40 terms

US History WW1 & the Russian Revolution Terms (updated 2018)

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nationalism
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
militarism
policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
aliance
a agreement to work together
imperialism
a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
triple alliance
Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry
triple entente
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
the balkans
a region in Southeast Europe that Russia and Austria-Hungary tried to dominate
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
heir to the throne of Austria Hungary; assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a bosnian serb.; sparked WWI
Black Hand
the Serbian terrorist group that planned to assassinate Franz Ferdinand
Schleiffen Plan
Germany's plan to conquer France before the alliance could dig in
atrocity
an act of atrocious cruelty
Mobilize
prepare military forces for war
reparations
payment for damages after a war
total war
the channeling of a nation's entire resources into a war effort
stalemate
deadlock in which neither side is strong enough to defeat the other
propaganda
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
trench warfare
a form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
u-boats
German submarines used in World War I
No Mans Land
Territory between rival Trenches, very dangerous
ultimatum
a final demand
Western Front
In WWI, the region of Northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other.
Eastern Front
In WWI, the region along the German-Russian Border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
Lusitania
a British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
Zimmerman Telegram
A telegram Germany Sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S.
treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant (costly) reparations from the Germans
Woodrow Wilson
28th president
Fourteen Points
President Wilson's plan for world peace following world war I; which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations
shell shock
a mental disorder caused by stress of active warfare
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
Industrialized war
the inventions of the industrialization used in this war: machine guns, artillery, chemical warfare (poison gas), armored tanks, planes with machine guns, submarine
US involvement
April 1917 US declared war on Germany -According to President Wilson when the US joined the war it transformed into an ideological conflict btwn democracy and autocracy.
Allied Powers
world war I alliance of Britain, France, and Russia, and later joined by Italy, the United States, and others.
central powers
in World War I the alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and other nations to oppose the Allies
neutral countries
would not take sides between Central and Allied Powers; , Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Netherlands, Switzerland, Spain
Treaty of Brest Litovsk
Ended the war between Germany and Russia
bloody sunday
a massacre of unarmed protesters by soldiers outside czar winter palace in 1905-led to revolution
Czar Nicholas 2
Leader of Russia, devoted to holding absolute power of Czars
Vladimir Lenin
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR
Total War
A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort
global war
a war that involves most of the principle nations of the world
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