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45 terms

Biology (life processes)

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What is the term to remember the 8 life processes
NTRESGRR
Name the 8 life processes
nutrition, transport, respiration, excretion, synthesis, growth, regulation, reproduction
The taking in materials and processing them for their use is called _______
nutrition
what is the term to remember the different kinds of uses for nutrition
GERM
what are the different kinds of uses for nutrition
energy, growth, repair and maintenance
self nutrition
autotrophic
fed nutrition
heterotrophic
who are autotrophic organisms
plants and algae
who are heterotrophic organisms
animal organisms
the movement of materials through the body is called _____
transport
to transport materials is called ______
circulate
what are the 2 types of circulation
extracellular and intracellular
what are the 2 types of nutrition
heterotrophic and autotrophic
movement outside cells through vessels in complex multicellular organisms is ______ circulation
extracellular
what direction is xylem
up
what direction is phloem
down
the moving of materials and organelles around inside the cell is called ______ circulation
intracellular
cytoplasmic streaming
cyclosis
converting the unusable chemical bond energy of food nutrients into the usable energy of ATP is _____
respiration
what are the 2 types of respiration
aerobic and anaerobic
adenosine triphosphate is also called ____
ATP
requiring molecular oxygen to produce a maximum # of ATP's per glucose is called ____ respiration
aerobic
_____ respiration does not use O2 but produces only a few ATP's per glucose
anaerobic
the disposal of metabolic wastes
excretion
biochemical=______
metabolic
humans and other vertebrates use excretion to maintain the ration of ____ to ______ in their bodies
salt, water
the taking in of small molecules and chemically combining them to form larger molecules is _____
synthesis
the accumulation of materials which increases cell size and number is ____
growth
_______ is organisms ability to produce more of their species to ensure survival and continuity
reproduction
what are the 2 types of reproduction
asexual and sexual
_____ reproduction involves one parent organism producing offspring that are genetically identical
asexual
______ reproduction uses chemical messengers which unite their genetic material to form offspring that are genetically unique
sexual
genetic material=_____
DNA
the increase in cell size and number is _____
cell division
The ability to sense changes in the environment and respond to those changes is called _____
regulation
biological balance=_______
homeostasis
what are the 2 types of regulation
nervous and chemical
in _____ regulation, animal organisms send signals over special nerve cells from stimulus to response
nervous
special nerve cells=______
neurons
in ______ regulation, chemical messengers send messages that evoke a response
chemical
chemical messengers=_____
hormones
the sum of the biochemical activities in all living organisms
metabolism
what is one mechanism for maintaining homeostasis
negative feedback
the basic structural and functional units of life
cells
breaking down food using oxygen from the air
aerobic respiration