Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (61)
most products of fat metabolism are transported in lymph as..
catabolism of fats involves 2 separate pathways
glycerol and fatty acids pathway
__ are important components of myelin and cell membranes
endocrine organs use__ to synthesize steroid hormones
switching from an amine group from an amino acid to a keto acid
most important anabolic nutrients
what is necessary for protein synthesis
complete set of amino acids
bodys total supply of free amino acids is source for resynthesizing body proteins, forming aa derivatives, gluconeogenesis
amino acid pool
can excess carb and fat be stored?
time during and shortly after nutrient intake
time when GI is empty, energy sources supplied by breakdown of body reserves
major energy fuel
excess aa are__ and used for energy
in muscle aa become
in muscle glucose is converted to
in adipose tissue glucose and fats are converted and stored as..
all tissues use__to synthesize ATP
insulin enhances active transport of__ into tissue cells
insulin enhances facilitated diffusion of__into tissue
consequence of inadequate insulin production or abnormal insulin receptors
in diabetes__ glucose becomes unavailable to most body cells
proteins are broken down into
triglycerides are turned into
glycerol and fatty acids
glycogen is broken into
aa are converted to__ in liver
fatty acids and ketone bodies are used in most tissue to make__
glucose from the liver is used by the nervous system to generate__
glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis
package fatty acids, make plasma proteins, form nonessential aa, stores glucose as glycogen, stores vitamins
lipoproteins are classified as..
high density lipoproteins have more protein content
low density lipoproteins have a considerable cholesterol component
LDLs transport__ to peripheral tissues and reg cholesterol synthesis
HDLs transport excess cholesterol from peripheral tissues to__
high levels of__ are thought to protect against heart attack
high levels of__ increase risk of heart attack
what produces cholesterol
non dietary factors affecting cholesterol
stress,cig smoking,cofee drinking, incr LDL levels
aerobic exercise__HDL levels
bond energy released from catabolized food must equal the...
total energy output
nearly all energy derived from food is eventually convertedto...
heat from energy allows metabolic rxns to occur..
hypothalamus releases peptides that influence ...
high plasma levels of nutrients that signal depressed eating
plasma glucose, aa, fatty acids and leptin
__secreted by fat tissue, appears to be the overall satiety signal
rate of energy output equal to the total heat produced
reflects energy the body needs to perform its most essential acitvities
basal metabolic rate
males have a disproportionately high
balance bt heat production and heat loss
during vigorous exercise, heat production from skeletal muscles can increase...
what organs have highest temperature
organs in the core
what has lowest temperature
does temp on skin fluctuate more than core temp?
main thermoregulation center is the__region of hypothalamus
low temp activates heat promoting enters of hypothalamus to cause...
shunt blood to core, incr metabolic rate, shivering, enhanced thyroxine release
when core temp rises, heat loss center is activated to cause...
radiate heat from body, enhanced sweating
hyperthermia is common result of..
infection, cancer, allergic rxns, CNS injuries
what resets the hypothalamic thermostat
Sets with similar terms
Ch 26 Nutrition and Metabolism
Test 4- Nutrition
Nutrition and Metabolism
Other sets by this creator
BIO 137 acid/base
BIO 137 Urinary
BIO 137 Urinary1
BIO 137 Urinary1