60 terms

Combo with Sadlier Oxford Level D Unit 13-15

STUDY
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ad infinitum
(adv.) endlessly
syn: forever, unceasingly, incessantly, ceaselessly
apportion
(v.) to divide and give out in shares
syn: distribute, allot, parcel out, allocate
bona fide
(adj.) genuine; sincere
syn: authentic, indisputable, legitimate, certified
buoyant
(adj.) able to float easily; able to hold things up; cheerful, hopeful
syn:blithe, jaunty, lighthearted, animated
clique
(n.) a small, exclusive group of people
syn:inner circle, coterie
concede
(v.) to admit as true; to yield, submit
syn: acknowledge, grant, allow, assent
congenial
(adj.) getting on well with others; agreeable, pleasant
syn: friendly, sociable, amiable, compatible
lofty
(adj.) very high; noble
syn: elevated, towering, exalted, grand
migration
(n.) a movement from one country or region to another
syn: population shift, mass movement
perceive
(v.) to be aware of through the senses, observe; to grasp mentally
syn: notice, discern, understand
perverse
(adj.) inclined to go against what is expected; stubborn; turned away from what is good and proper
syn: obstinate, contrary, mulish, wayward
prelude
(n.) an introduction; that which comes before or leads off
syn: preface, overture, prologue, "curtain-raiser"
rancid
(adj.) stale, spoiled
syn: foul, rank, fetid, sour, rotten, putrid
rustic
(adj.) country-like; simple, plain; awkward; (n.) one who lives in the country
syn: rough, unsophisticated, countrified
sever
(v.) to separate, divide into parts
syn: cut off, amputate, break off, dissolve
sordid
(adj.) wretchedly poor; run-down; mean or selfish
syn: filthy, squalid, base, vile, seedy, sleazy
untenable
(adj.) not capable of being held or defended; impossible to maintain
syn: indefensible, insupportable, groundless
versatile
(adj.) able to do many things well; capable of many uses
syn: adaptable, handy, all-around, many-sided
vindicate
(v.) to clear from hint or charge of wrongdoing; to defend successfully against opposition; to justify
syn: acquit, absolve, exonerate, advocate
wane
(v.) to lose size, strength, or power
syn: diminish, decline, subside, dwindle
annex
(v.) to add to, attach; to incorporate; (n.) an attachment or addition
Synonyms- join, acquire, appropiate, procure
Cordova was annexed by the City of Memphis.
cleave
(v.) to cut or split open; to cling to
Synonyms- sever, halve, sunder, adhere, clasp
At camp I can usually cleave a good piece of firewood with one swing of the axe.
cordial
(adj.) in a friendly manner, hearty; cheery; (n.) a liqueur
Synonyms- hospitable, affable, warm, convivial
After not seeing my brother for a long time, I greeted him in a cordial manner.
cornerstone
(n.) the starting point of a building; a fundamental principle or element
Synonyms- foundation, base, underpinning, support
Desegregation was one of the cornerstones of the civil rights activists' mission.
debacle
(n.) an overwhelming defeat, rout; a complete collapse or failure
Synonyms- disaster, fiasco, calamity
The Alabama, ND game was a complete debacle as Alabama destroyed the competition.
devitalize
(v.) to make weak or lifeless
Synonyms- enfeeble, sap, enervate
The flu devitalizes my energy.
embroil
(v.) to involve in a conflict or difficulty; to throw into confusion
Synonyms- entangle, ensnarl
My sister was embroiled in an argument with her friend.
exonerate
(v.) to clear from a charge or accusation
Synonyms- absolve, acquit, vindicate, exculpate
The accused thief was exonerated when the homeowner found the watch he had accidentally misplaced.
glib
(adj.) ready and fluent in speech; thoughtless, insincere
Synonyms- superficial, pat, oily, unctuous, facile
When I asked my Mom if my mismatched outfit looked nice, she responded with a glib answer.
haphazard
(adj.) by chance, not planned; lacking order
Synonyms- random, accidental, slapdash
I was in a rush to meet friends, so I did my homework in a haphazard way.
improvise
(v.) to compose or perform without preparation; to construct from available materials
Synonyms- ad-lib, play it by year, wing it, extemporize
I had to improvise making a drum by using a frying pan and two wooden spoons.
incite
(v.) to rouse, stir up, urge on
Synonyms- spur, kindle, provoke, instigate, prompt
My sister incites arguments with me by insulting me often.
influx
(n.) a coming in, inflow
Synonyms- inpouring, inrush, invasion
On Black Friday, there was an influx of customers crowding the aisles in Target.
