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50 terms

China & Rome (Unit 4)

STUDY
PLAY
monsoon
2 different winds that create a downpour and help China's agriculture
Yellow River
loess (brown/yellow dust)
fertile soil (agriculture)
towns/cities settle here and transportation routes
the Nile for China
Xia
3 Sage Kings = wise person
Yu tamed the Yellow River
doesn't really exist
Shang (includes Yin Yang)
copper and tin = BRONZE
Anyang (organized) capital city
Yin (girl) Yang (guy)
patriarchal society
2nd dynasty
Chinese dynasty begins here
Zhou
FEUDALISM
duke = military leader
govt. power increased
noble power decreased
feudalism
local government
govt., society, economic sys., makes deals to get what it needs
Daoism
go with the flow
be one with nature
philosophy
Mandate of Heaven
approval of the gods to rule
the ruler is supposed to be a guardian of the people
Confucianism
MORAL/elite
patriarchal
hierarchal (5 relationships)
father - son
older bro - younger bro
ruler - subject
Devotion
SOCIAL HARMONY
philosophy
"the analects"
do the right thing
filial piety
honor mother and father
(CONFUCIANISM)
Legalism
people = bad at heart
strict discipline
used by Qin Shi Huangdi
oracle bones
predicts future
BOX Oracle of Delphi
shang
Role of Family
most IMPORTANT
respect elders
women treated unfairly
son is always wanted
Warring States Period (Period of Warring States)
legalism, daiosim, confucianism developed
Qin
used Legalism (strict discipline)
UNIFICATION!
roads
about 15 yrs
Qin Shi Huangdi
1st emperor
made china strong empire
strong military
unification
Standardization (coins, language/writing, measuring)
gr8 wall and terra-cotta soldiers
Han
Golden Age
SOCIAL HARMONY!
adds confucianism
SILK ROAD!!!!!!!
Silk Road
used for silk trade
path traveled for trading silk
trades stirrups
connects Chang'an to Rome
Trade/culture exchange -> Dominance (diversity)
more trade = more advancement (cradle)
Emperor Wu/Han Wu Di
military expansion
horse collar
cross bow
communication
Silk Road
Indian Ocean Maritime trade (IOMS)
trading route on Indian Ocean (helps with advancement)
RICE
basis of China's agriculture
Gentry
middle class
lessens gap between rich and poor
scholar-officials
made govt. more efficient
monarchy
1 king
Roman Republic
CHECKS AND BALANCES
representative govt.
Punic Wars
Carthage vs. Rome
Downfall of R.R.
GAP between rich and poor
corrupt senate
unemployment
lot of wars
RISE military dictators
Rise of R.R.
EXPANSION!
professional army
better organization
ASSIMILATION (fully understand culturally)
Senate
advisors to consuls
consuls
"presidents"
partricians
elite
plebians
lower class
Roman Principate/Empire
princeps = 1st among equals
government where emperor "listens" to other branches
Augustus Caesar
founder of Roman Principate
defeated all of his rivals
PROSPERITY
Octavian
redid the govt. system of the Romans carefully
equites
successful landowners second in status and wealth to senatorial aristocracy, in "ancient Italy"
middle class
Pax Romana
"Roman peace"
stability & prosperity
kept senate and plebeians happy
culture
not as much war
Romanization
spread of Roman way of life and Latin language
aqueducts
either underground or elevated channel for conveying water that used gravity to carry water where it was needed
Romans built many of them to keep a time of sold urbanization
Constantine
makes Christianity legal
Constantinople (Byzantium)
Constantinope changes capital from Rome to Byzantium because its a better location, he renames it Constantinople
Diocletian
saved Roman Empire, splits into 2
Byzantine Empire
when Rome split into 2, eastern part of Rome
Roman Empire Fall
Barbarians
poor leadership
GAP between rich and poor
Disease
Julius Caesar
good general
brought Rome out of the republic into the empire
dictator
Roman Empire Rise
Etruscans (pre-Romans = ancestors)
7 kings
urbanized and started to become more powerful
Republic
Emperors
stirrups
keep control of horse
where you put your feet
triangular, latten sails
traingular-shaped sails
allowed ships to sail against the wind
invented by Chinese
perfected by Arab Traders
urbanization
becoming a city
limited democracy
...
agora
a place of assembly for the people in ancient Greece
merit
any admirable quality or attribute