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World Geography Final
Terms in this set (117)
Based on the teachings of Jesus Christ, believe that Jesus Christ is the Messiah sent by God.
System of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Confucius and his disciples stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents in thought and conduct.
Philosophical system evolved by Loo-tzu and Chuang-tzu, and advocating a life of complete simplicity and of noninterference with the course of natural events in order to attain a happy existence in harmony with the Tao.
Belief or worship in more than one god.
Economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations.
Was a European political system in which a lord owned all the land while vassals and serfs farmed it.
Characterized by the production for use rather than profit, by equality of individual wealth by the absence of competitive economic activity and usually by government determination of investments, prices, and production levels.
Theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
Manufacturing method for a standardized product or products in which fixed capital, raw material, and labor operations are centralized and sophisticated.
A sequence of rulers from the same family stock, or group.
Government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them.
State in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them.
Government system led by a director having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism.
State of society without government or law
political and social disorder due to the absence of governmental control.
Founded by Muhammad whose members worship the one God of the Jews and Christians (God is called Allah in Arabic) and follow the teachings of the Koran. Means "submission to the will of God" fundamental belief is "there is only one god, and Muhammad is his prophet".
Other religions are prosecuted
What are some of the reasons that Islam is misunderstood by many people?
The founder of Islam (prophet of god was visited by the Angel Gabriel)
What was Mohammed, and what did he do to begin the faith of Islam?
Creed- saying only one god, Mohammed is his prophet
- 5 times a day always face towards Mecca
-Giving- giving to the poor
Fast of Ramandan
- Don't eat from sunrise to sunset
- Pilgrimage to Mecca
What are the 5 pillars of Islam?
Community centers, schools, and places where poor and homeless are cared for
What functions do mosques serve besides being centers of worship?
Mathematics, medicines, architecture, and pottery
What are some of the contributions that Islamic culture has made to the West?
Official language of the Koran. Language of the Muslims
What are some of the uses of Arabic script?
The religious text of the followers of Islam
Began to doubt power of their faith and have hatred toward the west
What was one result of the colonization of the Islamic world by European powers?
England, France and the Dutch
Name three of the major colonial powers
Fastest growing religion in the world
What is the future of Islam likely to be?
What does the Arabic word Islam mean?
More than one billion
Approximately how many Muslims are there in the world today?
Palestinian Arabs who are recognized citizens of the state of Israel.
Goal is to achieve the "full and equal citizenship" that was promised to them at the end of the 1948 war
Also support some form of independent Palestinian state
What is the goal of the Arab Israelis?
Palestinian resistance group that emerged from the 1987 Infantada. Members emerged from the Palestinian refugee camps in the Occupied Territories, particularly Gaza Strip.
Goal is to reclaim all of Palestine and to create an Islamic Palestinian state (state ruled according to Islamic religious law). Believe this goal can be reached only through armed struggle with Israel, not through negotiation.
What is the goal of the Hamas and how do they believe it can be achieved?
The Labor Party
Predominantly Jewish Israeli political group. They are Zionist group (which believes in the establishment of a secular (nonreligious) Jewish state through the collective labor of the Jewish people and the use of military force only if necessary.)
Goal is to maintain only one state, the Jewish state of Israel, but only to allow for limited Palestinian self-rule in parts of the Occupied Territories.
What is the goal of The Labor Party?
The Likud Bloc
Alliance of Jewish Israeli political groups. They are a Zionist group. Advocate aggressive Jewish territorial expansion.
Goal is to maintain only one state, the Jewish state of Israel, and to encourage the Palestinians settled in the Occupied Territories to leave to make way for continued Jewish Israeli settlement.
What is the goal of the Likud Bloc?
The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
The internationally recognized representative body of the Palestinians. The members emerged from the Palestinian refugee camps in the Occupied Territories and until 1988 supported armed struggle against Israel.
Create a secular (nonreligious) Palestinian state, but they have adopted a policy of negotiation with Israel and have temporarily agreed to Palestinian limited self-rule in parts of the Occupied Territories.
What is the PLO's long-term goal?
Were driven from their homes after the expansion of the state of Israel after the 1948 war and the 1967 war.
Live in camps and villages in the Occupied Territories and the Arab states mostly in great poverty
Goal is to return to their homeland and to establish an independent Palestinian state, possibly on the site of the Occupied Territories.
What is the goal of the Palestinian Refugees?
Jewish Israeli peace group formed in 1977 by army reserve officers.
Goal is for the state of Israel to compromise and exchange land for peaceful relations with Palestinians and other Arabs, with whom they often work in partnership. All members support Palestinian self-rule and many support a fully independent Palestinian state located in the Occupied Territories.
What is the goal of Peace Now?
Religiously observant Jews who so not recognize the state of Israel as a legitimate entity because it was created by humans and not by God and because the government is secular
Primarily concerned with religious matters, many support Jewish reclaiming and settling of the land that once made up ancient, biblical Israel, which includes the Occupied Territories
What is the goal of the Ultra-Orthodox?
Movement: Change in physical location or position.
Regions: Divides the earth into understandable units for geographic study. All have some sort of trait that unifies the area. They can be formal or functional.
Human-Environment Interaction: Considers how humans adapt to and make changes to the environment. Humans change the earth's landscape with the interaction they have with the land. Effects of human's interaction with the environment can be both positive and negative.
