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The process by which people act and react in relation to others ia called

social interaction

Which of the following concepts defines who and what we are in relations to others?

role set

Sociologists use which of the following concepts to refer to the behavior people expect of someone who holds a particular status?


Tanya is an excellent artist and enjoys her work, but feels she cannot devote enough time to her family. She is experiencing

role strain

Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and hang out with the workers, but must also keep a personal distance to remain objective in order to asses the workers performance?

role conflict

Flirting is a way of seeing if someone if interested in you without risking rejection, From this perspective flirting insists

the social construction of reality

Which of the following is likely to play a part in the reality we construct through social interaction?

all of the above

The concept "presentation of self" refers to

efforts to create impressions in the minds of others

The careful observer can notice clues that someone is being deceptive. People give off these clues because

nonverbal communication is hard for most people to control

Smiling and making polite remarks to people we do not like is an example of

idealizing a personal performance

Women often take the family name of the man they marry. In sociological terms, this is an example of how language can be used to convey

power over others

The english language often treats as___ whatever has greater value, greater power, or greater significance


Looking at humor from a structural-functional viewpoint, jokes

all of the above

From a social-conflict point of view, jokes

all of the above

Which of the following best describes a "well-told" joke

The unconvential social defintion of a reality given at first, followed by the conventional definition of the reality

Arlie Hochschild's research shows that many companies

try to regulate and control both the behavior and emotions of employees

Which of the following are documented as emotions found all over world

happiness sadness, anger and fear

In terms of dramaturgical analysis, helping another person to "save face" or avoid, embarrassment is called


Personal space is refers to

the surrounding area inwhich an individual makes some claim of privacy

The power relationship between physician an patient is immediately evident when the patient enters the doctor's office because

the patient must wait until a gatekeeper admits them to see the doctor in the office's "back region"

What do sociologists call two of more people who identify with an interact with one another

social group

Imagine you are watching several dozen passengers in an airport gate area waiting to board a plane. these people are an example of


The assembled students at a college graduation ceremony are a

secondary group

Which of the following is the best example of a primary group

carpenters gathering at a worksite

Which of the following is the best example of a secondary group

a family sharing a meal with their neighbors

You are part of a task force with a group leader who has a distant relationship with group members and who is concerned with getting the job done. which typ of leader is he

Instrumental leadership

In your group the leader is skillful at using humor to reduce tension and to lighten serious moments. which typ of leader is he

expressive leader

Which leadership style takes charge of making decisions and makes sure people do what they are told


Jordan is a leader who tends to downplay her position and power, allowing the group to function more or less on its own. which type of leader is she


Which of the following illustrates the operation of "groupthink"

a group seeks consenus and discourages members from speaking freely, resulting in the group making a poor decision

Jake is a member of the bulldogs soccer team. his team's main rival is the tiges. members of the bulldogs put down the tigers all the time. the tigers represent

an outgroup

If you were a prisoner, a maximum security prison would be which of the following types of organization from your point of view

a coercive organization

From the point of view of parents, what type of organization is a school's parent teacher association (PTA)

a normative organization

The emergency room clerk who keeps a bleeding patient waitign while filling out extensive paperwork is a classic example of

bureaucratic alienation

Which of the following is evidence of the "mcdonldizaion of society"

the spread of local food movement

As bureaucracy and computer technology have spread throughout U.S society, privacy

has no legal protection at all

Looking at the list below, all but one of the traits is correctly linked to mcdonaldization. which is not one of the principles of mcdonaldization


What leadership traits have been discribed as making up a "female advantage"

all of the above

In his "iron law of oligarchy" robert michaels stated that bureaucracy always means

the few rule the many

What is robert mertons term for focusing so much on roles and regulations that the organization cannot accomplish its goals

bureaucratic ritualism

Ravi was born into a caste system in a small village in sri lanka. he can expect to

maintain the same social standing as his parents

A college professor who has advanced degrees, modeate salary an little power can be describe as having

high status consistency

The belief that social inequality is fair because social position reflects personal talent and effort is an ideology that is

most widely found in classless societies

A fair criticism of the davis moore thesis is the fact that

it is not so easy to assess the social importance of various jobs

following karl marxs analysis, we would expect to find alienation among which category of people

the working people, or proletariat

Olga works as a regional manager for a small corpation. which of the following categories correctly describes her work

white collar

to impress her friends, laura wears an expensive dress to a party. a sociologist might suggest she is engaging in

conspicuous consumption

being in the upper-upper class is usually the result of ___ being in the lower upper class is more a matter of


