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SFA Religion Exam Chosen Vocabulary
Terms in this set (83)
The center of the life of church. Comes from the Latin word missa- "to send" and also is the root word for mission.
the entire system of beliefs and practices preserved and transmitted through the living authority.
The life principle in a body. The human body has a soul, which also has a spirit; it has the power to know and chose.
The second Person of the Trinity, God's only-begotten Son, the Word made flesh and died to save us from our sins. He is Messiah, the Lord of Creation, and the Head of the Church present to us in the sacraments.
Found in the Gospels, these provocative teachings of Jesus show us what life as a Christian is intended to be. By following these guidelines makes you become more joyful and keeps your eyes on focusing on going to heaven.
means to give up our own wants for the food of others or to make up for a wrong done, request a favor; or express gratitude or love. In the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, we participate in the perfect sacrifice Christ offered on our behalf to save us from our sins.
One of the fruits of the Holy Spirit. It is experienced as a calm and often joyful sense of trust in God. Peace in society can only be achieved and maintained through respect for the dignity of the human person at every stage of life and does not refer merely to an absence of war.
The third Person of the Blessed Trinity, the living love between the Father and the Son. Also called the "Spirit of Truth" he dwells in us through Baptism and makes our lives, sacraments, prayers, and liturgies effective and fruitful.
The greatest of the theological virtues, the virtue of charity helps us to express the self-giving love of Christ to others.
A share in the divine life of God, a free gift of supernatural help given to us not because we deserve it, but because he loves us. It makes it possible for us to live and act as the Holy Spirit leads us. It makes it possible for us to respond to God's call, to grow in holiness and to live with God in heaven for all eternity.
means "universal" because God wants everyone to be a member of the Church, to follow Jesus, and to be members of his family. Christ sent the apostles to bring the gospel to the whole world and he is present throughout the world through the Church he founded.
Derived from an ancient Hebrew word that means to "unveil or uncover" and refers to the ways God makes himself and the mysteries of the Faith known to us through Scripture and Tradition.
Through the life and death of Jesus Christ, we are saved from our sins and offered the hope of heaven. The sacraments of the Church are the primary means by which we receive salvation.
Those who freely and willfully persist in a state of mortal sin until death cannot be saved. God cannot force us to love him and be with him forever in heaven. The place for those who reject God.
Comprised of all the people who, through Baptism, have become part of the body of Christ. The church is one in governance, one in dogma, and tone in liturgy.
A priest who has been ordained to the episcopacy, the highest degree of Holy Orders. Bishops are successors to the apostles and can trace their ordination through an unbroken line of succession to one of the apostles. Was appointed by the pope to lead a particular diocese.
The central mystery of the Christian Faith, the belief that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, three distinct Persons, are one God and share in a single divine nature.
The power given to us by God to make our own choices, for good and ill. While God cannot force us to love him, our will is perfected only when it is directed to the good, to fulfilling God's plan.
The desire for happiness has been placed in our hears by God, who is the only one who can fulfill us and make us happy. He gave us this need in order to encourage us to come closer to him, to love him, and to live with him forever in heaven.
Christian love is more than feelings of affection we might have for another person; it is an imitation of Jesus' sacrificial love for us, a love that seeks the good of the other above our own. Also called Christian "charity" it means that we love others out of love for God.
"raising of one's mind and heart to God or the requesting of good things from God" GOd make us to be in loving relationship with him, and prayer is the communication with God that sustains and deepens our relationship with him.
deliberate thought, word, deed, or omission to God's plan that offends God and harms others and ourselves
A solemn agreement between persons united in a permanent bond. God affirmed his covenant with Abraham after he proved willing to sacrifice his only son at God's command. The new covenant is Jesus and his sacrifice.
Refers to the Eternal Son of God, the second Person of the Trinity, assuming a human nature at a specific moment in history. Jesus is true man, expect does not have sin.
Efficacious signs that give us God's grace and allow us to partake in his divine life. They were given to us by Christ and were entrusted in the Church.
A truth revealed by God that we can describe in theological terms but cannot fully understand.
Our true home, where the saved will live in the company of the Holy Trinity and all the saints. We are not sure what it looks like, it is a mystery to humans on earth. It is described as "wedding feast" "life" "paradise"
Set things right after we have caused harm to our relationship with God or others. It provides forgiveness of sins, restores us to the state of grace, and heals and strengthens our souls
Whatever is connected spiritually with God and dedicated to a profound religious purpose.' like the Scripture or the chrism used in our sacraments.
existence of God
"first mover" "first efficient cause" "non-contingent" "perfect goodness" "intelligent designer"
doctor of the church
A man or woman whose personal holiness, theological orthodoxy, and intellectual and spiritual insight have made a significant contribution to the Church's treasury of wisdom. 31 men and 4 women have received this title; two recently declared doctors are St. Hildegad of Bingen and St. John of Avila
The first Sacrament of Initiation, gives us a share in God's divine life through sanctifying grace; which cleanses us of original sin. Marks our souls as belonging to God, imparts the theological virtues and the Gifts of the Holy Spirit
Refers to the living authority of the Catholic Church, carried out by the pope in union with the bishops, to teach on all questions of faith and morals, as well as to interpret with fidelity all practices of prayer and worship.
the living transmission of the Word of God
a ceremony that is preformed according to a plan that expresses a profound meaning. Liturgical rituals show our love to God.
The human power to figure something out, as opposed to 'revelation' which we know because God told us
books of the bible are divinely inspired by God (human authors)
The 73 books of the Holy Bible, one of the two channels through which we receive what GOd has revealed to us for our salvation
the state of Christian perfection to which we are all called. Since we cannot achieve it on our own, we must rely on the grace and mercy of God. By prayerfully embracing the cross, we discover our unique, individual calling and the very best of ourselves.
