling of euphoria
Oxytocic
Stimulates uterine contractions
Sedative
Produces a soothing or tranquilizing effect
Tranquilizer
Used to treat anxiety, or mental tension
Vasoconstrictor
Used to constrict blood vessels
Vasodiliator
Used to dilate blood vessels
Pathogenic
Capable of producing a disease or infection
Histamine
Causes dilation of blood vessels, tissues swelling and itching
Fibrin
Protein produced by thrombin and fibrinogen
Thrombosis
The presence of a blood clot in the vascular system
Antimicrobial
Agent that destroys or prevents the development of microorganisms
Prophyleaxis
To guard against a disease
Aerobic
An organism hat can only live in the presence of oxygen
Gram negative
A method of identifying a microorganism where the stain is pink
Gram positive
A method of identifying a microorganism where the stain is violet
Antagonist
A substance that counteracts the action of something else
Anesthetic agent
Used locally or topically to produce the absence of sensation
antibiotics
Used to prevent to treat infections
Irrigants
Used to moisten tissue and rinse intraocular lenses
Miotics
Drug used to constrict the pupil
Mydriatics
Drugs used to dilate the pupil
Hypokalemia
Low concentration of potassium in the blood
Synthetic
Drugs that artificially prepared or made
Radiopaque
Impenetrable to x-rays.
Methylene blue
Used for marking the skin and to determine fallopian tube potency
Idigo carmine
Administered intravenously to color urine for evidence of kidney infection
Gentian violet
Used to mark skin incisions, should never be injected
Lugol's solution
Used to stain cervical tissue
Acetic acid
Used to identify areas of cervical dysplasia
Aminophyllin
Used to treat acute and chronic bronchial asthma
Atropine
Used to treat bradycardia
Calcium Chloride
Electrolyte replacement to increase the myocardial contractions
Dantrolene
Muscle relaxant for the treatment of malignant hyperthermia
Digoxin
Used to treat congestive heart failure
Benadryl
Used to treat anaphylactic reactions and asthmatic attacks
Adrenaline
Used to treat anaphylactic reactions and asthmatic attacks
Xylocaine
Used as a local anesthetic agent
Levophed
Used to restore blood pressure
Papaverine
Used to dilate small blood vessels
Potassium
Can cause cardiac irritability if it is not present in the blood
Sodium bicarbonate
Used to treat metabolic acidosis
Varapamil
Used to treat arrhythmias and angima
Spasmolytic
Stops or prevents spasms
Analeptic
Stimulates the central nervous system