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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Conflict in the Colonies
Events leading up to the Revolutionary War.
Terms in this set (24)
Why did Parliament place taxes on the colonies after the French and Indian War?
They were in debt from the war and they had to pay for keeping an army in the colonies to protect from Indian attacks.
1764 Sugar Act
Tax on all imported sugar and molasses; 1st act to specifically attempt to make money from the colonies
How did the British try to stop smuggling?
Merchants had to list all goods on ship; lists had to be approved; British could stop & search ships; vice-admiralty courts given more power
What were the vice-admiralty courts?
Courts that handled disputes on the water between merchants & ships; no juries; guilty until proven innocent; judges kept 5% of all confiscated goods
What was taxation without representation?
Colonists not represented in person in Parliament to have a say in taxes
Who is credited with orginating the phrase "taxation without representaion"?
What was Samuel Adams' role in arguing against Parliament's taxes?
Believed Parliament could not tax colonists without their permission
1765 Stamp Act
All paper products had to have a official stamp.
Who were the Sons of Liberty?
A group of Patriots founded by Samuel Adams & others to protest against British taxes and Policies.
How & when was the Stamp Act repealed?
It was repealed after boycotts of British goods caused British merchants to ask Parliament to make a change in 1766.
1767 The Townshend Acts
New taxes placed on glass, lead, paints, tea, and paper
What were Writs of Assistance?
Tax collectors were allowed to search for smuggled goods
What was a result of violence following the seizure of the Liberty?
The Massachusetts governor ask British troops to come & restore order; British troops were in Boston in October 1768
March 5, 1770- 5 colonists shot by British soldiers
telling only one side of an event to sway opinion in your favor
How did the trial of the soldiers in the Boston Massacre calm the colonists?
Showed the colonists that the soldiers would be held accountable for their actions
Boston Tea Party
Sons of Liberty dumped 340 crates of East India tea into Boston Harbor
Townshend Acts repealed exept which tax?
All were repealed except for tax on tea
Tea Act 1773
allowed British East India Company to sell tea directly to the colonies at a low price
British East India Company
running India at the time; sold low price tea to the colonies
When was the Boston Tea Party?
December 16, 1773
1774 The Coercive Acts
1. Boston Harbor closed until tea was paid for
2. Mass charter canceled
3. British offficials accused of crimes went to England for trial
4. Quartering Act- troops housed in private homes
5. Quebec Act- gave land to colony of Quebec
6. Thomas Gage became new govenor of Mass
What did the colonists call the Coercive Acts?
The Intolerable Acts
What did Parliament hope to achieve with the Coercive Acts?
To bring the colonies back to order
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