The Insular Cases
Terms in this set (8)
definition of spanish american war
conflict between the US and Spain that ended Spanish colonial rule in the americas and gave the US territories in the western pacific and latin america.
a cause of the war
Cuban struggle for independence from Spain in Feb 1895.
another cause of the war
Spain's brutally repressive measures to stop the revolution which was shown in American newspapers. This made us feel empathy and want to help Cuba.
yet another cause of the war
The sinking of the battleship USS Maine in Havana made the US start to demand the independent rights of Cuba.
-Spain didn't have their army or navy ready so the war was pathetically one-sided.
-George Dewey led a US naval squadron into Manila Bay, Phillipines in May 1898, and destroyed the anchored Spanish in an easy fight that only wounded 7 Americans.
-By August, Manila was occupied by US troops.
-the Spanish Caribbean fleet occurred under Adm. Cervera and was located in Santiago.
-an army of troops and volunteers under Gen. Shafter (and Teddy Roosevelt) landed near Santiago and forced Cervera's fleet out of the harbor.
-Cervera tried to escape in July along the coast, but his ships were blown up or being sunken by the US.
-Santiago surrendered to Shafter on July 17, which ended the war.
treaty of paris (dec. 1898)
-renounces Spain's claim to Cuba and gets the US Guam and Puerto Rico.
-transfered authority of the Philipines to the US for $20,000,000.
-Spain's defeat turned their attention away from over seas and toward their own domestic needs.
-the US became a world power with overseas possessions and a new stake in international politics.
the insular cases
a series of five Supreme Court rulings from 1901 to 1922 to determine whether or not their new territories should be included in America under the Constitution.