Chapter 22 packet

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find lost family members or seek new economic opportinities
After emancipation, many blacks travelled in order to
food, clothes, and education for emancipated slaves
The Freedmen's Bureau was originally established to provide
10 percent of its voters took an oath of allegiance to the Union and pledged to abide by emancipation
The Black Codes passed by many of the Southern state governments in 1865 aimed to
ensure a stable and subservient labor force under white control
The congressional elections of 1866 resulted in
a decisive defeat for Johnson and a veto-proof Republican Congress
The congressional elections of 1866 resulted in
favored states' rights and opposed direct federal involvement in individuals' lives
In contrast to radical Republicans, moderate Republicans generally
Southern states give blacks the vote as a condition of readmittance to the Union
Besides putting the South under the rule of federal soldiers, the Military Reconstruction Act of 1867 required that
full citizenship and civil rights for former slaves
The Fourteenth amendment provided for
voting rights for former slaves
The Fifteenth Amendment provided for
the amendments granted citizenship and voting rights to black and white men but not to women
Women's rights leaders opposed the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments because
organize the Union Leauge as a vehicle for political empowerment and self-defense
The right to vote encouraged southern black men to
included white Northeners, white Southerners, and blacks
The radical Reconstruction regimes in the Southern states
former Union soldiers, buisnessmen, or proffessionals
Most of the Northern "carpetbaggers" were actually
a failure to convict and remove Johnson by a margin of only one vote
The radical Republicans' impeachment of President Andrew Johnson resulted in
Russia had been the only great power friendly to the Union during the Civil War
The skeptical public finally acepted Seward's purchase of Alaska because
Freedmen
Common term for the blacks newly liberated from slavery
Freedmen's Bureau
Federal agency that greatly assisted blacks educationally but failed in other aid efforts
Baptist
The largest African American denomination (church) after slavery
10 percent plan
Lincoln's 1863 program for a rapid Reconstruction of the South
thirteenth
The constitutional amendment freeing all slaves
black codes
The harsh Southern state laws of 1865 that limited black rights and imposed restrictions to ensure a stable bank labor supply
fourteenth
The constitutional amendment granting civil rights to freed slaves and baring former Confederates from office
moderate republicans
Republican Reconstructionists who favored a more rapid restoration of Southern state governments and opposed radical plans for drastic economic transformation of the South
radical republicans
Republican Reconstructionists who favored keeping the South ur of the federal government until a complete social and economic revolution was accomplished in the region
union league
The black political organization that promoted self-help and defense of political rights
exporte milligan
Supreme Court ruling that military tribunals could not try civilians when the civil courts were open
scalawags
Derogatory term for white Southerners who coooperated with the Republican Reconstruction governments
carpetbaggers
Derogatory term for Northerners who came to the South during Reconstruction and sometimes took part in Republican state governments
fifteenth
Constitutional amendment guaranteeing blacks the right to vote
Alaska
"Seward's Folly," acquired in 1867 from Russia
Exodusters
blacks who left the south for Kansas and elsewhere during reconstruction
Oliver O. Howard
pro-black general who led an agency that tried to assist the freedmen
Andrew Johnson
Born a poor white southerner, he became the white South's champion against radical Reconstruction
Abraham Lincoln
Author of the moderate 10% Reconstruction plan that ran into congressional opposition
Civil Rights Bill of 1866
The first congressional attempt to guarantee black rights in the South, passed over Johnson's veto
Charles Sumner
Beaten in the Senate chamber before the Civil War, he became the leader of Senate Republican radicals during Reconstruction
Thaddeus Stevens
Leader of radical Republicans in the House of Representatives
Military Reconstruction Act of 1867
Congressional law that imposed military rule on the South and demanded harsh conditions for readmision of the seceded states
Hiram Revels
Black Republican senator from Mississippi during Reconstruction
Klu Klux Klan
Secret organization that intimidated blacks and worked to restore white supremacy
Force Acts of 1870 and 1871
Laws designed to stamp ou Klu Klux Klan terrorism in the South
Tenure of Office Act
A constitutionally questionable law whose violation by President Johnson formed the basis for his impeachment
Union Leauge
Leading Black political organization during Reconstruction
Benjamin Wade
The president pro tempore of the Senate who hoped to become president of the United States after Johnson's impeachment conviction
William Seward
Secretary of state who arranged an initialy unpopular but valuable land deal in 1867
strengthened Southern hatred of yankees
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
The South's military defeat in the Civil War destroyed the Southern economy but
provide much other assistance to them
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
The Freedmen's Bureau successfully educated former slaves but failed to
imposed slavery like restrictions on blacks and angered the North
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
The Black Codes of 1865
refuse to seat Southern delegations in Congress
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
The election of ex-Confederates to Congress in 1865 prompted Republicans to
mild reconstruction and helped elect overwhelming Republican majorities to Congress
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
Johnson's "swing around the circlle" in the election of 1866 weakened support for ________ (and)___________________________________
establish governments that upheld black voting and other civil rights
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
Military Reconstuction and the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amenments forced all Southern states to
some corruption but also enacted many valuable social reforms
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
The "radical" Southern state Reconstruction governments engaged in
intimidated black voters and tried to keep blacks in their place
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
The Klu Klux Klan
politically motivated trial to remove the president from office
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
The Radical Republicans' hatred of Johnson provoked a
embittered white southerners while doing little to really help blacks
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
the whole Reconstruction Era