the subdivision of human geography focused on the nature and implications of the evolving spatial organization of political governance and formal political practice on the Earth's surface
The widely shared beliefs, values, and norms concerning the relationship of citizens to government and to one another.
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states
The actual placing of a political boundary on the landscape by means of barriers, fences, walls, or other markers.
A bounded (nonisland) piece of territory that is part of a particular state but lies separated from it by the territory of another state.
boundaries that mark breaks in the human landscape based on differences in ethnicity
a boundary that existed before the cultural landscape emerged and stayed in place while people moved in to occupy the surrounding area...
a boundary that is imposed on the cultural landscape which ignores pre-existing cultural patterns (typically a colonial boundary)...
A political boundary that has ceased to function but the imprint of which can still be detected on the cultural landscape.
The view that states resemble biological organisms with life cycles that include all stages of life.
Hypotheses proposed by Halford Mackinder that held that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain enough strength to eventually dominate the world
Nicholas Spykman's theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provided the base for world conquest.
the process by which some nations enrich themselves through political and economic control of other nations
the portion of a country that contains its economic, political, intellectual, and cultural focus.
A state that possesses more than one core or dominant region, be it economic, political or cultural.
An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government.
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials
The study of the interactions among space, place, and region and the conduct and results of elections.
Law of the Sea
laws establishing states' rights and responsibilities concerning the ownership and use of the Earth's waters and their resources.
Policy of the United States With Respect to the Natural Resources of the Subsoil and Sea Bed of the Continental Shelf
lines made to distribute water ways when states are within 200 miles of each other
Actions taken by countries against others for political reasons, either unilaterally or multilaterally.
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
a zone of exploitation extending 200 nautical miles seaward from a coastal state that has exclusive mineral and fishing rights over it
actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope
the process of declining from a higher to a lower level of effective power or vitality or essential quality