Ch. 4 Section 2 Review

The Amendments we will be focusing on.
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The 1st Amendment
Protects our five basic freedoms
The 2nd amendment
The right to bear arms
The 3rd Amendment
Says that, in peacetime, soldiers may not move into private homes without the consent of the homeowner
4th Amendment
Protects you from unreasonable search and seizures
5th Amendment
Protects the rights of people accused of crimes
Can not be put on trial with out an indictment
Indictment is a formal charge by a grand jury
Innocent until proven guilty
Protects from double jeopardy
Right to remain silent
Can not be denied life, liberty or property with out due process of law.
6th Amendment
Additional due process rights
Must be told the exact nature of the charges against you
Can have a jury trial, that is speedy
7th Amendment
Civil cases
The 7th amendment guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil cases if the amount of money involved if more than $20
8th Amendment
Forbids excessive bail
9th Amendment
Makes it clear that citizens have other rights beyond those listed in the constitution
10th Amendment
Any powers the constitution does not specifically give to the national government are reserved to the states or to the people
13th Amendment
Abolished slavery and authorized congress to pass legislation implementing it abolition
15th Amendment
Guaranteed voting rights to African Americans by outlawing denial of the right to vote on the basis of race, color, or previous condition of servitude
18th Amendment
Authorized Congress to prohibit the manufacture, sale, and transportation of liquor.
19th Amendment
Guaranteed the right to vote to women.
21st Amendment
Repealed the Eighteenth Amendment and empowered congress to regulate the liquor industry
22nd Amendment
Limited presidents to two full terms in office
24th Amendment
Forbade requiring the payment of a poll tax to vote in federal elections
26th Amendment
Guaranteed the right to vote to 18 year olds