Location: Can be absolute or relative. Absolute has a definite reference to locate a place. Relative location describes a place due to it's environment and it's connection to other locations.
Place: Describes the human and physical characteristics of a location.
5 Themes of Geography
United Nations plan for Palestine
Balfour Declaration- supported the creation of a homeland for Jews in Palestine
UN voted to partition Palestine into a Jewish state and a UN administrated zone of Jerusalem
The Suez Canal Crisis
Britain and France agreed to a UN-sponsored cease-fire
The 1967 War
Nassar demanded that the UN Emergency Force leave Sharam al-Shaykh. 6 days later Israel defeated Egypt, Syria, and Jordan and captured the Gaza Strip, the Sinai Peninsula, Golan Heights, and West Bank
December of 1987 an Israeli military vehicle killed 4 Palestinians in a road accident in the Gaza Strip.
Intifada means shaking off in Arabic
China, 1.2 bil
What country has the highest population?
More boys than girls (boys preferred), many abortions & orphans, many women abused because of shortage of them
What are the consequences of China's one child policy?
The holy text for the Jews it contains their rules/laws
What is the Torah and why is it important to the Jews?
Belief in one god
What is the central idea common to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam?
Torah, land, people, love of god
What are the 4 cornerstones of Judaism?
Promised to them by God
Name one reason why the Jews consider it so important to be able to live in Israel.
Sabbath Friday night through Saturday- day of rest
Yom Kippur- day of forgiveness
Name and describe 2 Jewish rituals or festivals
God passing over and freeing the slaves of Egypt
What does the holiday Passover celebrate?
13 year old going into adulthood
What is the main significance of the Bar/Bat Mitzvah?
What is the main tragedy that has befallen the Jewish people in the twentieth century?
Remember 8 days and 8 nights the candles stayed lit
What do the candles of Hanukkah celebrate?
What do Jews believe in?
What is the land the Jews feel they are destined to inherit?
What do devote Jews pray in their daily worship?
The first 5 books of the old testament of the Bible;
the entirety of authentic Jewish teaching
The prophesied deliverer of the Jews; a savior
A day of rest and religious dedication
Before Common Era; Common Era; preferred by Jews B.C. and A.D.
A collection of authoritative writings compromising the Jewish civil and religious law
Conforming to the usual beliefs or established doctrine, especially in religion
Pertaining to the world or to things not spiritual of faith
Group of people having a common leadership, set of opinions, and similar beiefs
Complex beliefs, values, and customs comprising the dominant religion of India, characterized by the worship of many gods.
Very complex, west doesn't have a lot of contact with Hindus
What are some of the reasons that Hinduism is misunderstood by many people?
The inhabitants of India at the time
Arians came from Central Asia, Russia and brought ideas of Brahman
Who were the Dravidian's and the Arians?
Holy man or to take the path of the holy man
What do Hindus consider the quickest way to be released from the pain of earthly existence?
Leader of the non-violent independent from Britain
What was one of Mahatma Gandhi's main teachings?
Name one of the most sacred features of the Indian landscape.
Helps the person guide them into the Hindu path
What is the purpose of following a Guru?
Renounce worldly life and believe it will help them reach the spiritual life
Why do many Indian men leave their home after their children have grown?
How is a person's cast determined?
Hindu's believe Muslim's over simplify the faith
What is one reason for the violence between Hindu and Muslims?
Life is full of suffering caused by desire and that the way to end this is through enlightenment that enables one to halt the endless sequence of births and deaths.
Into what religion was Siddartha Gautama born?
Encountered a holy man and saw how life was full of suffering
What was the reason Siddartha decided to leave home and become a Sadhu?
How were the teachings of the Buddha preserved after his death?
Thoravada Buddhism: Believe the Buddha to be a great teacher
Mahayana Buddhism: Believe the Buddha to be a more god-like figure
What is the main difference between the two main branches (Thoravada Buddhism, Mahayana Buddhism) in Buddhism?
Want to make their parents happy
What is one of the reasons many young men in Thailand become monks?
People give them food
How is the community of monks supported?
Provide spiritual guidence
What do the monks give in return for their support?
What does their religion provide for some Buddhists?
Person who leads a life of contemplation and self-denial
Stern, harsh, morally strict
The one divine being of Hinduism- God
One's proper path in life
The effect of the actions of past and present lifetimes, both good and bad on one's present life
Word or phrase to be repeated while meditating to quiet the mind
To make converts from one religion or opinion to another
Sacred musical composition usually for the sitar and the tabla
The passing of the soul into another body at death
Ancient sacred texts of Hinduism
Most ancient religion
There was no founder
How did Hinduism begin?
Where did Hinduism begin?
There is one God who takes many forms
What do Hindu's believe?
He taught non-violent resistance and was a leader of the Indian Independence movement
Who was Mahatma Gandhi?
Most are vegetarians
What do most Hindu's eat?
A Hindu holy man
Rebirth in another body
State of perfect blessedness achieved by the extinction of individual existence and by the absorption of the soul into the supreme spirit, or by the extinction of all passions and desires
Being made able to see or comprehend the truth: free from ignorance, prejudice or superstition
One who has entered a religious group or order, but has not taken final vows
To pay respect by external action
Steep, and therefore, difficult of ascent: hard to climb
The middle way of compassion
What did the Buddha teach?
What did the Buddha believe that life is?
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