31 terms

Community and Consumer health final

What sources creates the greatest amount of solid waste?
Agricultural and mining pollution
With 4.6% of the world's population, the United States creates what percentage of the world's solid waste?
Household and municipal waste makes up what percentage of the total solid waste in the United States?
What is the leading component of municipal waste?
paper- trash and garbage
How many pounds of solid waste are generated by each person in the U.S. each day?
What is the ultimate approach to the growing solid waste problem?
to collect waste, recycle what can be reused, and enact source reduction by limiting the creation
What item has the highest recycling rate?
Car batteries
What is the most commonly used method for disposal of hazardous waste?
sanitary land fills
The Superfund was established by Congress in what year?
What causes acid rain?
it is a result from emissions of burning fossil fuels that react with water vapor
What percentage of the world's population has no access to basic sanitation?
What is the study of aging from the broadest perspective is known as?
The fastest growing age group in the United States is which age group?
those 85+
The baby boomers include those individuals who were born between what years?
The baby boomers will begin to turn 65 in what year?
This year in 2011
The greatest immigration in the United States occurred between what two periods of time?
What is the state with the greatest number of elders living in it?
What is managed health care?
How has health care been dealt with in the past in the U.S.?
How do other countries manage health care?
Why is medical care so expensive?
What is the third party insurance system and how does it work?
List at least five myths of aging, and then explain why each is a myth.
What are the three factors that affect the size and age of a population?
Fertility rates
Mortality rates
What are common problems that old people have regarding their homes?
Closely linked to income, health status, and availability of caregivers

New concerns: lack of retirement benefits, insurance, lower net worth assets
Identify four factors that have contributed to an increasing number of environmental hazards.
Human population growth
Production & use of disposable products & containers
What kind of steps can be taken to reduce or eliminate indoor air pollution?
select safe products
venting dryers
avoid products with formaldehyde
limit/prohibit indoor smoking
maintain heating & cooling equipment
test for radon
Trace the history of the health care delivery system in the U.S.
before 1870 it was not all science based, it was experience based.
-tasks performed in peoples homes
-hospitals only in large cities
-early 1900s care became better, decline in mortality, visits moved to doc office and travel time was reduced
-1920s, chronic diseases passed communicable diseases as leading causes of death
-more training and new technology with a two party system: doctor and patient
-WW2 made wages too expensive to afford
-third party payment system enacted and 1965 medicare/caid
-HMO act 1973 then american health security act in 1993
-managed care
What are the components of quality health care?
Doing the right thing, at the right time, in the right way, for the right people, and having the best results

Quality health care should be:
Patient centered
Describe the 4 approaches to solid waste management.
-Collection: 80% of waste management $ spent on this
-Source reduction: limit creation
-Recycling: collecting (curbside & drop-off), sorting, & processing; composting;
What is CAM? What are examples?
Complementary and Alternative medicine
-Used together with conventional medicine, therapy is considered "complementary"; in place of considered "alternative"
Chiropractors, acupuncturists, naturopaths, etc.
Natural products, mind-body medicine, manipulation, etc.