In general, people in the __ tend to be less tolerant of homos

upper-upper class

Gena and her husband mark are married and have a low social position. we could expect them

to engage in somewhat different, gender based everyday activities

globalization of the economy has especially hurt which catergory of the US population

factory workers

in 20008 ___ people were consumed by the government as having income below the official poverty line

39.8 million

In terms of absolute numbers, most poor people in the united states are


Sociologist william julius wilson suggests the cause of poverty lies in

too few available jobs

the 1996 welfare reform in the US

greatly reduced the welfare rolls but did little to change the poverty rate

Conservative people supporting the welfare argue that the (pre1996) system

was creating welfare depenency

Liberal critics of the welfare reform argued that

few families who turn to welfare are truly needy

The lastest data show that welfare reform has

cut the number of households receiving welfare by about half

Read the following statements about social mobility in the US. which statement is correct

the global economy has increased the number of high-paying, industrial jobs avaiable in this country

which of the following factors tends to raise your social standing

marry and stay married

the concept of gender refers to

the personal trait an social positions that members of a society attach to being female and male

Margaret mead's research on gender in three societies supports the conclusion that

societies may define both "masculine" and "feminine" differently

Based on george murocks global study of gender, we should conclude that

most societies do not assign work to one sex or another

Drawing on janet lers observations of children at play, which of the following would you conclude was true

boys favor games with clear winners and losers

Which of the following is an important exception to male domination of the US workplace

women are now the majority of countrys college and university

In which of the following nations do women have the greatest political power relative to men

united states

sexual harassment is an important social issue because

half of the working women report receiving unwanted sexual attention

intersection theory focuses on

the interplay of race class and gender often leading to multiple disadvantages

If you could en violence against women in one setting, which of the following would reduce this type of violence the most

the home

which of the following statements is the best reason to view women as a minority in the US

at every level, women have less income wealth education and power than men do

Which of the following concepts refers to an invisiable, yet real barrier that prevents many women from rising beyond middle-management positons

glass ceiling

Which factor accounts for the largest share of difference in the earnings of working women and men in the US

differences in the education

The concept "comparable worth" refers to the idea that

women should receive the same pay as men for work that is equally important

which of the following statments about gender and housework is correct

among employed people, married or not, with or without children women do most of the housework

pinkcolla work refers to what type of job

administrative support

which of the following factors has been a cause of the rising share of women in the US paid labor force during the last century

the rising divorce rate

the "beauty myth" refrs to the idea that

women learn to measure their personal importance in terms of physical appearance

What share of today's US women are working for income

30 percent

in the US, the costs of sexism for men include

engaging in many high-risk behaviors

which of the following concepts refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex

gender roles

A family leaves russia and takes up residence in the US, WHERE THEy gradually lose their russian cultural traditions. they have modified their


read the following statements about minorities, which statemnt is not correct

all people in a minority category are socially disadvantaged

You would be expressing "Sterotype" if you

stated an exaggerated description and applied it to everyone in the some category

recent research on social distance among US college students shows that

students are more accepting of minorities than they were decades ago

Based on the scapegoat theory, you would conclude that prejudice is caused by

frustration among people who are themselves disadvantaged

Thomas sowell studied the intelligence (IQ) scores of categories of people and conclude that

cultural patterns explain much IQ variation

Which of the following represents a culture theory of prejudice

Emory bogardus research on social distance

Institutional prejudice and discrimation refers to the fact that

bias is built into the operation of societys institutions

the idea that prejudice and discrimination form a vicious circle leads to the conclusion that

prejudice is more common than actual discrimination

which of the following situations is not an example of institutional discimination

a mother wants her child to stay away from schoolmates of a different race

Assimilation refers to the pattern by which

minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant culture

the matsui family came to the US thirty years ago. they now speak english at home and the children date non-japanese students at college. this family's story is closet to which of the following concepts


the killing of people in the darfur region of africa is a recent example of


The rate of small business ownership is high among the asian ameicans. this pattern reflects

cultural values including achievement and self-reliance

what gunnar myrdal called the american dilemma was

the denial of basic rights by a so-called "democratic society" to african americans

The hispanic population of the US is

mainly concentrated in the southwest

read the following statements about arabs and muslims. which statement is not correct

arab and muslim means the samething

most immigrants to the US today come from

latin american and asia

douglas massy and nancy denton documented which of the following patterns in US inner cities


multiculturalists oppose the goal of assimilation because

this suggests that minorities are the ones who need to do all the changing

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