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the process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called
carbohydrate digestion is assisted by cooking; softens tough skins
which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion
they pass into the colon and are fermented by bacteria
what is the fate of disaccharides not digested in the small intestine
maltose is transported through the portal vein to the liver
which of the following is not true of carbohydrate absorption
which of the following hormones is released during stressful times to increase blood glucose levels, making more energy available for use?
arises most commonly in adulthood
which of the following is not a characteristic of type 1 diabetes mellitus
the least common form of diabetes
all of the following are characteristics of type 2 diabetes mellitus except
blood test results that reveal a person's serum cholesterol and triglycerides are called a
the body's ability to store fat is limitless
all of the following describe the behavior of fat cells except
when consumed they can raise serum LDL cholesterol
which of the following is true about trans fatty acids found in hydrogenated fats
eating packaged cookies and desserts made with vegetable shortening
timothy wants to avoid eating hydrogenated fat. all of the following are appropriate except
are reformed into triglycerides
after absorption, long-chain fatty acids and monoglycerides inside intestinal cells
a compound containing phosphorus replaces at least one fatty acid
phospholipids differ from triglycerides in which of the following ways?
once the chylomicrons arrive at their destination via the bloodstream, the triglycerides in the chylomicrons are broken down into glycerol and fatty acids by an enzyme associated with the blood vessel called
high density lipoprotein
which lipoprotien is responsible for picking up cholesterol from dying cells and other sources so it can be transported back to the liver for excretion
the chemica element found in all amino acids but not found in either carbohydrates or fats is
protein synthesis will be limited
if the diet is lacking an essential amino acid, what will be the course of action
limiting amino acid
if a food does not contain the necessary amounts of a certain amino acid to eet a body need, that amino acid is referred to as a
stored as amino acids in the liver
when protein consumption is in excess of body needs and energy neeeds are met the excess amino acids are metabolized and the energy in the molecule is
if the carbohydrate content of the diet is insufficient to meet the body's needs for glucose which of the following can be converted to glucose
are consuming enough carbohydrates and fats to meet our kcalorie needs
food protiens are used most efficiently when we
to supply more than 40 percentof the kcalories in the diet
all of the following are primary functions of protein except
one would likely to see positive protein balance in all of the following conditions except
diseases that are troublesome but not life threatening
all the following describe kwahiorkor and marasmus except
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