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Break-of-Bulk Point

A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another.

Bulk-Gaining Industry

An industry in which the final product weighs more or comprises a greater volume than the inputs.

Bulk-Reducing Industry

An industry in which the final product weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs.

Cottage Industry

Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.

Fordist Production

Form of mass production in which each worker is assigned one specific task to perform repeatedly.

Industrial Revolution

A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.

Labor-Intensive Industry

An industry for which labor costs comprise a high percentage of total expenses.


Factories built by the U.S. companies in Mexico near the U.S. border, to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico.

New International Division of Labor

Transfer of some types of jobs, especially those requiring low-paid less skilled workers, from more developed to less developed countries.


Adoption by companies of flexible work rules, such as the allocation of workers to teams that perform a variety of tasks.

Right-to-Work State

A U.S. state that has passed a law preventing a union and company from negotiating a contract that requires workers to join a union as a condition of employment.

Site Factors

Location factors related to the costs of factors of production inside the plant, such as land, labor, and capital.

Situation Factors

Location factors related to the transportation of materials into and from a factory.


A fabric made by weaving, used in making clothing.

Trading Bloc

A group of neighboring countries that promote trade with each other and erect barriers to limit trade with other blocs.

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