US History WW1 & the Russian Revolution Terms (updated 2018)
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
a agreement to work together
a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
a region in Southeast Europe that Russia and Austria-Hungary tried to dominate
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
heir to the throne of Austria Hungary; assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a bosnian serb.; sparked WWI
the Serbian terrorist group that planned to assassinate Franz Ferdinand
Germany's plan to conquer France before the alliance could dig in
an act of atrocious cruelty
prepare military forces for war
payment for damages after a war
the channeling of a nation's entire resources into a war effort
deadlock in which neither side is strong enough to defeat the other
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
a form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
German submarines used in World War I
No Mans Land
Territory between rival Trenches, very dangerous
a final demand
In WWI, the region of Northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other.
In WWI, the region along the German-Russian Border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
a British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
A telegram Germany Sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S.
treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant (costly) reparations from the Germans
President Wilson's plan for world peace following world war I; which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations
a mental disorder caused by stress of active warfare
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
the inventions of the industrialization used in this war: machine guns, artillery, chemical warfare (poison gas), armored tanks, planes with machine guns, submarine
April 1917 US declared war on Germany -According to President Wilson when the US joined the war it transformed into an ideological conflict btwn democracy and autocracy.
world war I alliance of Britain, France, and Russia, and later joined by Italy, the United States, and others.
in World War I the alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and other nations to oppose the Allies
would not take sides between Central and Allied Powers; , Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Netherlands, Switzerland, Spain
Treaty of Brest Litovsk
Ended the war between Germany and Russia
a massacre of unarmed protesters by soldiers outside czar winter palace in 1905-led to revolution
Czar Nicholas 2
Leader of Russia, devoted to holding absolute power of Czars
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR
A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort
a war that involves most of the principle nations of the world
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