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MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

STUDY
PLAY
GREEK AND LATIN
TERMS BUILT FROM GREEK AND LATIN WORD PARTS. SUCH AS ARTHRITIS
EPONYMS
TERMS DERIVED FROM THE NAME OF A PERSON, OFTEN A PHYSICIAN OR SCIENTIST WHO WAS THE FIRST TO IDENTIFY A CONDITION OR TECHNIQUE SUCH AS ALZHEIMER DISEASE
ACRONYMS
TERMS FORMED FROM THE FIRST LETTERS OF THE WORDS IN A PHRASE THAT CAN BE SPOKEN AS A WHOLE WORD AND USUALLY CONTAIN A VOWEL, SUCH AS LASER(LIGHT AMPLIFICATION BY STIMULATED EMISSION OF RADIATION)
MODERN LANGUAGE
TERMS DERIVED FROM THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE SUCH AS NUCLEAR MEDICINE SCANNER
FOUR WORD PARTS
ROOT, PREFIX, SUFFIX, COMBINING FORM(COMBINING VOWEL)
SCOPY
MEANING VISUAL EXAMINATION(SUFFIX)
ITIS
MEANING INFLAMMATION(SUFFIX)
OMA
MEANING TUMOR(SUFFIX)
BI
MEANING TWO(PREFIX)
SUB
MEANING UNDER(PREFIX)
INTRA
MEANING WITHIN(PREFIX)
BRADY
MEANING SLOW(PREFIX)
A
MEANING WITHOUT(PREFIX)
COMBINING VOWEL
A WORD PART, USUALLY AN O, USED TO EASE PRONUNCIATION
GUIDELINES FOR USING COMBINING VOWELS
1. WHEN CONNECTING A ROOT AND A SUFFIX, CV IS USED IF THE SUFFIX DOES NOT BEGIN WITH A VOWEL. 2. WHEN CONNECTING A ROOT AND SUFFIX, CV IS USUALLY NOT USED IF THE SUFFIX BEGINS WITH A VOWEL.
3. WHEN CONNECTING TWO ROOTS A CV IS USUALLY USED EVEN IF VOWELS ARE PRESENT AT THE JUNCTION.
4. WHEN CONNECTING A PREFIX AND A ROOT A CV IS NOT USED
CATEGORIES OF MEDICAL TERMS
1. TERMS BUILT FROM WORD PART(CAN BE TRANSLATED LITERALLY TO FIND THEIR MEANING)
2. TERMS NOT BUILT FROM WORD PARTS(CANNOT BE TRANSLATED LITERALLY TO FIND THEIR MEANING)
WORD ROOT
CORE OF A WORD
SUFFIX
ATTACHED AT THE END OF A WORD ROOT TO MODIFY ITS MEANING
PREFIX
ATTACHED AT THE BEGINNING OF A WORD TO MODIFY ITS MEANING
COMBINING VOWEL
USUALLY AN O USED BETWEEN TWO WORD ROOTS OR A WORD ROOT AND SUFFIX TO EASE PRONUNCIATION
COMBINING FORM
WORD ROOT PLUS COMBINING VOWEL SEPERATED BY A VERTICAL SLASH: IE: HEPAT/O
ANALYZING
DIVIDING MEDICAL TERMS INTO WORD PARTS, THEN LABELING EACH WORD PART AND COMBINING FORM
DEFINING
APPLYING THE MEANING OF EACH WORD PART CONTAINED IN THE MEDICAL TERM TO DERIVE ITS MEANING
BUILDING
PLACING WORD PARTS TOGETHER TO FROM WORDS
TOMY
MEANING INCISION