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Science Section 7
Terms in this set (17)
what is an organic compound? what elements do they all contain?
They are large molecules that contain carbon
How many bonds can Carbon come from?
4 covalent bonds
what shapes can organic compounds take?
Chains, rings, and branching chains`
What are hydrocarbons made of?
Carbon and hydrogen onlyq
What are hydrocarbons used for?
Things like propane, octane, butane, methane-used as fuels
What are the roots and how many carbons do they represent?
Meth-1, Eth-2, Prop-3, but-4, pent-5, hex-6, hept-7,oct-8
What kinds of bonds are indicated by the endings ane,ene,yne
and is singel bonds, ene is double bonds and yne is triple bonds`
What does cyclo mean?
it indicates that the compound has a ring structure
What is benzene an example of?
A carbon compound in the shape of a ring.
What group is found in alcohols?
An -OH group
What are esters used for and how are they made?
Esters are used for artificial flavors, soaps, fibers( polyester), perfumes and are made by combining an organic acid and an alcohol.
Is plastic a monomer or polymer?
What is a polymer?
A large compound made of smaller subunits called monomers
Proteins a. what are they made of?
b. what are they used for or found in?
c. what kinds of bonds connect amino acids?
d. how many amino acids are there?
a. amino acids
b. foods, hair,nails, muscle, skin
c. peptide bonds
a. What are they 2 types of carbohydrates and the differences between them?
b. Examples of sugars
a. Sugar and starches. Sugars are monomers that provide quick energy . starches are polymers that are made up of sugars and provide long term energy.
b. sucrose, glucose, lactose, fructose( look for the -ose ending
a. What are the 3 major groups of lipids?
b. What is the difference between saturated and unsaturated fats?
c. What is the difference between monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats?
a. Fats, oils, and waxes
b. Saturated fats have all single bonds,are solids at room temperature and are often from animals, unsaturated fats have at least 1 double bond, are liquids at room temperature and usually come from plants
c. Polyunsaturated have 2 or more double bonds and monounsaturated has 1 double bond
a. Give 2 examples of nucleic acids.
b. what makes up a nucleic acid?
c. What are the 4 nucleotides found in DNA?
d. What is the shape of the DNA molecule?
e. What does the order of the nucleotieds determine?
f. what are the 3 parts of the nucleotide?
a. DNA and RNA
c. Adenine, cytosine, guanine and thymine
d. double helix
e. The protein that is made
f. sugar, phosphate, and base
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