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75 terms

Chapter 22 vocab

psychiatry
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phenothiazines
antipsychotic tranquilizers
anorexia nervosa
eating disorder marked by excessive dieting
cyclothymic disorder
pertaining to exhibiting cycles of depression and exhilaration
schizophrenia
a psychosis involving delusions, hallucinations, bizarre and illogical thinking
psychosomatic
pertaining to the interrelationship of mind and body
xenophobia
fear of strangers
hypochondriasis
exaggerated concern with one's health
acrophobia
fear of heights
affect
the emotional reaction of a patient
dementia
loss of higher mental functioning
delirium
confusion in thinking; faulty perceptions and irrational behavior
delusion
a fulase belief or idea that connot be changed by logical reasoning
labile
unstable; undergoing rapid emotional change
sadism
pleasure received from inflicting pain on others
mutism
pervasive lack of responsivenes to other people; stupor
mania
state of excessive excitability and agitation
amnesia
loss of memory
conversion
a defense mechanism in which anxiety is converted into a bodily symptom
depression
major mood disorder with chronic sadness, loss of energy, hopelessness, worry, discouragement
defense mechanism
unconscious technique (coping mechanism) that a person uses to resolve or conceal conflict and anxiety
dissociative disorder
chronic or sudden disturbance of memory, identity, or consciousness; multiple-personality disorder is an example
ego
central coordinating branch of the personality or mind
delusion
false sensory perception (hearing "voices" and seeing "things")
dementia
loss of intellectual abilities with impairment of memory, judgment and reasoning
gender identity disorder
strong and persistent cross-gender indentification with the opposite sex
fugue
flight from customary surroundings
anorexia nervosa
eating disorder of excessive dieting and refusal to maintain a normal body weight
delirium
confusion in thinking; faulty perceptions and irrational behavior
bulimia
binge eating followed by vomiting and depression
affect
external emotion or emotional response of a person
hallucination
false sensory perception
narcissistic
pertaining to grandiose sense of self-importance or uniqueness and peroccupation with fantasies of success or power (a personality type)
compulsion
uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly
lithium
substance used to treat the manic stage of manic-depressive illness
manic
extreme excitement, hyperactivity, inflated self-esteem
pedophilia
suexual urges and fantasies involving
id
major unconscious part of the personality (unconcious instincts and psychic energy present from birth.
fetishism
use of nonliving objects as substitutes for a human love object
mania
good feeling; "high"
amnesia
loss of memory
obsession
an involuntary, persistent idea, emotion, or urge
schizoid
personality that is aloof and emotionally cold
pyromania
strong impulse (obsessive) to set objects on fire
dysphoria
sadness, hopelessness, and depressive mood; feeling "low"
anxiolytic
drug that relieves anxiety and produces a relaxing effect
xenophobia
fear of strangers
psychiatry
branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness.
psychiatrists
complete the same medical training as for other physicians and receive an MD degree
psychotherapy
psychological techniques for treating mental disorders
psychoanalysts
complete 3 to 5 years of training in a special psychotherapeutic technique called psychoanalysis
psychoanalysis
patient freely relates her or his thoughts and associations to the analyst, who does not interfere with the process. interpretations are offered at appropriate times.
psychologists
nonmedical professional who is trained in methods of psychotherapy, analysis and research and completes a doctor of philosophy or doctor of educations degree program in a specific field of interest
apathy
absence of emotions; lack of interest, emotional involvement, or motivation
anxiety
varying degrees of uneasiness, apprehension, or dread often accompanied by palpitations, tightness in the chest, breathlessness, and choking sensations
euphoria
exaggerated feeling of well-being ("high")
mutism
little speech
superego
the internalized conscience and moral part of the personality
psychosis
word frequently used to describe mental illness
panic disorder
defined period of intense fear or discomfort in which symptoms develop abruptly and reach a peak within 10 minutes
post traumatic stress disorder
development of symptoms following exposure to a traumatic event.
Delirium tremens (DT's)
brought on by stopping alcohol consumption suddenly after prolonged periods of heavy alcohol ingestion
the difference between bulimia and anorexia nervosa
anorexia is refusal to maintain a minimally normal body weight by not eating. bulimia is binge eating followed by purging.
depressive disorder
theoccurrence of one or more major depressive episodes without a history of mania or hypomania
major depression
episodes of severe dysphoria (sadness, worry, hopelessness, discouragement).
antisocial
no loyalty to or concern for others. acts only in response o desires and impluses without moral standards. cannot tolerate frustration and blames others when he or she is at faut
borderline
instability in interpersonal relationships and sense of self. characterized by alternating involvement with and rejection of people. franticefforts are made to avoid real or imagined abandonment.
histrionic
emotional, attention-seeking, immature, and dependent; irrational outbursts and tantrums; glamboyant and theatrical; having general dissatisfaction with the self and angry feelings about the world.
schizoid
emotionally cold and aloof
Asperger syndrome
less severe type of autism
autism
occurs commonly during the first 3 years of life. marked by difficulties in verbal and nonverbal communication and in social and play interactions
flat affect
monotonous voice, immobile face and no signs of expression
exhibitionism
compulisve need to expose one's body, particularly the genitals to strangers
transvestic fetishism
cross-dressing; wearing clothing of the opposite sex. disorder has been described only in heterosexual males, who have intense sexually arousing fantasies, urges or behaviors involving cross-dressing
voyeurism
sexual excitement by observing unsuspected people who are naked, undressing or engaging in sexual activitiy.
electroconvulsive therapy
(ECT) electrical shock while patient is anesthetized. short term memory may never come back, but long term memory stays.