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64 terms

Western Cultures (Art History)- Challenge II

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Van Eyck
Flemish artist, symbolism, credited for making oil paint famous, miniaturist, illuminated manuscripts
Durer
Engraving/Woodcutting, Northern ("Leonardo of the North"), symbolism, first person to be fascinated with himself (self portraits)
Michelangelo
"The Divine M", studied Anatomy (male), Medici, sculptor- believed it was most godlike
El Greco
"The Greek," from Greece, Spanish artist, critics believed he should be considered a Mannerist, elongated figures, bright colors
Da Vinci
inventor/mathematician/scientist...., "Renaissance Man," didn't complete many paintings, perfected study of Anatomy
Rembrandt
controversy over how many paintings are actually his, emotions on people's faces, Caravaggesque lighting, over 100 self-portraits
Vermeer
painted common life, painted women, "Master of Light," Camera Obscura and Sfumato
Peale
"Leonardo of the New World," dabbled in lots of things, 17 children/3 wives
Cole
landscapes, Hudson River School of Romantic Landscapes, contrasts
Homer
first to use watercolors, illustrator for magazines, Civil War artist
Millet
rural laborers
Monet
said he wished he'd been born blind, impression of a given moment
Vault
in architecture, an arched roof or covering of masonry construction — made of brick, stone, or concrete
Doric
oldest and simplest of the three orders of classical Greek architecture
Ionic
the second of the three orders of classical Greek architecture; more slender then Doric
Corinthian
the most elaborate of the three classical orders of Greek architecture, distinguished by a slender, fluted column, and a bell-shaped capital decorated with a design of acanthus leaves
Still Life
a picture of inanimate objects. Common still life subjects include vessels, food, flowers, books, clothing
Trompe l'oeil
a French term literally meaning "trick the eye." Sometimes called illusionism, it's a style of painting which gives the appearance of three-dimensional, or photographic realism
Mosaic
a picture or design made of tiny pieces (called tesserae) of colored stone, glass, tile or paper adhered to a surface. It is typically decorative work for walls, vaults, ceilings or floors, the tesserae set in plaster or concrete
Fresco
the art or technique of painting on a moist, plaster surface with colors ground up in water or a limewater mixture
Perspective
a technique of depicting volumes and spatial relationships on a surface
Byzantine Art
the term commonly used to describe the artistic products of the Byzantine Empire from about the 4th century until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453
Romanesque Art
the art of Western Europe from approximately 1000 AD to the rise of the Gothic style in the 13th century, or later, depending on region
Gothic Art
a Medieval art movement that developed in France out of Romanesque art in the mid-12th century
Composition
the act of combining parts or elements to form a whole
Movement
the act, process, or result of moving; a particular manner or style of moving
Unity/Balance
a state of equilibrium or equipoise; equal distribution of weight
Contrast
to compare in order to show unlikeness or differences; note the opposite natures, purposes, etc.
Mood
a state or quality of feeling at a particular time; a distinctive emotional quality or character; a prevailing emotional tone or general attitude
Sculpture
the art of carving, modeling, welding, or otherwise producing figurative or abstract works of art in three dimensions
Pyramidal Composition
a popular device Renaissance artists used to draw the viewer's attention to a figure or to give an impression of stability
Naturalism
a manner or technique of treating subject matter that presents, through volume of detail, a deterministic view of human life and actions
Medium
liquid with which pigments are mixed; the material or technique with which an artist works
Patron
a person who supports with money, gifts, efforts, or endorsement an artist, writer, museum, cause, charity, institution, special event, or the like; the protector of a dependent or client
Triptych
a set of three panels or compartments side by side, bearing pictures, carvings, or the like
Aerial Perspective
a technique of rendering depth or distance in painting by modifying the tone or hue and distinctness of objects perceived as receding from the picture plane, especially by reducing distinctive local colors and contrasts of light and dark to a uniform light bluish-gray color
Mannerist
a style in the fine arts developed principally in Europe during the 16th century, chiefly characterized by a complex perspectival system, elongation of forms, strained gestures or poses of figures, and intense, often strident color
Sfumato
the subtle and minute gradation of tone and color used to blur or veil the contours of a form in painting
Vanishing Point
a point of disappearance, cessation, or extinction; that point toward which receding parallel lines appear to converge
Chiaroscuro
the distribution of light and shade in a picture; the use of deep variations in and subtle gradations of light and shade, especially to enhance the delineation of character and for general dramatic effect
Relief
the projection of a figure or part from the ground or plane on which it is formed, as in sculpture or similar work; an apparent projection of parts in a painting, drawing, etc.
Figurative
representing by means of a figure or likeness, as in drawing or sculpture; representing by a figure or emblem; emblematic
Graphic
giving a clear and effective picture; vivid; pertaining to the use of diagrams, graphs, mathematical curves, or the like
Plane
an area of a two-dimensional surface having determinate extension and spatial direction or position
Static
pertaining to or characterized by a fixed or stationary condition; lacking movement, development, or vitality
Flat
having a generally level shape or appearance; not having the illusion of volume or depth
Complementary
completing; one of a pair of primary or secondary colors opposed to the other member of the pair on a schematic chart or scale
Values
relative worth, merit, or importance; degree of lightness or darkness in a color; the relation of light and shade in a painting, drawing, or the like
Monumental
having the quality of being larger than life; of heroic scale
Art nouveau
a style of fine and applied art current in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, characterized chiefly by curvilinear motifs often derived from natural form
Dry point
a technique of engraving, especially on copper, in which a sharp-pointed needle is used for producing furrows having a burr that is often retained in order to produce a print characterized by soft, velvety black lines
Etching
the act or process of making designs or pictures on a metal plate, glass, etc., by the corrosive action of an acid instead of by a burin
Print
to produce (a text, picture, etc.) by applying inked types, plates, blocks, or the like, to paper or other material either by direct pressure or indirectly by offsetting an image onto an intermediate roller
Lithograph
a print produced by lithography- the art or process of producing a picture, writing, or the like, on a flat, specially prepared stone, with some greasy or oily substance, and of taking ink impressions from this as in ordinary printing
Baroque
characterized by free and sculptural use of the classical orders and ornament, by forms in elevation and plan suggesting movement, and by dramatic effect in which architecture, painting, sculpture, and the decorative arts often worked to combined effect
Panorama
an unobstructed and wide view of an extensive area in all directions
Caravaggesque lighting
painting light and shadows in the style of the Baroque artist Caravaggio
Camera Obscura
a darkened boxlike device in which images of external objects, received through an aperture, as with a convex lens, are exhibited in their natural colors on a surface arranged to receive them
Florid
reddish, ruddy, rosy; flowery, excessively ornate, showy; obsolete, abounding in or consisting of flowers
Virtuoso
person who has special knowledge or skill in a field; a person who excels in musical technique or execution
Restrained
characterized by restraint: constraint or reserve in feelings, behavior, etc.
Pretentious
making an exaggerated outward show; ostentatious
Rococo
a style of architecture and decoration, originating in France about 1720, evolved from Baroque types and distinguished by its elegant refinement in using different materials for a delicate overall effect and by its ornament of shell work, foliage, etc.
Dynamic compositions
pictorial composition as it changes within a moving shot