Gas Laws


Terms in this set (...)

Absolutely Zero
The coldest temperature possible (0K or -273°C)
The average pressure at sea level (101,325 Pa)
Avogadro's Law
A law stating that the volume (V) of a gas and the amount of the gas in moles (n) are directly proportional
Boyle's Law
A law maintaining that the volume (V) of a gas and its pressure (P) are inversely propertional
Charles's Law
A law stating that the volume (V) of a gas and its temperature (T) expressed in kelvins are directly proportional
Combined Gas Law
A law that combines Boyle's law and Charles's law
Ideal Gas Law
A law that combines the four properties of a gas - pressure (P), volume (V), temperature (T), and number of moles (n) in a single equation showing their interrelatedness
Kinetic Molecular Theory
A simple model for gases that predicts the behavior of most gases under many conditions
Millimeter of Mercury (mmHg)
A unit of pressure that originates from the method used to measure pressure with a barometer
Pascal (Pa)
The SI unit of pressure, definied as 1 newton per square meter
The force exerted per unit are by gaseous molecules as they collide with the surfaces around them
Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP)
Conditions often assumed in calculations involving gases: T = 0°C and P = 1 atm
A unit of pressure