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7th Grade GA CRCT African Unit 2
Terms in this set (38)
What is one of the major problems facing those who depend on the Nile River fortheir water?
The water is contaminated with human and industrial waste.
How did the Aswan High Dam change Egyptian farming?
The Dam has allowed year-round irrigation.
What is silt?
rich topsoil carried from one location to another by floodwaters
Continued use of chemical fertilizer causes what to build up in soil?
Which part of Africa has access to the Niger River?
Which BEST describes a major use of the Niger River?
used for transportation and agriculture
Which BEST describes a major use of the Congo River?
irrigation of farmland
What do some people believe might lead to "water wars" in Africa in the future?
competition among countries that share a river system
Why do some governments ignore industrial pollution of major rivers andwaterways?
The people of most countries do not care about pollution.
What destroyed the grassland and forests that were once found in the Sahel?
continuous farming and over-grazing
Why are droughts a problem for farmers in the Sahel?
the soil is of poor quality and dry conditions result in even fewer crops
Which is a result of desertification for the people living in the Sahel region?
increased starvation and poverty
Which has been a major cause of desertification?
heavy seasonal winds coming off the desert
Which African country is losing its rainforest most rapidly today?
Why is most rainforest area lost today?
harsh drought and high winds
In what area are desertification problems the greatest?
What is meant by the "Green Line" when one is talking about desertification?
the line between the desert and cultivated areas
Which phrase best describes the Sahara region?
hot, dry deser
What is a nomad?
one who wanders from place to place to find food and water
What were two of the most important trade goods carried across the Sahara Desert by camel caravan?
gold and salt
What has been the most reliable way to get across the Sahara over the centuries?
What is the name for a desert area that gets some rainfall or where there is aspring?
Which phrase best describes the Sahel?
an area that borders the desert
Why is farming so difficult in the African Sahel?
Thick grass makes farming difficult.
What is the most common way people make a living the Sahel?
herding and subsistence farming
Which is a consequence of cutting down trees for fuel in the Sahel?
How large is the region known as the African Sahel?
The region extends from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean just south of the Sahara Desert.
Which phrase best describes the savanna?
grasslands making up half of the African continent
Which is found on the African savanna?
a heavy jungle canopy
Which is the greatest danger for the African savanna today?
activities of people
What are some African countries trying to do to protect the savanna?
stopping all commercial logging in central Africa
Which phrase BEST describes the rainforest?
humid and warm with thick vegetation
How does the African rainforest rank in the world in terms of size?
the largest in the world
In what part of Africa is the largest rainforest found?
the Nile River basin
Beginning in the 1800s, what did European nations do that affected the African rainforest?
cleared large areas of land for great plantations
What is the definition of "deforestation"?
cutting down and clearing trees from the area
What does it mean if a plant or animal becomes extinct?
There are no more of that type of plant or animal alive in the world.
Which is a factor in the destruction of the African rainforest?
annual grass fires
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Africa - CRCT Book
African CRCT p. 65-73
Africa Study Guide
Africa Geography Standards G2-G4
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