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government chapter 19
Terms in this set (57)
True or False: Americans are the healthiest people in the world
Overall, about ________ percent of the Gross Domestic Product goes to the health industry.
Compared to Western European nations, the United States has a ________ infant mortality rate.
Which country has the highest infant mortality rate?
Health care in the United States constitutes nearly
15 percent of Americaʹs gross domestic product.
Which of the following countries has the lowest life expectancy?
A) Italy B) Japan C) United States D) Canada E) France
C) United States
Which of the following is a reason that American health care expenses are so high?
A) Americans visit the doctor more often.
B) Americans have longer hospital stays.
C) Doctors practice ʺoffensive medicineʺ to avoid medical liability.
D) High-tech care is available for previously untreatable conditions.
D) High-tech care is available for previously untreatable conditions.
Americans have ________ health care.
high-tech, expensive, and unequal
The infant mortality rate ranks _____ in the United States among the world's nations
Which of the following contributes to higher costs of medical care in the United States?
A) The best doctors tend to practice abroad where insurance premiums are lower.
B) Americans are the healthiest people in the world.
C) Insured patients have little incentive to ask for cheaper care.
D) Malpractice insurance costs for doctors are covered by the federal government.
Doctors have no reason to compete with each other to offer cheaper health care expenses because
insurance companies and government pay for most health care expenses.
Access to health insurance in the United States is strongly related to
race and income.
________ is part of the Social Security system and covers 40 million American seniors with hospitalization insurance and other optional health insurance.
In the United States, the largest single source of health care dollars comes from
The United States government finances much of the medical research done in the country through
the NationalInstitutes of Health
The National Institutes of Health provides funds for
medical research in the United States
Americans pay about ________ percent of their health care costs out of their own pockets.
Medicare was adopted in 1965 to provide government health insurance to
The first president to call for national health insurance was
The federal program that permits older Americans to purchase inexpensive coverage for doctor fees and other non-hospital expenses is
Medicare Part B.
Medicaid is a program designed to provide health care for
the very poor
Does Medicaid provide health care for all poor Americans?
What is the largest voluntary association in the world?
American Association of Retired Persons
True or False: the American Association of Retired Persons has avoided involvement in political activity.
Business groups are becoming increasingly active in health care policy making because
private employers often pay the insurance premiums fortheir employees.
The primary focus of President Clintonʹs Health Security Act was
providing health care for all Americans.
Under Bill Clintonʹs proposed Health Security Act, the brunt of the increased health care costs would have fallen most directly on
George W. Bushʹs proposal for lowering medical costs by encouraging health savings accounts can best be described as
Which aspect of health care costs has increased the fastest?
Of the following, who can not be considered a strong advocate for stem cellresearch?
A) GeorgeW. Bush B) MichaelJ. Fox C) NancyReagan
D) ChristopherReeve E) the State of California
Oregon started rationing health care provided under Medicaid by
deciding not to pay for some costly treatments in orderto provide medical care to more
The enforcement of the Clean Air Act and other anti-pollution legislation is administered by what regulatory body?
Environmental Protection Agency
Which of the following is NOT true about the Environmental Protection Agency?
A) It is the nationʹs largest regulatory agency.
B) It is in charge of administering policies dealing with toxic wastes such as dangerous
C) It enforces the Clean Air Act, the Water Pollution Control Act, and many other
D) It was established in the 1910s.
E) The head of the EPA is a cabinet member.
It was established in the 1910s.
The National Environmental Policy Act, the Clean Air Act, and the Water Pollution Control Act are implemented by the
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
The Clean Air Act of 1970 empowered the Department of Transportation to authorize
mandatory reductions in automobile emissions.
The smaller size of American cars, the use of unleaded gasoline, and the lower gas consumption of new cars are all due in large part to
Department of Transportation regulations.
Auto companies have been partially successful in their efforts to delay implementation of
clean air standards.
The Water Pollution Control Act of 1972 has successfully improved the water quality of
the Great Lakes and northeastern rivers.
About ________ percent of the United States is now designated as protected wilderness.
Half of the designated wilderness area in the United States is located in
Perhaps the most consistently successful environmental campaigns in the post-war era have been those aimed at
The Endangered Species Act of 1973, as originally passed, required that the government
actively protect each of the hundreds of species listed as endangered,regardless of the
economic effect on the surrounding region.
The Superfund is paid for by
taxes on chemical products.
Which of the following is NOT true about Superfund?
A) Taxes on chemical products are used to pay for it.
B) It has successfully located and isolated the countryʹs toxic waste dump sites and has completely cleaned more than half of those sites.
C) It was created by Congress in part to respond to the Love Canal disaster in New York state.
D) Its costs represent the fastest growing segment of the nationʹs environmental budget.
E) It is administered by the EPA.
The Superfund was created to
clean up toxic waste.
Which of the following statements about the Superfund is FALSE?
A) The law can force polluters to clean up pollution that occurred even before the law was passed.
B) Its purpose is to pay for cleaning up toxic waste.
C) It was created by taxing chemical products.
D) It has been highly successful.
E) A single polluter can be forced to pay for cleanup of a site that was also polluted by many others.
To successfully dispose of nuclear wastes, they must be isolated from the environment for ________ years.
A large number of legal suits currently involve conflicts over who will pay to
clean up radioactive wastes.
After more than a decade of political delays, President Bush in 2002 signed off on Congressional legislation choosing Yucca Flats, Nevada, as the
site for the long-term storage of nuclear waste.
An estimated 90 percent of the energy resources of the United States is in
Americaʹs coal deposits are expected to last
for hundreds of years.
Which of the following is NOT true of coal?
A) It is the nationʹs most abundant fuel.
B) It is responsible for the ʺblack lungsʺ health hazard to coal miners.
C) It accounts for half the energy Americans use.
D) Its use to produce electricity is linked to acid rain.
E) About 90 percent of all of Americaʹs energy resources are in coal.
The ʺdirtiestʺ type of fuel is
The most controversial energy source is
Global warming refers to
the expectation that the Earthʹs atmosphere is becoming warmer due to high levels of
carbon monoxide production.
At the end of 1997, 150 nations met in Kyoto, Japan, and agreed in principle to reduce
their emissions of greenhouse gases below 1990 levels by about 2010.
Which of the following is a renewable resource?
A) coal B) solar energy C) natural gas D) oil
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