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US History Midterm (Cooper)
Terms in this set (124)
What was the western border of the United States after gaining independence from Great Britain?
(the) Mississippi River
Which of the 13 Original Colonies was established for humanitarian purposes (prisoners, criminals, debtors)?
Which explorer searched for the Northwest Passage (path to India&China from Europe)?
The following (3) European countries established settlements in territory that became part of the United States:
Spain, Holland, Great Britain
The monarchs of ______ financed Christopher Columbus's voyage to the New World in 1492.
What petition did Americans send to Great Britain shortly after the members of the Second Continental Congress began their work?
(The) Olive Branch Petition
In what state (in the United States today) was the first Puritan settlement established?
About when did slave laborers begin to replace indentured servants to become the dominant labor supply in the Southern colonies?
The ____ __ _______ terrorized officials who were responsible for collecting the taxes placed upon Americans by the Stamp Act.
Sons of Liberty
In 1776, Thomas Paine's powerful pamphlet entitled ______ _____ played a key role in shifting public opinion in America to favor political independence from Great Britain.
The English philosopher ____ _____ said that people created governments and could overthrow any government that abused the rights of the people.
Merchants from ________ were the first to become involved in the slave trade.
After the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passed several laws to punish the citizens of Massachusetts, especially those living in Boston. Americans called these laws the ____________ ____.
True or False: Town meetings provided local government in all the colonies.
False (Only the New England colonies participated in town meetings)
What British decree restriced the ability of Americans to move westward, past the Appalachain Mountains?
(The) Proclamation of 1763
In what decade was the first permanent English settlement in North Amweica?
The ______ ___________ ________ acted as the first national government of the United States.
Second Continental Congress
The first battles of the American Revolution took place near the city of ______.
The following (3) were great Indian civilizations located to the south of the present-day United States borders:
Aztec, Incan, Mayan
The trip across the Atlantic Ocean for slaves was known as the ______ _______.
Approximately __ % of all slaves taken from African were sent to the 13 Colonies.
What was the most valuable crop produced in the 13 Colonies (before the Revolution)?
Before an ammendment can become part of the Constitution, it must be approved by ___ of the state legislatures.
What was the first constitution of the United States?
(The) Articles of Confederation
The annual Presidential salary is $______.
The creation of the _________ _______ shows that the Framers of the Constitution worried that the people might not be educated enough to choose the President directly.
At the Battles of Lexington and Concord, members of the volunteer militia known as the _________ confronted the British soldiers traveling to Concord to capture weapons and rebel leaders.
_________ was the first permanent English settlement in the area that later became the United States. (1607)
In 1776, ______ _____ wrote the pamphlet "Common Sense" that played a key role in shifting public opinion in America to favor political independence from Great Britain.
______ __________ served as the commanding general of the Continental Army.
___ _______ invented the cotton gin in 1793.
____ _____ sailed and searched for a Northwest Passage to the Far East.
The ______ __ _____ in 1783 gave Americans Independence from British rule.
Treaty of Paris
The term for a member of the House of Representatives is __ years long.
Parliament enacted a series of laws known as the __________ ____ to regulate colonial trade.
____ ________ provided local government in the New England colonies.
The first ten ammendments to the Constitution are called the ____ __ ______.
Bill of Rights
___ ______, a slave preacher, led a bloody slave rebellion in Virginia in 1831.
___ ______ represents most of Davidson County in the House of Representatives.
The ___________ ______ of government is the subject of Article I of the Constitution.
The antebellum reform movement was sparked by a religious revival known as the _____ _____ _________.
Second Great Awakening
Which president was critized for buying Alaska?
Which state was an independent nation for nine years before becoming a part of the United States?
Who was associated with the movement to provide the mentally ill with humane treatment?
Which movement was Elizabeth Cady Stanton associated with?
The slogan "54-40 or fight" refers to the determination of Americans to acquire all of ______ _______.
_________ _______, a slave who ran away to freedom , became a famous African American abolitionist who published his own newspaper entitled The North Star.
According to a powerful ideology known as ________ _______, the United States had a divine right to spread its borders to the Pacific Ocean.
_______ ______, who escaped from slavery , risked her life repeatedly by slipping into the slave states to lead runaway slaves to freedom by means of the Underground Railroad.
The American Colonization Society established the nation of _______ on the West Coast of Africa to receive former slaves.
___ _________ was the abolitionist newspaper that William Lloyd Garrison started publishing in 1831 in Boston.
Which ammendment to the Constitution defined American citizenship, required states to provide equality under the law and to extend due process of law to all citizens?
What was the principal purpose of the Gadsen Purchase?
(a route for the) southern transcontinental railroad
Which state entered the Union after a gold rush prompted thousands of men to rush to the area of the gold discovery?
If the _______ _______ had passed, it would have prohibited slavery in any territory acquired by war with Mexico.
According to the Treaty of Paris of 1783, what was the western border of the Original United States?
(the) Mississippi River
In which state did the first battle of the Civil War begin?
The call for the immediate abolition of slavery was associated with the ________ ___________ _______.
American Antislavery Society
Northern whites who came to the South and became Republicans were commonly called _____________.
In 1861, Abraham Lincoln and the North went to war with the South primarily to ________ ___ _____.
preserve the Union
_________ _____ became the President of the Confederate States of America.
After the Civil War, most black farmers in the South became _____________ who rented the land that they farmed from whites.
The phrase "_____ _____" refers to the fact that the Democratic Party held power in the South for almost 100 years after Reconstruction.
