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140 terms

Vocab

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approbation
(n) the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval
assuage
(v) to make easier or milder, relieve
coalition
(n) a combination, union
decadence
(n) decline, decay; excessive self-indulgence
elicit
(v) to draw forth
expostulate
(v) to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning
hackneyed
(adj) to lack freshness or originality
hiatus
(n) a gab, opening, break
innuendo
(n) a hint, indirect suggestion
intercede
(v) to plead on behalf of someone else
jaded
(adj) wearied, worn out
lurid
(adj) causing shock, horror; pale or shallow in color
meritorious
(adj) worthy, deserving recognition and praise
petulant
(adj) peevish, easily irritated and upset
prerogative
(n) special right or privilege
provincial
(adj) narrow in mind or outlook
simulate
(v) imitate
transcend
(v) to rise above or beyond, exceed
umbrage
(n) foliage giving shade; overshadowing influence or power
unctuous
(adj) excessively smooth or smug; pilable
ameliorate
(v) to improve, make better
aplomb
(n) poise, assurance, great self-confidence,
bombastic
(adj) pompous or overblown in language
callow
(adj) without experience; immature
drivel
(n) balderdash
epitome
(n) a summary
exhort
(v) to urge strongly
ex officio
(adj/adv) by virtue of holding a certain office
infringe
(v) to violate, trespass
ingratiate
(v) to make oneself agreeable
interloper
(n) one who moves in where he/she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder
intrinsic
(adj) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part
inveigh
(v) to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval
lassitude
(n) weariness of body of mind, lack of energy
millennium
(n) a period of one thousand years
occult
(adj) mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view
permeate
(v) to spread through, penetrate
precipitate
(v) provoke, produce; reckless
stringent
(adj) strict, severe
surmise
(v) to think or believe without certain supporting evidence
abominate
(v) to have an intense dislike or hatred for
acculturation
(n) the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contract with those of another; adaptation
adventitious
(adj) resulting from change rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential
ascribe
(v) to assign or refer to, attribute
circuitous
(adj) roundabout, not direct
commiserate
(v) to sympathize with
enjoin
(v) to direct or order
expedite
(v) to make easy, cause to progress faster
expiate
(v) to make amends, make up for
ferment
(n) state of great excitement, agitation
inadvertent
(adj) resulting form or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental
nominal
(adj) existing in name only, not real
noncommittal
(adj) not decisive or definite
peculate
(v) to steal something that has been given into ones trust
proclivity
(n) a natural or habitual inclination or tendency
sangfroid
(n) a composure of coolness
seditious
(adj) resistant to lawful authority
tenuous
(adj) thin, slender, not dense
vitriolic
(adj) bitter, sarcastic
wheedle
(v) to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end
affable
(adj) courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to
aggrandize
(v) to increase in greatness; enhance
amorphous
(adj) shapeless, without definite form
aura
(n) that which surrounds; a distinctive air or personal quality; ambience, atmosphere
contraband
(n) illegal traffic, smuggled goods
erudite
(adj) scholarly, learned
gossamer
(adj) thin, light, delicate
infer
(v) to find out by reasoning; deduce
inscrutable
(adj) incapable of being understood
insular
(adj) narrow minded
irrevocable
(adj) incapable of being changed or called back
propensity
(n) natural inclination or predilection toward; natural bent
querulous
(adj) peevish, complaining, fretful
remonstrate
(v) to argue or plead with someone against something, protest against, object to
repudiate
(v) to disown, reject
resilient
(adj) able to return to an original shape or form; elastic
reverberate
(v) to re-echo; rumble, thunder
scurrilous
(adj) foul-mouthed
sedulous
(adj) persistent, tireless
sleazy
(adj) thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; inferior
amnesty
(n) a general pardon for an offense against a government in general
autonomy
(n) self-government
axiomatic
(adj) self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle or rule; taken for granted
blazon
(v) to adorn or embellish; broadcast
caveat
(n) a warning or caution ro prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior; admonition
equitable
(adj) fair, just, right
extricate
(v) to free from entanglements or difficulties; extract
filch
(v) to steal, swipe
flout
(v) to mock, scorn
fractious
(adj) troublesome, peevish
precept
(n) a rule of conduct or action, principle
salutary
(adj) beneficial, helpful; healthy, wholesome
scathing
(adj) bitterly severe, withering; harsh
scourge
(v) to whip, punish severely; beat
sepulchral
(adj) funereal, typical of the tomb
soporific
(adj) tending to cause sleep; narcotic
straitlaced
(adj) extremely strict in regard to moral standars and conduct; overly strict
transient
(adj) lasting only a short time, fleeting
unwieldy
(adj) not easily carried, handled; clumsy
vapid
(adj) dull, uninteresting; lifeless, colorless
anomalous
(adj) abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual
aspersion
(n) a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming
bizarre
(adj) extremely strange, unusual, atypical
brusque
(adj) abrupt, blunt with no formalities
cajole
(v) to coax, persuade through flattery or artifice; to deceive with soothing thoughts or false promises
castigate
(v) to punish severely; to criticize severely
contrive
(v) to plan with ingenuity, invent; to bring about as the result of scheme or plan
demagogue
(n) a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power.
disabuse
(v) to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking
ennui
(n) weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation or interest; boredom
fetter
(n) a chain or shackle placed on the feet
(v) to chain or shackle; to render helpless or impotent
heinous
(adj) very wicked, offensive, hateful
immutable
(adj) not subject to change, constant
insurgent
(n) one who rebels or rises against authority
(adj) rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority; surging or rushing in or on
megalomania
(n) a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth, talent; far in excess of reality
sinecure
(n) a position requiring little or no work; an easy job
surreptitious
(adj) stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation; made or accomplished by fraud
transgress
(v) to go beyond limit or boundary; to sin, to violate a law
transmute
(v) to change from one nature, substance, or form to another
vicarious
(adj) performed, suffered, or otherwise experienced by one person in place of another
austere
(adj) severe or stern in manner; without adornment or luxury, simple, plain; harsh or sour in flavor
beneficent
(adj) performing acts of kindness or charity; conferring benefits, doing good
cadaverous
(adj) pale, gaunt, resembling a corpse
concoct
(v) to prepare by combining ingredients, make up, to devise, invent, fabricate
crass
(adj) coarse, unfeeling; stupid
debase
(v) to lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade, adulterate; to cause to deteriorate
desecrate
(v) to commit sacrilege upon, treat irreverently; to contaminate, pollute
disconcert
(v) to confuse; to disturb the composure of
grandiose
(adj) grand in an impressive or stately way; marked by pompous affectation or grandeur, absurdly exaggerated
inconsequential
(adj) trifling, unimportant
infraction
(n) a breaking of a law or obligation
mitigate
(v) to make milder or softer, to moderate in force or intensity
pillage
(v) to rob of goods by open force, plunder
(n) the act of looting; booty
prate
(v) to talk a great deal in a foolish or aimless fashion
punctilious
(adj) very careful and exact, attentive to fine points of etiquette or propriety
redoubtable
(adj) inspiring fear or awe; illustrious, eminent
reprove
(v) to find fault with, scold, rebuke
restitution
(n) the act of restoring someone or something to the rightful owner or to a former state or position; making good on a loss or damage
stalwart
(adj) strong and sturdy; brave; resolute (n) a brave, strong person; a strong supporter; one who takes an uncompromising position
vulnerable
(adj) open to attack; capable of being wounded or damaged; unprotected