45 terms

Music Final

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Terms in this set (...)

Beat
the regular rhythm pattern of a piece of music or dance
Chord
A combination of three or more tones played together at the same time
Duration
The length of time the note is sounded
Dynamics
how loud or how soft a note is-more than one note played at a time(pleasing music sound)
Measure
A unit of notes and rests in a piece of music,marked by a bar line on either side
Melody
An element of music-the shape, the direction & pitch, also a tune or song
Meter
Rhythmic pattern made by grouping together strong and weak beats
Pitch
the measure of how low & high a note is, pitch is determined by the frequency and vibrations
Rhythm
An element of music, the meter, time signature and rhythmic duration in a piece of music
Tempo
An element of music-the speed of a piece of music
Forte
Loud
Mezzo forte
Medium loud
Piano
Soft;quiet
Mezzo piano
Medium soft
Double forte(fortissio)
Very loud
Double piano(pianissimo)
Very soft
Staff
A series of 5 horizontal lines & four spaces on which notes are written
Clef
The symbol at the beginning of the staff that indicates which lines and spaces represent which notes
Treble clef
A clef that generally indicates the sound higher than middle C
Bass clef
A clef thst generally indicates notes that sound lower than middle C
Grand Staff
Is the staff that is created when two staffs are joined together
Scale
A group of pitches which are sung or played in succession and are based on a keynote
Key
Key is determined by its hometone or keynote
Half note
Represents two beats of sound
Half rest
Represents two beats of silence
Quarter note
Represents one beat of sound
Quarter rest
Represents one beat of silence
Whole note
Represents four beats of sound
Whole rest
Represents four beats of silence
Eighth note
Represent half a beat of sound
Eighth rest
Represent half a beat of silence
Time signature
(4/4 meter)
(Or meter signature) Is the set of numbers at the beginning of a piece of music
Dotted half note
Represents three beats of sound
Dotted half rest
Represents three beats of silence
Beam
A line that combines two notes together
Stem
The line that connects to the notehead
Notehead
Hollow or filled circle
Flag
Connected to the stem
Sharp
Raises the note by one half step
Flat
Lowers the note by one half step
Natural sign
Cancels out A flat or A sharp
Harmonic interval
When two or more notes are being played at the same time
Melodic interval
when one or more notes are being played separately
Tie
Two notes that are same tied together
Slur
(means to play legato) Two or more notes that are different connected by a slur