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30 terms

EOC REVIEW PART 1

US Government EOC Review
STUDY
PLAY
Make Laws
What is the job of the Legislative branch?
Enforce Laws
What is the job of the Executive Branch?
Explain and Interpret Laws
What is the job of the Judicial Branch?
22nd Amendment
What Amendment limits the President to serving for a maximum of 2 terms?
Veto Law
How can the President check Congress's ability to make laws?
Impeachment
How can Congress check the President to make sure he is following the rules?
Appoint Supreme Court Justices
How can the President check the power of the Supreme Court?
Approve the Appointment of Justices
How can Congress check the power of the Supreme Court?
Declare Law Unconstitutional
How can the judicial branch check the power of the executive and legislative branches?
Presidential Government
What is a type of government in which the power to make and enforce law is divided between 2 branches and the President is elected separately from the legislature?
Parliamentary Government
What is a type of government in which parliament has the power to make and enforce law and the Prime Minister is chosen from the legislature?
Federalism
What is a type of government in which power is divided EQUALLY between a national government and several local governments?
United States
What is a current example of a country using a federal form of government?
Rome
What is a historical example of a country that was a republic/representative democracy?
Federal Law Wins
What happens if federal law conflicts with state law?
Constitution
According to the Supremacy clause what is the highest law in the land?
Reserved Powers
What are powers that only belong to the states?
Exclusive Powers
What are powers that only belong to the national government?
Confederacy
What is a type of government in which power is divided between a weak national government and strong state governments?
Magna Carta
What was the 1st document to establish limited government and the rights of the accused?
Mayflower Compact
First suggested the idea of self-government in the Americas.
Virginia Plan
Formed the basis for the Constitution; Favored Large states by suggesting that representation in Congress be based on Population.
Articles of Confederation
1st form of government in the United States. Failed epically because the national government was too weak.
Marbury v Madison
Established Judicial Review
McCulloch v Maryland
Established Implied Powers; Affirmed the Supremacy Clause
Plessy v Ferguson
Separate but Equal Segregation Allowed
Brown v Board
Overturned Segregation/Plessy v Ferguson
Miranda v Arizona
Police must inform suspects of rights before questioning
Dred Scott v Sandford
Slaves are not citizens and have no legal rights; MO Compromise is Unconstitutional
Equal Representation in the Senate
What part of the Great Compromise benefited small states?