VADETS Module 8
In the year 2000, _____ % of the teens killed in motor vehicle related crashes were not wearing a safety belt.
When driving an airbag equipped vehicle, _____.
you should sit at least 10 inches from the steering wheel
, the steering wheel should be tilted toward the chest, and your hands should be on the lower half of the steering wheel
The head restraint should be adjusted to just above the ears.
New vehicles now may be equipped with side air bags.
Air bags deploy at speeds up to _____.
An airbag ___.
automatically inflates in frontal crashes, distributes the force of impact more evenly across the body, and inflates if the collision impact speed is at least 9 mph
A lap belt should be worn-
across the hips
If your vehicle has air bags, you do not need to wear a seatbelt.
Virginia law requires
all front seat occupants to wear a safety belt, all persons less than 16 to wear a safety belt
When you ride in a moving object, your speed ___.
is equal to the speed of the moving object
Pregnant women should not wear seatbelts.
The safest place for children is in the back seat
If an infant must ride in the front seat, the air bag should be turned off.
The use of the air conditioner will help defog interior windows.
In fog, you should use ___.
low beam lights
Dirty headlights can reduce visibility up to 90%.
The use of cruise control can help control a vehicle in snow.
When driving at night with low beam headlights, the maximum safe speed is _____.
A wet roadway is most slippery _____.
when the rain first begins
If you suffer from night blindness, ____.
you should not drive at night
is caused by a buildup of water between the tires and road surface, results in loss of steering, results in loss of braking
Virginia law requires the use of headlights whenever the windshield wipers are in use.
Bridges freeze before road surfaces.
If a driver is blinded by the lights of an oncoming vehicle, he/she should _____.
reduce speed, look to the right, glance briefly ahead
One method for reducing glare at night is _____.
clean your windshield
Overdriving your headlights means _____.
you cannot stop in the distance illuminated by your headlights
Approximately _____ % of our driving clues depend on vision.
A driver can lose control of a vehicle in 6 inches of water.
Removing the radiator cap is advisable as it will help release steam and cool an overheated engine quicker.
Bridges and overpasses can be even more hazardous during cold weather because _____.
these surfaces freeze before other road surfaces
Buffeting results from _____.
Tire pressure increases as the tires get hot.
A danger of driving through deep water is _____.
the roadbed may be washed away, your vehicle may stall
The recommended antifreeze/water mixture is _____.
Kitty litter can help the tires gain traction on slick surfaces.
Two feet of water will carry away most vehicles.
To dry wet brakes, you should _____.
brake gently using your left foot while accelerating with your right foot
Dust or sand storms _____.
can reduce visibility to 1/2 mile or less, strike with little warning, often damage oil and air filters
As more streets and parking lots are built, flooding problems will increase.
Hydroplaning occurs when _____.
a film of water builds up between the road surface and the vehicles tires
When driving into a headwind, you may need to _____.
When driving through water, stay close to the shoulder.
Nearly _____ of all flash flood fatalities are vehicle related.
Message signs _____.
are used to warn drivers of dangers ahead, may provide drivers with inclement weather information
Crash attenuators _____.
are sand or liquid filled drums, spread the force of impact when hit
Breakaway posts _____.
replace liquid or sand filled drums, make impact with signs less forceful, eliminate hazard of guardrail ends
Traction Control _____.
activates brake sensors, which do not allow the wheels to spin
Median barriers ___.
reduce head-on collisions
Suspension control ___.
adjusts vehicle balance
allows the vehicle to be steered while applying maximum braking effort.
Extruder terminals ___.
reduce hazards at guardrail ends
Rumble strips ___.
alert inattentive drivers
Electronic Stability Program _____.
activates when vehicle is not going in the direction it is being steered
Sudden acceleration causes vehicle weight transfer _____.
to the rear
In skid control, it is critical that the driver _____.
look where he/she wants the vehicle to go, and steer in the intended path of travel
Which of the following will affect traction?
surface materials, surface conditions, and weather conditions
Loss of rear wheel traction is called _____.
Traction control systems are most helpful in front wheel loss of traction.
Loss of front wheel traction is called _____.
A good technique to minimize understeer is to slow down before entering a curve or turn.
Suddenly steering to the right will result in _____.
weight transfer to the left
In vehicles without ABS, a quick jab of the brakes may help control front wheel traction loss.
A driver's first indication of traction loss comes from _____.
motion based sensory input
Slight acceleration is helpful in an oversteer situation.