(d. 1374) is often called the father of Italian humanism. Celebrated ancient Rome in his Letters to the Ancient Dead, imaginary letters to Cicero, Virgil, and Horace. His most famous contemporary work was a collection of highly introspective love poems to a married woman whom he romantically admired from a safe distance, his famous Sonnets to Laura. His contempt for the "useless" learning of medieval scholars, indeed his contempt for most of the culture of the Middle Ages which he called "gothic," were features that many later humanists shared. Classical and Christian values coexist, not always harmoniously, in his work, and this uneasy coexistence is true, too, of many later humanists.