Chapters 5, 6, and 1/2 of 7
A lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn culture.
refers to a person's fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking, and feeling.
is Freud's term for the human being's basic drives.
is Freud's term for a person's conscious efforts to balance innate pleasure-seeking drives with the demands of society.
is Freud's term for the cultural values and norms internalized by an individual.
is Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals experience the world only through their senses.
is Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals first use language and other symbols.
Concrete operational stage
is Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals first perceive causal connections in their surroundings.
Formal operational stage
is Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals think abstractly and critically.
is George Herbert Mead's term for that part of an individual's personality composed of self-awareness and self-image.
Looking- Glass Self
is Cooley's term for a self-image based on how we think others see us.
is George Herbert Mead's term for widespread cultural norms and values we use as a reference in evaluating ourselves.
is a social group whose members have interests, social position, and age in common.
is learning that helps a person achieve a desired position
are impersonal communications aimed at a vast audience.
is a category of people with common characteristics, usually their age.
is a setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society and manipulated by an administrative staff.
refers to radically changing an inmate's personality by carefully controlling the environment.
are people, such as parents, who have special importance for socialization.
The stage at which children begin to use language and other symbols is called the
according to Freud, this represents the human beings basic drives
the part of an individual's personality composed of self-awareness and self-image.
likens everyday life to a theatrical performance in which people slant their behavior to satisfy the demands of a particular audience?
Harold Garfinkel coined this term, which is the study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
Conventional and Unconventional Reality
Humor comes from contrast between these two realities.
The way we socially construct our emotions as part of our everyday reality
process by which people disengage from important social roles
the process by which people act and react in relation to others
a social position that a person occupies
is all the statuses that a person holds at a given time
a social position a person receives at birth or assumes involuntarily later in life
a social position a person assumes voluntarily that reflects ability and effort
a status that a society defines as having special importance for social identity, often shaping a person's entire life
A behavior expected of someone who holds a particular status
a number of roles attached to a single status
conflict among the roles corresponding to two or more statuses
tension among the roles connected to a single status
Social Construction of reality
the process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction
the assertion that situations that are defined as real are real in their consequences
the study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings
the study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance
Presentation of self
a person's efforts to create specific impressions in the minds of others
communication using body movements, gestures, and facial expressions rather than speech
the surrounding area over which a person makes some claim to privacy
two or more people who identify and interact with one another
a small group whose members share personal and enduring relationships
a large and impersonal social group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity
is group leadership that emphasizes the completion of tasks
group leadership that focuses on collective well-being
the tendency of group members to conform, resulting in a narrow view of some issues
social groups that serve as points of reference in making evaluations and decisions
a social group commanding a member's esteem and loyalty
a social group toward which one feels competition or opposition
a social group with two members
a social group with three members
Web of weak social ties
George Herbert Mead's term for widespread cultural norms and values we use as a reference in evaluating ourselves