15 terms

Chapter 12

STUDY
PLAY
Pericles
Democratic reformer in Athens
Who led the Peloponnesian League?
Sparta
Who led the Delian League?
Athens
Why did the Delian League cause conflicts?
Greek city-states didn't like being pushed around by Athens
Peloponnesian War
Athens vs. Sparta
What were the main causes of the Peloponnesian War?
1) Athenian power-grab 2) Athenian naval empire 3) Athenian settlers moved to the lands of other city states
What was Sparta's advantage in warfare?
The strongest army
What was Athen's advantage in warfare?
The strongest navy
How did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?
Disease killed a third of the population in Athens
What was the consequence of the Peloponnesian War?
The war weakened the Greek city-states to be conquered by Macedonia
Philip of Macedonia
invented the Macedonian phalanx, conquered Greece
Alexander the Great
conquered Persia, Mesopotamia, Egypt, and India
Hellenism
a blend of cultures and spread of Greek culture
What happened to Alexander the Great's empire after he died?
The empire collapsed
Battle of Gaugamela
Alexander's defeat of Persia