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Egyptian tomb art
5000 BC -300AD. Combines painting and relief sculptures. The subject matter is both religious and historical/storytelling. This examples shows Osiris guiding people in their journey to the underworld, where hopefully their "Ka" or spirit will unite with their mummified body.
Egyptian relief sculpture
1323-1295 B.C. This art piece is a sculpture(Relief Sculpture). The reason for this sculpture would be religion and history. This sculpture includes Akhenaten whom changed Egypts religion during his reign from polytheism to monotheism. In the sculpture it shows Akhenaten and his followers worshiping the sun God.
Bust of Queen Nefrititi
1352-1336 B.C this is a sculpture and a bust. the purpose is religious, history. a 3300-year-old painted limestone bust of Nefertiti, the Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten and is one of the most copied works of ancient Egypt.Nefertiti has become one of the most famous women from the ancient world as well as an icon of female beauty. It is believed to have been crafted in 1345 BC by the sculptor Thutmose.
Around 4000 BC. This is a painting and sculpture. The purpose is religious and aesthetic.These held important colors and motifs. They showed a person's status and wealth. This one held the Eye of Horus, the Egyptian god of the sky.
King Tut funeral mask
1341 BC - 1323 BC this is a sculpture, and painting. the purpose would be religious, aesthetic, storytelling
The death mask of Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun is made of gold inlaid with colored glass and semiprecious stone. The mask comes from the innermost mummy case in the pharaoh's tomb, and stands 54 cm (21 in) high.
Pyramids at Giza
Egyptian, about 2530-2470 BC, architecture political/religous, pyramids of Cheops, Chefren, and Mycerinus, oldest of 7 wonders of the world, symbol or power. These pyramids followed Urine's belt and points to the dagger's tip.
448-432 BC this is an example of architecture and sculpture. The purpose was political, religious, aesthetic, storytelling. The Parthenon is a temple that towers above the city of Athens, symbolizing the Athenians' wealth and power. The temple is dedicated to Athena Parthenos, a Greek goddess and the city-symbol of Athens. This temple served as a monument to Athena because they believed that she helped the Greeks conquer the Persian Empire in the Persian Wars.
Greek column orders
570 BC-560 BC this is a sculpted architecture. The purpose of this is history, religious. The Ionic columns normally stand on a base which separates the shaft of the column from the stylobate or platform; This is ornamental, it is a Greek architecture, symbolizes Greece's wealth and power.
Archaic Greek statues
Around 1200 BC this is a sculpture. the purpose is history, utilitarian.The arts of ancient Greece have exercised an enormous influence on the culture of many countries all over the world, particularly in the areas of sculpture and architecture. In the West, the art of the Roman Empire was largely derived from Greek models. In the East, Alexander the Great's conquests initiated several centuries of exchange between Greek, Central Asian and Indian cultures, resulting in Greco-Buddhist art, with ramifications as far as Japan.
[Classical] (480 BCE)
• Introduction of the contrapposto, body standing naturally
• Slight turn to the body head not strictly frontal but a bit to one side
• Transitional piece between Archaic and Classical art
King Laocoon and his sons
c.a. 42-20 B.C., a Hellenistic greek sculpture made of marble, storytelling and religious, told Virgil's Aeneid (punished by gods for trying to warn about the Trojan Horse), it is beauty in a scene of death
Nike of Samothrace
It is a 2nd century BC marble sculpture of the Greek goddess Nike. It is one of the most celebrated sculptures in the world. It is estimated to have been created around 190 BC. Its purpose is storytelling. It was created not only to honor the goddess but to honor a sea battle. It conveys a sense of action and triumph as well as portraying artful flowing drapery through its features which Greeks considered ideal beauty. It is held to be one of the great surviving masterpieces of sculpture from the Hellenistic period.
Black figured Greek vase
This style of ceramic was popular between the 7th and 5th century BC. It was one of the most modern styles for adorning antique Greek vases. Figures were painted on using shapes and colors reminiscent of silhouettes. Black-figure painting on vases was the first art style to give rise to a significant number of identifiable artists. The purpose is utilitarian because the vases were used to carry water or food.
Red figured Greek vase
It is one of the most important styles of Greek vase painting. It developed in Athens around 530 BC. It replaced black figured style within a few decades. Its modern name is based on the figural depictions in red colour on a black background, in contrast to the preceding black-figure style with black figures on a red background. Red figure vases were exported throughout Greece and far beyond. The purpose is utilitarian as they were used to transport and store things.
The Colosseum was opened in AD 80 by Vespasian's son and successor, Titus. Its purpose was utilitarian aesthetic, and architecture. Emperors used the Colosseum to entertain the public with free games. Those games were a symbol of prestige and power and they were a way for an emperor to increase his popularity. Games were held for a whole day or even several days in a row. They usually started with comical acts and displays of exotic animals and ended with fights to the death between animals and gladiators or between gladiators. These fighters were usually slaves, prisoners of war or condemned criminals. Sometimes free Romans and even Emperors took part in the action. Because of fires and earthquakes, two thirds of the original have been destroyed.
118-125 A.D Architecture and Religion. To Honor all gods and goddesses. The Pantheon had different stations for every god. there was a hole for light. It is a temple for all of the gods for ancient Rome, constructed By Publius Aelius Hadrianuss.
Statue of Constantine
This was a colossal statue of the late Roman emperor Constantine the Great. The head, arms, and legs were carved from white marble while the rest of the body consisted of brick core and wooden framework. The purpose is political and history, the statue displayed Constantine's strength and power. It was constructed c. 312- 315 AD.
Bronze statue of Marcus Aurelius
One of the few well equestrian statues. Michelangelo designed this statue, statue was placed he on request of the pope. The emperor looks out to the world. The artist had immense knowledge to bone and muscle structure or horses. The balance with all the weight distributed over the three supporting legs is excellent.
Portrait bust of Roman man
Circa 50-120 AD, This sculpture is what the Romans believed as what was noble. The Romans wanted to portray realistic features and show how the object really looked. They believed that nobility was symbolized as a middle aged man with a stern, serious look responsible public bearing, and courageous endurance in the heat of battle.
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