Holocaust Unit Grade 8

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Terms in this set (...)

allegory
A story in which each aspect of the story has a symbolic meaning outside the tale itself.
narrative
A story, actual or fictional, expressed orally or in text.
Holocaust
-Nazi Germany's systematic slaughter of European Jews
concentration camp
prison camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.
The Final Solution
Nazi Germany's plan and execution of its systematic genocide against European jews during World War II.
Antisemitism
Hostility towards Jews as an ethnic or religious group, often accompanied by social,economic and political discrimination.
genocide
Deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
gestapo
Hitler's secret police
Nazi
A movement born of extreme nationalism and racism and dominated by Adolf Hitler for as long as it lasted.
propaganda
Information aimed at positively or negatively influencing the opinions or behaviors of large numbers of people.
SS
A special police force in Nazi Germany founded as a personal bodyguard for Adolf Hitler in 1925, from the German word "Schutzstaffel, meaning protection squad.
Star of David
A six-pointed star, a symbol of Judaism
persecution
mistreatment or punishment of a group of people because of their beliefs
Aryan
Adolf Hitler believed they were they leading race and should make a great civilization. They were threatened by the inferior Slavs.
Auschwitz
Nazi extermination camp in Poland, the largest center of mass murder during the Holocaust. Close to a million Jews, Gypsies, Communists, and others were killed there.
prejudice
A negative attitude toward an entire category of people, often an ethnic or racial minority.
scapegoat
A group or person made to bear the blame for others or suffer in their place.
Shoah
Hebrew term for Holocaust
Swastika
A hooked cross that became the official symbol of the Nazi Party. Originally an ancient religious symbol, the swastika is still used by neo-Nazi groups.
crematorium
a furnace where a corpse can be burned and reduced to ashes
Death Camps
camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany for the purpose of killing prisoners immediately.
Death Marches
At the end of war when Nazis, in an attempt to prevent the liberation of camp inmates, forced them to march westward. Thousands died in these marches.
ghetto
City neighborhoods in which European Jews were forced to live
stereotype
A widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.
racism
The belief that some races are superior to others
anarchy
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
Dictator
Leader who has absolute power and rules a nation by force
pograms
Organized violence against Jews. Police and soldiers stood by and watched police loot and destroy Jewish homes, synagogues, and stores.
Hitler Youth
Germany's young men and women who joined the Nazi political party and pledged their allegiance to Germany and Adolf Hitler. The Hitler Youth organization "brainwashed" the children and convinced them of German superiority.
Kristallnacht
(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
Allies
An alliance of nations joining together to fight a common enemy
Axis
Germany, Italy, and Japan, which were allied before and during World War II.
Atrocity
An act of great cruelty and wickedness
Bystander
The finding that a person is less likely to provide help when there are other bystanders.
Fuhrer
German word for leader, used to describe Hitler in the Nazi Party.
Mein Kampf
"My Struggle"-a book written by Adolf Hitler during his imprisonment in 1923-1924, in which he set forth his beliefs and his goals for Germany and expressed his hatred of Jews
Scapegoat
A person or group made to bear the blame for others or to suffer in their place
Nuremberg Trials
Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes