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PH 4: Unit 3 Review
Terms in this set (30)
_____ and _____ are used primarily to treat insomnia.
Sedatives and Hypnotics
_____ are drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree that they reduce nervousness, excitability or irritability without causing sleep.
_____ are drugs that when give at low doses, calm or soothe the CNS without inducing sleep, but given in higher doses may cause sleep.
_____ is a narcotic that helps induce sleep.
Do sedatives induce sleep? (Yes/No)
Do hypnotics induce sleep? (Yes/No)
Yes, at higher doses
_____ _____ are a group of compounds used within the CNS to relieve pain associated with skeletal spasms.
_____ is most effective in relieving spasms due to trauma or inflammation.
The most important side effects to remember for non-barbiturate muscle relaxants includes...
muscle weakness with ataxia.
What is a nursing diagnosis for a patient taking a non-barbiturate muscle relaxer, such as Baclofen?
Risk of injury related to ataxa or associated side effects.
Malignant hyperthermia may be caused by MS or spinal cord injury and can be treated with _____.
Benzodiazepines are contraindicated in patients with _____ and can result in physical dependency.
_____ are drugs that help relieve anxiety.
CNS side effects associated with anxiolytics include:
Barbiturates, in low doses, act as _____.
Barbiturates can increase the _____ if paradoxical effect occurs.
Barbiturate drugs act quicker on the body due to what function changes occurring in the liver?
Enzyme inducers of the liver increase metabolism of the drug.
In the presence of pain, barbiturates may cause _____ or _____.
excitement or delirium
When a barbiturate is stopped, this can cause a rebound effect. This rebound effect causes _____ as REM sleep increases.
"REM sleep" is also known as "_____ _____".
If an overdose on barbiturates occurs, _____-_____ type respirations can occur.
An overdose of barbiturates can overwhelm the _____ while trying to metabolize the drug. Enzyme production will increase in this organ.
Opioids can usually be given _____ hour(s) after barbiturates (or vise versa).
Barbiturates are (sedatives, hypnotics).
Barbiturates should be cautiously used in what type of patients?
Paradoxical excitement and increased sensitivity may occur in geriatric patients due to a decrease in _____ and _____ functions.
liver and renal
What is a nursing priority for patients on sedatives and hypnotics?
Respiratory rates should always be greater than _____.
Give sedative and hypnotic medication _____ to _____ minutes before bedtime.
Patients on prescribed sedatives or hypnotics should be instructed, by the nurse, to avoid which types of medications? If the patient should take these medications, ensure that a consultation with their doctor is completed.
OTC Cough, Cold and Allergy Medications
This set is often in folders with...
PH 4: Unit 2 Review
PH 4: Unit 4 Review
PH 4: Unit 6 Review
PH 4: Unit 7 Review
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