geography test notes
Terms in this set (57)
how is a president chosen in a presidential democracy?
citizens vote for president separately from the legislature.
what branch of government is responsible for making and carrying out laws in a parliamentary system?
legislative branch. (parliament)
the leader of a parliamentary system is often called the...
why is Iran called a theocracy republic?
it is led by religious leaders and an elect parliament
the type of government found in: Saudi Arabia? Israel?
Saudi Arabia- monarchy, Israel- democracy
what is the economy based on in the following countries: Saudi Arabia? Israel?
Saudi Arabia- petroleum and natural gas, Israel- technology, defense, agriculture
how did the breakup of the Ottoman Empire after WWI affect the middle east?
European nations took control and divided up M.E. using boundaries that caused conflict.
why was israel created in 1948?
provide a safe homeland for jews following the holocaust.
what was the result of the first Arab-israeli war?
israel won and the new nation gained more territory.
what caused the persian gulf war?
iraq had invaded kuwait to take control of its oil.
what caused the invasion of afghanistan in 2001?
the taliban governmet was aiding al-Qaeda after the 9/11 attacks in the U.S.
what caused the war in iraq in 2003
U.S. believed Iraq was developing nuclear weapons and aiding terrorist groups. Saddam Hussein refused to let UN inspectors into the country.
why is the government of iraq still not stable?
different ethnic groups and religious groups are struggling for power in the government.
what is desalination and what is its disadvantage to many countries?
removing salt from sea water for drinking and irrigation. it is an expensive process.
what is the common origin of judaism, christianity, and islam?
abraham and the old testament stories and prophets.
what is the difference between ethnic groups and religious groups?
an ethnic group has a shared history, language, and culture. a religious group worships the same god.
what are two main divisions of islam and what caused the split?
sunni ans shia, disagreement about leader ship after the death of muhammad.
how has oil wealth affected economic in the middle east?
oil has improved the economy in many M.E. countries, leading to improvements in education, health care, and other government services.
desire to return jews to israel
murder of 6 million jews WWII
terrorist group, attacked on 9/11
ability to red and write
Arabs from Palestine/ Israel
ethnic group from iran
hatred of jews
former government of afghanistan
share language, history, culture
5 guidelines for muslims
ethinc group (iraq, turkey, syria, iran)
temporary alliance of countries
controlled by one central govt
power in the people/free elections
law-making branch of govt
independent states join together
religious leaders control the govnt
controlled by a small group or party
rule by one king or queen
legislature in a parliamentary system
citizens who vote
limit on imported goods
ban on trade with a country
business are free to compete
org. petroleum exp. countries
total value of goods and services
type of money in a country
education and skills of workers
tax on imported goods
factories/machines to do business
government controls economy
supply and demand
affects the price of goods
creative business people/ take risks
system for changing currency
products a country makes best to trade
to take action
a task necessary to complete
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