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24 terms

Sociology 100A - Sexuality

Soci final
STUDY
PLAY
Incest Taboo
a rule that prohibits sexual relations among certain categories of kin, such as brothers or sisters, parents and children, or, in some cases, cousins.
Sex
biological distinction between females and males
Gender
personal traits and patterns of behaviour that culture attaches to being female or male
Primary Sex Characteristics
the genitalia used in the reproductive process
Secondary Sex Characteristics
nonreproductive sexual characteristics, such as female breasts and hips, male voice quality, and body hair
Sexual binary
the classification of sex and gender into two distinct and disconnected forms of masculine and feminine
Intersexed people
people that exhibit both male and female genitalia.
Transsexual people
People who feel they are one sex even though biologically they are the other.
Extramarital sex
more accepted today than it was a decade ago; affairs that are often out of loneliness
Dominant sexual scripts
cultural knowledge describing and shaping how we are in sexuality
-ex: men should ask women out, contraception
Alfred Kinsey
First scientist to study the act of script; created openness about sexuality that paved the way for the sexual revolution
Sexual revolution
occurred in the 1960's; sex became prominent part of unmarried life, the pill was invented, free attitudes towards sexuality
Sexual counterrevolution
conservative return back to family values and change from sexual freedom back to sexual responsibility with growing concerns about STDs.
Heterosexuality
a sexual attraction to (or sexual relations with) persons of the opposite sex
Homosexuality
a sexual attraction to (or sexual relations with) persons of the same sex
Bisexuality
sexual attraction to both sexes
Asexuality
a lack of sexual attraction to people of either sex
Sexual orientation
debated to be either a product of society of a product of biology; combination of both, but rooted in biology
Continuum of sexuality
the ever-changing range of sexuality
Homophobia
the fear of close personal interaction with people considered gay, lesbian, or bisexual.
Sexual assault
non-consensual sexual activity against a person's will; an expression of power
Date rape
forcible sexual violence against women by men they know.
Queer theory
a growing body of research findings that challenges the heterosexual bias in North American society
Heterosexism
discrimination in favor of heterosexual and against homosexual people