pallor
(n.) an extreme or unnatural paleness
Synonyms- wanness, lividness, bloodlessness
The pallor of my skin was terrible when I had the flu.
pedigree
(n.) a list of ancestors, family tree; the history or origins of something
Synonyms- lineage, ancestry, genealogy
My racing horse has the pedigree of King Charles' stallion.
precipitous
(adj.) very steep
Synonyms- sheer, abrupt, sharp
Jupiter Peak was a very precipitous ski run.
profuse
(adj.) very abundant; given or flowing freely
Synonyms- extravagant, lavish, bounteous, plenteous
There was a profuse amount of food on the beautiful buffet at Mala Mala.
reconcile
(v.) to restore to friendship; to settle; to resign (oneself)
Synonyms- unite, conciliate, mend fences
The fighting children were able to reconcile once they apologized to each other.
shackle
(v.) to put into chains; (n., usually pl.) a chain, fetter
Synonyms- manacle, enslave, handcuffs, bonds, irons
Nelson Mandela was shackled and thrown on the boat to Robbin Island.
threadbare
(adj.) shabby, old and worn
Synonyms- frayed, seedy, ragged, shopworn, trite
My blanket that I slept with for 20 years is threadbare.
abase
(v.) to lower in esteem, degrade; to humble
syn: lower, humiliate, prostrate, demean
The man was abased because he lost the presidential election.
actuate
(v.) to move to action; to impel
syn: trigger, incite, instigate
Pulling the trigger actuates the bullet firing.
avert
(v.) to turn aside, turn away; to prevent, avoid
syn: stop, deflect, ward off, preclude
We averted the animal roadblock by driving around the herd of elephants.
boorish
(adj.) rude, unrefined; clumsy
syn: vulgar, crude, uncouth, ill-mannered, gauche
The little boy's behavior was boorish because he complained about his gifts.
brunt
(n.) the main impact, force, or burden
syn: blow, shock
Fortunately nobody was injured during the brunt of the hurricane.
combatant
(n.) a fighter; (adj.) engaged in fighting
syn: soldier, disputant, warrior; hostile, battling
Mike Tyson and his combatant compete in large boxing matches.
dormant
(adj.) inactive; in a state of suspension; sleeping
syn: resting, still, quiescent
Mt St Helens is a dormant volcano.
dubious
(adj.) causing uncertainty or suspicion; in a doubtful or uncertain state of mind, hesitant
syn: questionable, suspect, unsettled, undecided
Teo should have been dubious about his girlfriend's identity.
harangue
(v.) to deliver a loud, ranting speech; (n.) a loud speech
syn: rant, lecture; tirade, diatribe
My Dad harangues my sister about cleaning up her room.
harry
(v.) to make a destructive raid on; to torment, harass
syn: badger, pester, hound, pillage, ravage
My Mom harries me about playing my music too loudly.
impenitent
(adj.) not feeling remorse or sorrow for errors or offenses
syn: remorseless, unrepentant, incorrigible
My parents punished me because I was impenitent about yelling at my sister.
knave
(n.) a tricky, unprincipled, or deceitful fellow
syn: rascal, rogue, scoundrel, miscreant
The neighborhood hoodlum was a knave because he was always stealing the kids' bikes.
legion
(n.) a large military force; any large group or number; (adj.) many, numerous
syn: multitude, host, throng, division, regiment
The US Army sent a legion of troops into Afghanistan.
liberality
(n.) generosity, generous act; breadth of mind or outlook
syn: largesse, magnanimity, broad-mindedness
Ms. Trusty's liberality allowed us to listen to music during our class.
plaintiff
(n.) one who begins a lawsuit
syn: complainant, accuser
The plaintiff was suing the restaurant because he got food poisoning after eating there.
probe
(v.) to examine, investigate thoroughly; (n.) an investigation; a device used to explore or examine
syn: explore, scrutinize; inquiry, detector
In science class I used a probe when dissecting the frog.
protract
(v.) to draw out or lengthen in space or time
syn: prolong, extend, elongate, spin out
The wings on the plane protracted to an amazing 50 feet.
quarry
(v.) to cut or take from (or as if from) a quarry; (n.) a place from which stone is taken; something that is hunted or pursued
syn: prey, game, victim, excavation, pit, mine
The men pulled amazing gems from our family's quarry.
spurn
(v.) to refuse with scorn, disdain
syn: turn down, reject, decline, snub, repudiate
The quarterback spurned a full-ride offered by Notre Dame because he wanted to play for Michigan.
subterfuge
(n.) an excuse or trick for escaping or hiding something
syn: dodge, blind, ruse, deception, artifice
I hid my candy as a subterfuge to keep my sister from getting fat.