The American Colonization Society established a settlement on the west coast of Africa to serve as a destination for liberated slaves that became the modern nation of _______.
The ______ __ ____ ___, which was fought in Northern Virginia, was the first major battle of the Civil War because thousands of casualties were suffered on both sides.
Battle of Bull Run
_____ ______ was President when the United States purchased Florida from the Spanish.
_____ was an independent nation for nine years before it became a state in the United States.
Where did the Industrial Revolution begin in the United States?
During the era of cattle drives, the _______ _____ connected San Antonio, Texas with the railroad at Abilene, Kansas.
Which part of the United States was labled as "The Great American Desert"?
(the) Great Plains
In 1881, Helen Hunt Jackson published an important book entitled _ _______ __ ________ that called attention to the mistreatment of Native Americans.
A Century of Dishonor
The Bessemer Process was utilized in the production of _____.
Which system of production involves one company controlling the entire industrial process from obtaining raw materials to distributing the final product?
Which entrepreneur pioneered the steel industry?
Which entrepreneur pioneered the petroleum/oil industry?
John (D.) Rockefeller
Which entrepreneur pioneered the tobacco industry?
Which entrepreneur pioneered the meatpacking industry?
As a part of their worship services during the revival that began in the late 1880s, the Native Americans participated in a ritual that was known as the _____ _____.
One of the advantages of the corporate form of ownership is that investors who buy stock enjoy _______ _________, meaning that creditors of a corporation cannot sue stockholders to collect debts of the corporation.
__________ ___________ occurs when one company buys a competitor in the same industry.
_________ __________ was an important railroad entrepreneur.
Old Stock Americans believed that the New Immigrants brought radical ideas such as anarchism, socialism, and _________ when they arrived in the United States.
communism (or Marxism)
______ _____ was noted for developing electrical energy as a source of power for illumination and for running machines in factories.
__ ______ became a wealthy and powerful investment banker on Wall Street.
__________ became a major center of steel production in the South.
The term "___ _____" was a reference to the South as it began to industrialize in the late 1800s.
The Gilded Age was a book written by ____ _____ that was highly critical of the urban/industrial society.
When supply and demand increase, ____ decreases.
The large outflow of rural blacks from the South to the Northern cities was called the _____ _________.
Which ammendment to the Constitution guarantees everyone equal treatment under the law?
Who was the British philosopher most closely associated with developing and promoting the ideas of Social Darwinsim? (Not Charles Darwin)
The main theme of nearly all of _______ _____'s novels was a poor boy becomes wealthy and powerful by hard work and perseverance.
In the late 1800s, which department employed nearly all the workers of the federal government ?
(the) Post Office
By the early 1900s, ______, an area in upper Manhattan, had become one of the largest black communities outside of the South.
The earliest motion pictures were shown in theaters called ___________ because of the cheaply priced tickets.
__________, a type of entertainment that was popular in the late 1800s and early 1900s, featured a veriety of acts such as dancers, comedians, magicians, and animal performers.
In 1896, the Supreme Court announced the separate but equal doctrine in the case of ______ __ ________.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
__ ____ ___________ is separation of the races that is required by law.
De jure segregation
True or False: The political equilibrium between the Democratic and Republican parties began in the late 1800s continued into the 1900s.
True or False: The Republican Party believed that a low tariff was best for the country.
Who wrote The Jungle?
What was the name of Frederick Douglass's newspaper?
The North Star
What was the movement to decrease alcoholism/abuse of alcohol in the United States?
(the) Temperance Movement
Which president was responsible for the Louisiana Purchase?
Who was the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin?
Harriet Beecher Stowe
What 3 territories did the US receive from Spain because of the Treaty of Paris of 1898? (Spanish-American War)
Guam, Puerto Rico, (The) Philippines
Which denomination in the urban areas attracted the most African American members in the late 1800s?
Which country seemed to offer the greatest potential in the late 1800s to provide new markets for American manufacturers and farmers?
Which novel helped bring about federal regulation of the meat packing industry?
Which President urged Americans to avoid entangling alliances with European nations in his Farewell Address?
What was the name of the early form of entertainment that featured a variety of acts to appeal to the widest possible audiences?
In the late 19th century and early 20th century, who was the principal opponent of lynching in the South?
Which African American leader was associated with accommodation, an industrial/vocational education, and the Atlanta Compromise Speech?
Booker T. Washington
Which treaty allowed the United States to construct a canal across Central American by itself?
Who wrote The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn?
Who was the Filipino rebel that led the uprising against American rule in the Philippines?
The land and naval warfare in Cuba during the Spanish-American War primarily took place near the city of ________.
In the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson in 1896, the Supreme Court announced the ________ ___ _____ doctrine, which allowed Southern states to continue the practice of legal segregation.
separate but equal
__ _____ _________ is the separation of the races that occurs when blacks and whites do not live in the same neighborhoods.
De facto segregation
Commodore ______ _____ became the first hero of the Spanish-American War when his forces destroyed the Spanish fleet in the Pacific Ocean.
During the Spanish-American War, Theodore Roosevelt was the leader of a volunteer cavalry unit known as the _____ _______.
Joseph Pulitzer and his chief rival, _______ ________ _____, called for American intervention in the Cuban revolution in their newspapers.
William Randolph Hurst
In American cities, immigrants tended to settle in ______ neighborhoods because living in these communities provided them a "comfort zone" as they adjusted to life in the United States.
The Great Plains were once labeled "___ _____ ________ ______".
The Great American Desert
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