Crime Prevention-Educational/Awareness programs and self-defense training at the local levels, special assistance programs at the local and state levels, or the enactments of prohibitive legislation at the state and federal levels. Victim Assistance Programs-Run by governmental agencies such as a district attorney's office, by private organizations that contact with the state or local governments to provide services, or by volunteer organizations. May receive free medical or mental health services, or may find someone who will assist them in understanding and enduring the strain of the criminal justice process. Victim Compensation-Depending on the circumstances victims may receive support in paying medical bills and/or living expenses incurred due to the injuries resulting from a crime.(Financial assistance is often limited.) Offender Restitution-Requires offenders to make financial reparations to their victim. These payments may be made directly to the victim or may be paid to the court or community correctional officials for transfer to the victim. Offender restitution is similar to a fine in that moneys are paid to the community by the offender, but differ from traditional fines in that they are paid into a programs specifically designated to aid crime victims. Victim's Rights-Victims are to be made aware of and have input into plea bargain agreements, sentencing outcomes, and the release of the offenders from prison. In response to these demands the Victims of Crimes Act was passed by Congress in 1984. Victim Awareness and Empowerment-The Victims' Rights movement of the 1980s and 1990s helped educate the public on victim's issues, which also helped promote crime prevention and victim advocacy efforts, Ub addition to education on how to avoid victimization and counseling on how to cope with victimization, programs in dispute resolution were also initiated. Dispute resolution- are programs that enable offenders and victims to meet with arbitrators to resolve the issues outside criminal prosecution and/or civil legislation.