"messenger" A powerful spiritual being that have no bodies. Powerful servants of God.
the chosen virgin mother of God
The mystery of salvation through the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
celebrates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the apostles that occurred nine days after Jesus' ascension. "birthday of the Church"
A profound change of heart toward God. Religious conversion is always an experience of grace, brought about by the reasonableness of the Faith, the personal witness of other Christians, or a deep contrition for sin that produces a genuine hunger for holiness and a reorientation of life toward God.
The church was founded by Jesus on the apostles, it keeps Jesus' lessons to the disciples
The apostles appointed bishops by the laying of the hands at ordination, transferred to them the authority they had received from Christ.
marks of the church
The four characteristics that define the Church are that it is 'one, holy, Catholic, and apostolic'.
inability of the Church's magisterium to err when defining a doctrine of faith or morality; entire people of God whose sense of fidelium prevents the Church as a whole from believing an erroneous doctrine
(Greek) The gospel, in brief. We were created by the Trinity to live on heaven forever, but sin alienated us from God. God gave his Son, Jesus, to save us from our sins and sent the Holy Spirit to build up the Church and share his divine life through the sacraments.
anointing of the sick
special graces that hep the sick unite their pain with eh passion of Christ, give them courage and forgiveness of sins, in some cases physical healing
A type of prayer in which we place the needs of others before God.
state of purification and preparation for those who die in a state of grace, but whose souls are not yet perfected. Must be cleansed before they enter Heaven.
At the end of our lives, we will experience the judgment of God, which will determine how we spend eternity, either with God in heaven or separated from him in hell. The church distinguishes between the particular judgment which occurs immediately after death. Second judgment is the judgement of the the second coming of the Jesus.
A free gift of God's own life, received at Baptism for the healing and sanctification of our souls. Those who commit mortal sin can lose this grace, but it can be restored through the Sacrament of Reconciliation.
communion of saints
Another expression for the Church, as we are in communion with each other through Christ. The term refers to all the redeemed: Christians living on earth, those suffering in purgatory, and those already in the glory of heaven.
occurs when a gravely sinful act is committed with full understanding and consent.
The sacrament that is most central in the Faith because it "re-presents" Jesus' sacrifice on the cross and we are able to receive him. He is present in the form of bread and wine. This mystery takes place during the Liturgy of the Eucharist. It is not a symbol but is truly Body and Blood.
A Sacrament of Initiation and completes Baptism. The Gifts of the Holy Spirit are increased to provide the strength to live out God's call to serve the Church in various ways, especially through faithful witness.
gifts of the Holy Spirit
Given to all those who are baptized, and they remain in us as long as we are in a state of grace. These make it possible for us to live and act as the Holy Spirit leads us. They are wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, and fear of the Lord.
In order to grow in faith and love, Jesus invites us to aspect the ordinary sufferings of live ad to discipline ourselves with sacrifices.
The marriage of a baptized man or woman and is ordered toward the good of the spouses and procreation of children. It is a life long vocation.
anything that operates through power that is beyond the known laws of science and nature
sacraments of initiation
Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist; the lay foundation of Christian life, ways to strength and nourish our body
sacraments of healing
Anointing of the Sick and Penance, forgive sins
sacraments of service
Holy Orders and Matrimony, sacraments that fulfill our vocation
A supernatural help from God that leads us to conversion and assists us in the avoidance of sin and the pursuit of holiness.
A lifelong covenant of love between a man and a woman, elevated by Christ to the dignity of a sacrament, the purpose of which is to provide for the spiritual and physical well-being of both spouses, as well as the procreation and education of children.
The first sin of human existence, which caused all other humans to sin after
a sin that affects us personally
The process of preaching the gospel, by words and example
baptism of blood
Unbaptized martyrs for the Christian Faith are baptized by their death, in union with their death of Jesus on the cross. Same fruits of Baptism are received, even though it is not a sacrament.
an important tradition in Catholic spiritually and involves eating less than usual to atone for sin. It helps us to learn self- control and gives us the opportunity to meditate on the sufferings of Christ and our need for God's grace. In the fourth precept.
Genuine sorrow for sins and a strong resolve to avoid sinning again. When we commit a mortal sin, we should go to confession as soon as possible. God never rejects a contrite heart.
primary purpose of God's saving plan for the human race, accomplished through the sacrifice of his only son.
An action of the rational mind that discerns right from wrong in particular situations. The conscience, however, needs to be well formed.
Sin that wounds but does not destroy the divine life in the soul. Unlike mortal isn, which can generally be forgiven only in the Sacrament of Reconciliation. It may be forgiven by a worthy reception of the Eucharist.
Degree to which we are responsible for something we have done or failed to do. A lot depends on a person's intent, their understanding of right and wrong, and their willingness to make amends.
examine of conscience
An organized way to reflect sincerely on our sins and failures especially before receiving Holy Communion.
seal of confession
Priests are strictly bound, under treat of serve penalties, to maintain absolute secrecy about anything revealed in the confessional.
"sealed" with one of the three types of blessed oil. Sacred chrism is for Baptism, Confirmation and Holy Orders. Catechumens is for Baptism. Oil of the sick is for Anointing of the Sick
When we are experiencing suffering in our lives, Jesus invites us to face that suffering with courage.
"with you on the way" What the church calls a person's last reception of the Eucharist. Jesus is the "resurrection and the life" he has promised us that if we eat his Body and drink his Blood, we will have eternal life.
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